Glasgow School of Art
|The Glasgow School of Art|
|Type||Independent Art school. University-level institution|
|Director (Principal)||Tom Inns|
|Affiliations||University of Glasgow|
Founded in 1845 as the Glasgow Government School of Design, it changed its name to The Glasgow School of Art in 1853. Initially it was located at 12 Ingram Street, but in 1869 it moved to the McLellan Galleries. In 1897, work started on a new building to house the school on Renfrew Street. The building was designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, chosen for the commission by the school's director, Francis Newbery, who oversaw a period of expansion and fast-growing reputation. The first half of the building was completed in 1899 and the second half in 1909. The School's campus has grown since that time and in 2009, an international architectural competition was held to find an architect-led design team who would develop the Campus Masterplan and design the Phase 1 building. The Phase 1 building is opposite the Mackintosh Building on a site now occupied by the Foulis, Assembly and Newbery Tower Buildings. The competition was won by New York based Steven Holl Architects working with Glasgow based JM Architects.
The school has produced most of Scotland's leading contemporary artists including, since 2005, 29% of Turner Prize nominees and three recent Turner Prize winners: Simon Starling in 2005, Richard Wright in 2009 and Martin Boyce in 2011. The School of Architecture is highly rated by the architecture profession ranked the top school in Scotland and top five in the UK and top ten in the world by the Architects Journal and Graduate Architecture respectively. and the School of Design has been described by Design Week as "leaders in design education".
The School is organised into the three academic schools, the Mackintosh School of Architecture (named after Charles Rennie Mackintosh the GSA's most famous alumnus), School of Design and School of Fine Art, each with their own academic programmes and research centres. The Schools, together with the Digital Design Studio, specialising in 3D visualisation and interaction, the Forum for Critical Inquiry which provides a range of non-studio based learning, teaching and research and the Graduate School, form the academic core. In addition, the GSA has a long established portfolio of non-degree provision, providing a range of portfolio preparation and leisure classes.
Disciplines include Fine Art Photography, founded by Thomas Joshua Cooper in 1982, Painting and Printmaking, Sculpture and Environmental Art, Product Design, Product Design Engineering, Textiles, Silversmithing and Jewellery, Interior Design, Communication Design, Digital Culture and Architecture.
The School currently has three separate campuses: The School of Fine Art, Digital Culture and MFA programmes are located in the vicinity of the Mackintosh building; the School of Design - Textiles, Jewellery & Silversmithing, Product Design Engineering, Product Design, Communication Design and Interior Design - the Centre for Advanced Textiles, Design Innovation Studio and the Where the Monkey Sleeps cafe are located in a new temporary campus at Skypark, in Finnieston whilst development of the current Garnethill campus is ongoing.
The School's Digital Design Studio is situated at Pacific Quay. The Design Innovation Centre, a research centre of the School of Design is based in Forres and the School has a Representative Office in Beijing, PRC.
The Mackintosh Building is the heart of the campus and continues to be a functioning part of the school. It primarily houses the Fine Art Painting department, first year studios and administrative staff. It also houses the Mackintosh gallery which holds many different exhibitions throughout the year. The Mackintosh Gallery (also known as the Mackintosh Museum) is the only part of the Mackintosh building open to the general public; all other areas are of the school are only viewable by guided tour. An exception to this rule is the Degree Show where all the studios within the Mackintosh building are opened to allow people to view the graduating year's final artworks.
The Richmond Building is home to the Fine Art photography department. Connected to the Richmond Building is the John D. Kelly Building which houses the Master of Fine Art. The Graduate School is currently located on Rose Street.
The Mackintosh School of Architecture and the school's library and learning resources are situated in The Bourdon Building.
The Barnes Building on West Graham Street is the base for the Sculpture and Environmental Art, International Foundation and Digital Culture programmes.
After the regeneration The Mackintosh building will still be centrepiece of the campus, though there are plans to sell off some of the more peripheral buildings and to redevelop the Newbery site. The building which houses the Assembly Building adjacent to the Mackintosh Building will be redeveloped and retain its existing facade.
An international architectural competition was launched in March 2009 to find the design team to prepare a campus masterplan and detailed design of the first new building phase. The winner of the competition was Steven Holl Architects, working in partnership with Glasgow’s JM Architects and Arup Engineering. Work commenced in the summer of 2011 and will continue until Autumn 2013. The building was structurally complete in Spring 2013.
The GSA has a specialist research and postgraduate centre - Digital Design Studio (DDS) based on the southside of Glasgow in a new facility at Pacific Quay by the River Clyde in a building called The Hub.
GSA runs an annual public programme of exhibitions and events. The Mackintosh Gallery has a curated programme that works with contemporary artists, designers and architects; GSA staff and students; and makes connections to the rich heritage and architecture of the Glasgow School of Art and its collections.
