Glasgow Kelvin (Scottish Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow Kelvin
Scottish Parliament
burgh constituency
Glasgow Kelvin (Scottish Parliament constituency).svg
Glasgow (Scottish Parliament electoral region).svg
Glasgow Kelvin shown within the Glasgow electoral region and the region shown within Scotland
Created 1999
MSP Sandra White
Council area Glasgow City
Party Scottish National Party

Glasgow Kelvin is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). It elects one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) method of election. Also, however, it is one of ten constituencies in the Glasgow electoral region, which elects seven additional members, in addition to ten constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

Electoral region[edit]

The other eight constituencies of the Glasgow region are Glasgow Anniesland, Glasgow Cathcart, Glasgow Maryhill and Springburn, Glasgow Pollok, Glasgow Provan, Glasgow Shettleston, Glasgow Southside and Rutherglen.

The region covers the Glasgow City council area and a north-western portion of the South Lanarkshire council area.

Constituency boundaries[edit]

The original Glasgow Kelvin constituency was created at the same time as the Scottish Parliament, in 1999, with the name and boundaries of an existing Westminster constituency. In 2005, however, Scottish Westminster (House of Commons) constituencies were mostly replaced with new constituencies.

Boundary review[edit]

Following its First Periodic review into Scottish Parliament constituencies, a newly shaped Kelvin was formed in time for the 2011 Scottish Parliament election. The Glasgow City Council electoral wards used in the creation of the new Glasgow Kelvin seat are:

Constituency profile[edit]

Glasgow city centre is in this constituency, including Kelvingrove Art Gallery, the cathedral, and the Scottish Exhibition Centre. All three of Glasgow's universities are here as well, making it supposedly the most educated constituency in Scotland. The large student population is an important factor in elections. The Merchant City is also here, yuppie housing built out of the disused cotton and tobacco warehouses. This area is a symbol of the rebirth of the city, and Kelvin is undoubtedly the most affluent constituency in Glasgow, although it also includes more deprived areas.

History[edit]

The predecessor to the Westminster constituency seat, Glasgow Hillhead, was the last Conservative seat in the city until Roy Jenkins won it for the Social Democratic Party at a by-election in 1982. He held it in 1983 general election but it was taken by Labour's George Galloway in 1987.

Member of the Scottish Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1999 Pauline McNeill Labour
2003
2007
2011 Sandra White Scottish National Party

Election results[edit]

Scottish Parliament Election 2011: Glasgow Kelvin
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Sandra White 10,640 43.3 +14
Labour Pauline McNeill 9,758 39.8 +6
Liberal Democrats Natalie McKee 1,900 7.7 -5.9
Conservative Ruth Davidson 1,845 7.5 -0.8
Independent Tom Muirhead 405 1.6 +1.6
Majority 882 3.6
Turnout 24,548 39.4
SNP gain from Labour Swing 4

The Independent gained under 5% of the poll and thus lost their deposit

Scottish Parliament election, 2007 Notional Result: Glasgow Kelvin
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour 7,624 33.8
SNP 6,617 29.3
Liberal Democrats 3,067 13.6
Conservative 1,880 8.3
Others 3,371 14.9
Majority 1,007 4.5
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Parliament Election 2007: Glasgow Kelvin
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Pauline McNeill 7,875 33.5 -2.2
SNP Sandra White 6,668 28.4 +7.6
Scottish Green Martin Bartos 2,971 12.6 N/A
Liberal Democrats Katy Gordon 2,843 12.1 -3.0
Conservative Brian Cooklin 1,943 8.3 +0.1
Independent Niall Walker 744 3.2 N/A
Scottish Christian Isobel Macleod 456 1.9 N/A
Majority 1,207 5.1
Turnout 23,500 42.7 +3.3
Rejected ballots 1125 4.9 {{{change}}}
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Parliament Election 2003: Glasgow Kelvin
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Pauline McNeill 7,880 35.7 −9.1
SNP Sandra White 4,591 20.8 −8.5
Liberal Democrats Douglas Herbison 3,334 15.1 +2.0
Scottish Socialist Andy Harvey 3,159 14.3 +9.5
Conservative Gawaine Towler 1,816 8.2 +0.3
Independent Green Voice Alistair McConnachie 1,300 5.9 +5.9
Majority 3,289 14.9
Turnout 22,080 39.4
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Parliament Election 1999: Glasgow Kelvin
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Pauline McNeill 12,711 44.8
SNP Sandra White 8,303 29.3
Liberal Democrats Moira Craig 3,720 13.1
Conservative Assad Rasul 2,253 7.9
Scottish Socialist Heather Ritchie 1,375 7.8
Majority 4,408 15.5
Turnout 28,362 46.1
Labour win (new seat)

Youth participation[edit]

Scottish Youth Parliament[edit]

The Scottish Youth Parliament (SYP) is a body set up to represent Scotland’s young people. Its members are aged between 14 and 26 and are elected from Scottish parliamentary constituencies with each Member of the Scottish Parliament being shadowed by 2 Members of the Scottish Youth parliament. There are also representatives from several voluntary organisations. Glasgow Kelvin has two Scottish youth parliament seats as it comprises two Scottish parliamentary constituencies. Glasgow Kelvin's current MSYP’s are:

Gary Paterson - Glasgow Kelvin constituency
Joshua Morrison - Glasgow Kelvin constituency

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Candidates Glasgow City Council

See also[edit]