Glasgow City Council
|Glasgow City Council
Glesga Ceetie Cooncil
Comhairle Baile Ghlaschu
|• Body||Glasgow City Council|
|• Total||68 sq mi (175 km2)|
|Area rank||Ranked 27th|
|Population (2010 est.)|
|• Rank||Ranked 1st|
|• Density||8,800/sq mi (3,396/km2)|
|ISO 3166 code||GB-GLG|
Glasgow City Council became one of the newly created single tier local authorities in 1996, under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, with boundaries somewhat different from those of the City of Glasgow district of the Strathclyde region: parts of the Cambuslang and Halfway and Rutherglen and Fernhill areas were transferred from the city area to the new South Lanarkshire council area.
The district had been created in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 to include: the former county of the city of Glasgow and a number of areas previously within the county of Lanark: Cambuslang (Central and North, and South lying outwith East Kilbride), Rutherglen (including the burgh of Rutherglen), part of a Carmunnock area (that lying outwith East Kilbride) and Baillieston, Carmyle, Garrowhill, Mount Vernon and Springboig.
The early city was run by the old Glasgow Town Council. In 1895, the Town Council formally became The Corporation of the City of Glasgow (Glasgow Corporation or City Corporation). It retained this title until local government re-organisation in 1975, when it became City of Glasgow District Council. In 1996, following the dissolution of Strathclyde Regional Council and the transfer of its responsibilities to Glasgow District Council, the authority was renamed Glasgow City Council.
The title Lord Provost of Glasgow, used now for the civic leader of the city council, has history dating from the 15th century.
Glasgow Corporation Transport was under the control of the Glasgow Corporation, and ran the local buses and Glasgow Trams, until it was superseded by the Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive on 1 June 1973.
During the period of two tier local government (Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973), 1975 to 1996, Glasgow District Council was responsible for refuse collection, museums, libraries and housing, while Strathclyde Regional Council had responsibilities for policing, fire service, water, education, social work and transport.
The city council established in 1996 (Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994), took on the powers and responsibilities previously divided between councils of the Glasgow City district and the Strathclyde region.
Council Control (Glasgow Corporation / District Council / City Council)
|Labour||1952–1968||1952 – 1955: Andrew Hood
1955 – 1957: Jean Roberts
1957 – 1958: Myer Galpern
1958 – 1963: Peter Meldrum
1963 – 1968: William Taylor
|No overall control||1968–1969||1968 – 1969: John Douglas Glen (Progressive)|
|Progressive||1969–1970||1969 – 1970: Peter Gemmill (Progressive)|
|No overall control||1970–1971||1970 – 1971: Peter Gemmill (Progressive)|
|Labour||1971–1977||1971 – 1972: John Main
1972 – 1973: Richard Dynes
1973 – 1974: Reverend Geoffrey Shaw
1974 – 1977: Richard Dynes
|No overall control||1977–1979||1977 – 1979: John Young (Conservative)|
|Labour||1979 – present||1979 – 1986: Jean McFadden
1986 – 1992: Pat Lally
1992 – 1994: Jean McFadden
1994 – 1996: Pat Lally
1996 – 1997: Bob Gould
1997 – 1999: Frank McAveety
1999 – 2005: Charlie Gordon
2005 – 2010: Steven Purcell
2010 – present: Gordon Matheson
The council is ceremonially headed by the Lord Provost of Glasgow, who is elected to convene the council and perform associated tasks as a general civil leader. The current incumbent is Sadie Docherty.
The council's executive branch is headed by a Leader of the Council, who is the leader of the largest political grouping, currently the Labour Party.
The council consists of 79 councillors elected for a four-year term from 21 wards. These wards were introduced for the 2007 election and each returns three or four members by the single transferable vote system of election. This system was introduced by the Local Governance (Scotland) Act 2004, as a means of ensuring a reasonably proportionately representative outcome.
The most recent full council election took place on Thursday 3 May 2012. Labour retained overall majority control (45), with increased numbers for the Scottish National Party (27) and the Greens (5), while the Conservatives, Glasgow First and the Liberal Democrats each returned one councillor. No Scottish Socialist Party, Solidarity or independent councillors were returned.
Current multi-member ward system
A multi-member ward system was introduced for the 2007 council election:
|1. Linn (4 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Lib Dem|
|2. Newlands/Auldburn (3 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP|
|3. Greater Pollok (4 members)||3 Lab; 1 SNP|
|4. Craigton (4 members)||2 Lab; 2 SNP|
|5. Govan (4 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Glasgow First|
|6. Pollokshields (3 members)||1 Lab; 1 Con; 1 SNP|
|7. Langside (3 members)||1 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Green|
|8. Southside Central (4 members)||2 Lab; 2 SNP;|
|9. Calton (3 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP|
|10. Anderston/City (4 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Green|
|11. Hillhead (4 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Green|
|12. Partick West (4 members)||2 SNP; 1 LAB; 1 Green|
|13. Garscadden/Scotstounhill (4 members)||3 Lab; 1 SNP|
|14. Drumchapel/Anniesland (4 members)||3 Lab; 1 SNP|
|15. Maryhill/Kelvin (4 members)||2 Lab; 2 SNP|
|16. Canal (4 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP; 1 Green|
|17. Springburn (3 members)||2 Lab; 1 SNP|
|18. East Centre (4 members)||3 Lab; 1 SNP|
|19. Shettleston (4 members)||3 Lab; 1 SNP|
|20. Baillieston (4 members)||2 Lab; 2 SNP|
|21. North East (4 members)||3 Lab; 1 SNP|
Previous single-member ward system
Prior to the 2007 election, there were 79 councillors elected from 79 single-member wards by the plurality (first past the post) system of election. The result from this system was 69 of the 79 councillors representing the Labour Party, although that party gained only around half the votes cast in the previous election to the council, and the Scottish National Party was represented by just four councillors, despite gaining some 20% of the votes. There were also three Liberal Democrat councillors, one Conservative councillor, one Scottish Socialist Party councillor, and one independent councillor.