Students and teaching
The GSA has been ranked in the top 10 of specialist educational institutions in the Guardian University Guide, ranking it the top specialist visual arts institution in the UK. The School does not appear in other published league tables Rankings of universities in the United Kingdom which focus on institutions that have degree awarding powers. Its degrees are validated by the University of Glasgow.
Of its 1,900 students, almost 20% are international, 20% from the Rest of the UK and approximately 20% are postgraduate.
HESA statistics show GSA to have one of the lowest student drop-out rates in the UK.
Student Unions and representation
Research and Knowledge Exchange
The Glasgow School of Art is host to a number of high profile research projects, funded primarily through the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, and the Economic and Social Research Council, although other UK research councils have funded projects in the past.
At the last Research Assessment Exercise in 2008, the GSA had the second largest art and design research community in the UK and with 25% of research evaluated as world leading and 25% as internationally excellent. The GSA has a number of research centres including Digital Design Studio, Mackintosh Environmental Architectural Research Institute, Institute of Design Innovation, Centre for Advanced Textiles and the Glasgow Urban Lab
Research professors include Professor Thomas Joshua Cooper, Professor Alastair Macdonald, Professor Paul Anderson, Professor Roger Wilson, Dr Tim Sharpe, Professor Irene McAra-McWilliam, Professor Linda Drew, Professor Christopher Platt and Professor Brian Evans.
The School currently has two Fulbright Distinguished Chairs within the Mackintosh School of Architecture: Professor Ann Markusen and Professor Juliana Maantay.
- Harry Benson - Photographer
- Christine Berrie - Illustrator
- Christine Borland - Artist - 1997 Turner Prize Nominee
- Martin Boyce - Artist, 2011 Turner Prize winner
- Roderick Buchanan - Artist, 2000 Beck's Futures Winner
- John Byrne - Playwright, Artist
- Ian Callum - Automotive designer
- Steven Campbell - Artist
- Peter Capaldi - Actor - 1995 Oscar winner
- Nathan Coley - Artist - 2007 Turner Prize nominee
- Robbie Coltrane - Actor - Starred in James Bond and Harry Potter movies
- Stephen Conroy - Award-winning painter
- Ken Currie - Artist
- David Donaldson - Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland
- Ian Hamilton Finlay - Artist, Poet, Turner Prize nominee 1984
- Hannah Frank - Artist and sculptor
- Douglas Gordon - Artist, 1996 Turner Prize winner
- Alexander Goudie - Artist
- Doris Grant - nutritionist
- Alasdair Gray - Novelist and muralist; Author of Lanark: A Life in Four Books
- Norah Neilson Gray - also taught here
- Sir James Gunn - Landscape and portrait painter
- Bob Hardy - Bassist with Franz Ferdinand (band)
- Pam Hogg - Fashion designer
- Peter Howson - Artist
- Cathy Jamieson - Politician
- Chantal Joffe - Artist
- Robert Kelsey - Artist and current president of Glasgow Art Club
- Jessie Marion King - Illustrator
- Jim Lambie - Artist - 2005 Turner Prize nominee
- Liz Lochhead - Playwright and poet
- Rory Macdonald - Musician, songwriter, founding member of Runrig
- Jimmie Macgregor MBE - Folksinger and broadcaster
- Alexander Mackendrick - Film director
- Gillies MacKinnon - Film director
- Charles Rennie Mackintosh - Artist, designer and architect
- Oscar Marzaroli - Photographer
- Iain McCaig – Illustrator, designer and Hollywood storyboard artist
- Norman McLaren - Oscar-winning animation and filmmaker
- James Meechan - Canadian artist in stained glass
- Thomas Corsan Morton - Artist
- Sheila Mullen - Artist
- Jessie Newbery - Textile artist, embroiderer
- Cordelia Oliver - Journalist, painter and art critic for The Guardian
- Xavier Pick - Official War Artist, Iraq 2008/9
- Johnathan Rice - Singer Songwriter, other half of Jenny and Johnny
- Charles Sandison - Media Artist
- Jenny Saville - Artist
- Benno Schotz - Sculptor
- David Shrigley - Artist and cartoonist
- Lucy Skaer - Artist - 2009 Turner Prize nominee
- Simon Starling - Turner Prize winning artist 2005
- Alexander Stoddart, B.A. Hons 1980, Her Majesty's Sculptor in Ordinary for Scotland
- Travis - Glasgow-based band comprising GSA alumni Fran Healy and Dougie Payne
- Alison Watt - Artist, painted portrait of Queen Mother with a teapot on her head
- Charles Gordon McClure (1885–1933), also known as Dyke White, cartoonist
- Cathy Wilkes - Artist - 2008 Turner Prize nominee
- Richard Wright - Turner Prize-winning artist 2009
- GSA Extension
- The Hub
- University guide 2012: Specialist institutions league table
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glasgow School of Art.|
- Glasgow School of Art home page
- Glasgow School of Art Student Association
- Glasgow School of Art - Illustrated Guide
- Rcahms.gov.uk page featuring historical interior photographs of Glasgow School of Art