Glasgow Camlachie (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow Camlachie
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Glasgow Camlachie 1950–1955, Lanarkshire (UK Parliament constituency).svg
Lanarkshire constituencies 1950–1955.svg
Glasgow Camlachie show within Glasgow and Lanarkshire and Glasgow and Lanarkshire shown within Scotland
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
18851955
Number of members One
Created from Glasgow

Glasgow Camlachie was a burgh constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1955.

It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of the second Municipal Ward, and so much of the third Municipal Ward as lies south of a line drawn along the centre of Duke Street.[1]

In 1918 the constituency consisted of "That portion of the city which is bounded by a line commencing at a point on the municipal boundary on the south-east side of Cumbernauld Road where that road is intersected by the east side of the Caledonian Railway (Glasgow Lines), thence southward along the municipal boundary to a point about 299 yards north-westward from the centre of Carntyne Road, where the municipal boundary intersects that road, thence north-westward to a point on the centre line of the said railway 380 yards south of the centre line of Cumbernauld Road, thence southwestward and southward along the centre line of the said railway to the centre line of London Road, thence westward along the centre line of London Road and Canning Street to the centre line of Abercromby Street, thence north-eastward along the centre line of Abercromby Street to the centre line of Gallowgate, thence westward along the centre line of Gallowgate to the centre line of Sydney Street, thence northward along the centre line of Sydney Street to the centre line of Duke Street, thence eastward along the centre line of Duke Street to the centre line of Ark Lane, thence northward along the centre line of Ark Lane and Firpark Street to the centre line of Alexandra Parade, thence eastward and north-eastward along the centre line of Alexandra Parade, and Cumbernauld Road to the east side of the Caledonian Railway (Glasgow Lines), thence southward to the point of commencement."

The Representation of the People Act 1948 provided that the constituency was to consist of "The following wards (as constituted by the Local Government (Scotland) (Glasgow Wards and Councillors) Order, 1948, S.I., 1948, No. 876) of the county of the city of Glasgow, namely, Dennistoun, Provan and that part of Mile-End ward which lies to the west of a line commencing at a point on the northern boundary of the ward immediately opposite the centre line of Millerston Street thence southward to and along the centre line of Millerston Street to the centre line of Gallowgate; thence eastward along the centre line of Gallowgate to a point opposite the centre line of Fielden Street; thence southward along the centre line of Fielden Street to the termination of the line on the southern boundary of the Mile-End ward immediately opposite the centre of Fielden Street."

The Parliamentary Constituencies (Scotland) (Glasgow Bridgeton, Glasgow Provan and Glasgow Shettleston) Order, 1955 [2] provided for most of the area of the Camlachie constituency to be transferred to the new Glasgow Provan constituency, except for part of the Mile-End ward which was transferred to Glasgow Bridgeton.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [3] Party
1885 Hugh Watt Liberal
1892 Alexander Cross Liberal Unionist
1908 Liberal
Jan. 1910 Sir Halford John Mackinder Unionist
1922 Campbell Stephen ILP
1931 James Stevenson Unionist
1935 Campbell Stephen ILP
1947 Labour
1948 Charles Stuart McFarlane Unionist
1950 William Reid Labour
1955 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1951: Glasgow Camlachie
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Reid 20,994 51.3
Unionist Charles McFarlane 19,969 48.8
Majority 1,025 2.5
Turnout 82.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Glasgow Camlachie
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Reid 21,013 51.5 N/A
Unionist Charles McFarlane 19,766 48.5
Majority 1,247 3.1
Turnout 80.7
Labour gain from Ind. Labour Party Swing N/A

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Glasgow Camlachie by-election, 1948
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Charles McFarlane 11,085 43.7 + 1.4
Labour John M. Inglis 10,690 42.1 N/A
Ind. Labour Party Annie Maxton 1,622 6.4 - 51.3
SNP R. B. Wilkie 1,320 5.2 N/A
United Socialist Movement Guy Aldred 345 1.4 N/A
Liberal R. Goodfellow 312 1.2 N/A
Majority 395 1.6
Turnout 25,374 56.8
Unionist gain from Ind. Labour Party Swing N/A
General Election 1945: Glasgow Camlachie
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Ind. Labour Party Campbell Stephen 15,558 57.7
Unionist Charles McFarlane 11,399 42.3
Majority 4,159 15.4
Turnout 65.1
Ind. Labour Party hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Glasgow Camlachie [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Ind. Labour Party Campbell Stephen 15,070
Conservative James Stevenson OBE KC 14,186
Labour William Reid 2,732
Ind. Labour Party gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Glasgow Camlachie[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Stevenson OBE KC 18,461
Ind. Labour Party Campbell Stephen 15,282
Conservative gain from Ind. Labour Party Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1924: Glasgow Camlachie [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Campbell Stephen 14,588
Conservative P.D. Ridge-Beedle 14,373
General Election 1923: Glasgow Camlachie [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Campbell Stephen 14,143
Unionist Sir H. Keith 11,027
General Election 1922: Glasgow Camlachie [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Campbell Stephen 15,181
Conservative Halford John Mackinder 11,439
Liberal W. C. Smith 1,896
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Glasgow Camlachie [9]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Halford John Mackinder 13,645
Labour Hugh Boyd Guthrie 7,192
Liberal Daniel Browning 860
Conservative hold Swing
James Hogge
General Election Dec 1910: Glasgow Camlachie [10]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Halford John Mackinder 3,479 40.9
Liberal James Myles Hogge 3,453 40.6
Labour James O'Connor Kessack 1,539 18.1
Womens Suffrage William Julius Mirrlees 35 0.4
Unionist hold Swing

The intervention of Mirrlees, the women's suffrage candidate, had the effect of ensuring the election of Mackinder, who opposed women's suffrage at the expense of Hogge, who supported it.

General Election Jan 1910: Glasgow Camlachie [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Halford John Mackinder 3,227
Liberal Alexander Cross 2,793
Labour James O'Connor Kessack 2,443

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Glasgow Camlachie [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 3,119 36.4
Liberal William Pringle 2,871 33.5
Labour Joseph Burgess 2,568 30.0
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1900: Glasgow Camlachie [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 4,345
Scottish Workers Alfred Ewen Fletcher 3,107
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Glasgow Camlachie [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 3,198
Liberal Samuel Chisholm 2,497
Ind. Labour Party Robert Smillie 696
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1892: Glasgow Camlachie [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Alexander Cross 3,455 45.32
Liberal John McCulloch 3,084 40.45
Scottish Parliamentary Labour Robert Cunninghame-Graham 906 11.88
Liberal Hugh Watt 179 2.35
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Glasgow Camlachie [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hugh Watt 3,467
Liberal Unionist Bennet Burleigh 3,308
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: Glasgow Camlachie[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hugh Watt 4,047
Conservative Thomas Arnold Reid 2,883
Liberal James Martin 177
Liberal hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  2. ^ Statutory Instrument 1955/23
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  6. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  7. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  8. ^ a b c Liberal Yearbook, 1939
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  10. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 19216
  11. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  12. ^ The House of Commons, February 1901, Macmillan & Co.
  13. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889