Glasgow East (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Glasgow East in Scotland.
|Subdivisions of Scotland||City of Glasgow|
|Member of Parliament||Margaret Curran (Labour)|
|Created from||Glasgow Baillieston
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
Glasgow East is a constituency of the British House of Commons, located in the city of Glasgow, Scotland. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post system of voting.
One of the safest seats for the Labour Party, it has voted Labour since the 1930s. It achieved national prominence in 2008, when a by-election saw the Scottish National Party overturn a majority of over 13,000 votes to take the seat. At the 2010 general election, Labour's Margaret Curran won the seat back from the SNP, with a renewed majority of over 11,000 votes. The seat is notable for receiving the lowest percentage of votes for the Liberal Democrats for any constituency at the 2010 general election, and for being one of only two constituencies across the whole United Kingdom where the Conservative Party polled under 5% of the vote.
Glasgow East is one of seven constituencies covering the Glasgow City council area. All are entirely within the council area.
Prior to the 2005 general election, the city area was covered by ten constituencies, of which two straddled boundaries with other council areas. The East constituency includes the area of the former Glasgow Baillieston constituency and parts of the former Glasgow Shettleston constituency. Scottish Parliament constituencies retain the names and boundaries of the older Westminster constituencies.
Baillieston has always been represented by the Labour Party, as was its predecessor Glasgow Provan from its creation in 1955. Shettleston was won by the Labour Party at every election from 1950 onwards (in 1945 it was won by the Independent Labour Party). In 2008, the Scottish National Party succeeded in winning the seat from Labour in a by-election on a very large swing. Prior to the by-election, it had been one of the safest Labour seats in the United Kingdom. At the 2010 General Election, the constituency was re-gained by Labour from the SNP's by-election victor John Mason by more than 11,000 votes by Margaret Curran.
It is one of the most deprived constituencies in Britain. Nearly 40% of adults smoke, and on average there are 25 drug-related deaths a year. Average male life expectancy is 68, five years less than the Scottish average, while in the Shettleston area it is 63. A 2008 World Health Organisation report gave the average male life expectancy in Calton as 54.
Members of Parliament
|2008 by-election||John Mason||SNP|
On 28 June 2008, David Marshall MP announced he would step down because of a stress-related illness and was appointed Steward of the Manor of Northstead on 30 June 2008, thus effectively resigning from the Commons. Although the seat represented Labour's third highest majority in Scotland, they faced a strong challenge from the SNP, hot on the heels of Labour's disastrous performance in the 2008 Henley by-election. Nominations for candidates closed at 4pm on 9 July, and the election took place on 24 July.
|General Election 2010: Glasgow East|
|Liberal Democrats||Kevin Ward||1,617||5.0||+1.5|
|BNP||Joe T Finnie||677||2.1||+2.1|
|Scottish Socialist||Frances Curran||454||1.4||-0.7|
|Glasgow East by-election, 2008|
|Liberal Democrats||Ian Robertson||915||3.5||-8.3|
|Scottish Socialist||Frances Curran||555||2.1||-1.4|
|Scottish Green||Eileen Duke||232||0.9||N/A|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||22.5|
|General Election 2005: Glasgow East|
|Liberal Democrats||David Jackson||3,665||11.8||N/A|
|Scottish Socialist||George Savage||1,096||3.5||N/A|
Notes and references
- "Fifth Periodical Report, Boundary Commission for Scotland".
- McSmith, Andy (2008-06-12). "Struggle for survival in Labour heartland". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- Johnson, Simon (2008-07-02). "Glasgow as bad as the Gaza Strip, says SNP leader". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
- "BBC News". 2008-08-28.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Manor of Northstead". hm-treasury.gov.uk. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
- "Gordon Brown faces by-election test as veteran Scots MP David Marshal quits over illness". The Daily Record. 2008-06-28. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- "Notice of By-election for the UK Parliament". Retrieved 2008-07-12.
- BBC Scotland election coverage, Friday 25 July 2008
- "Glasgow East: Constituency". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- Press Association (2008-07-02). "By-election candidates selected". Deeside Piper and Herald (Johnston Press Digital Publishing). Retrieved 2008-07-05.
- "In full: Glasgow East candidates". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
- "Freedom-4-Choice party registration". Register of political parties. Electoral Commission. 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- "Glasgow East". Financial Times. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- "Election 2005 Result: Glasgow East". BBC. Retrieved 2013-12-06.