Glasgow School of Art

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The Glasgow School of Art
Wfm glasgow school of art.jpg
Established 1845
Type Independent Art school. University-level institution
Academic staff 160
Admin. staff 138
Students 1940
Undergraduates 1580
Postgraduates 170-80
Doctoral students 32
Location Glasgow, Scotland
Director (Principal) Tom Inns
Affiliations University of Glasgow
Website www.gsa.ac.uk

The Glasgow School of Art (GSA) is Scotland's only public self-governing art school offering university level programmes and research in architecture, fine art and design. The school is housed in one of Glasgow's most famous buildings, often considered the masterpiece of Charles Rennie Mackintosh and built between 1897 and 1909. The building was severely damaged by fire in May 2014.

History[edit]

Founded in 1845 as the Glasgow Government School of Design, it changed its name to The Glasgow School of Art in 1853. Initially it was located at 12 Ingram Street, but in 1869 it moved to the McLellan Galleries. In 1897, work started on a new building to house the school on Renfrew Street. The building was designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, chosen for the commission by the school's director, Francis Newbery, who oversaw a period of expansion and fast-growing reputation. The first half of the building was completed in 1899 and the second half in 1909. The School's campus has grown since that time and in 2009, an international architectural competition was held to find an architect-led design team who would develop the Campus Masterplan and design the Phase 1 building. The Phase 1 building is opposite the Mackintosh Building on a site now occupied by the Foulis, Assembly and Newbery Tower Buildings. The competition was won by New York based Steven Holl Architects[1] working with Glasgow based JM Architects.[2]

The school has produced most of Scotland's leading contemporary artists including, since 2005, 30% of Turner Prize nominees and three recent Turner Prize winners: Simon Starling in 2005, Richard Wright in 2009 and Martin Boyce in 2011. The School of Architecture is highly rated by the architecture profession[3] and the School of Design has been described by Design Week as "leaders in design education".[4]

The School is organised into three academic schools, the Mackintosh School of Architecture (named after Charles Rennie Mackintosh, who is also the GSA's most revered alumnus), the School of Design and the School of Fine Art, each with its own academic programmes and research centres. Alongside the three schools there are a Digital Design Studio, specialising in 3D visualisation and interaction, a Forum for Critical Inquiry, which provides a range of non-studio-based learning, teaching and research, and the Graduate School. The GSA also has a long-established portfolio of non-degree provision, including leisure classes.

Disciplines include Fine Art Photography, founded by Thomas Joshua Cooper in 1982, Painting and Printmaking, Sculpture and Environmental Art, Product Design, Product Design Engineering, Textiles, Silversmithing and Jewellery, Interior Design, Communication Design, Digital Culture and Architecture.

2014 Fire[edit]

The original Mackintosh building was severely damaged by fire on 23 May 2014.[2014-fire 1][2014-fire 2] The extent of the damage and the future of the building have still to be determined. An initial fire service estimate was that 90% of the building and 70% of its contents had been saved.[2014-fire 3]

The fire, which began in the basement, quickly spread upwards and, although it was brought under control quite quickly, significant damage was done to the historic studios and stairways. The renowned Mackintosh library was destroyed; the archive was water damaged. but can be air and freeze dried[2014-fire 4] There were no reported casualties.

The fire broke out as students were preparing for their Degree Show. Eyewitnesses said that the fire appeared to have started when a projector exploded in the basement of the Charles Rennie Mackintosh building just before 12:30pm.[2014-fire 5][2014-fire 6]

Campus[edit]

Western facade of GSA's Mackintosh building

The school currently has two separate campuses: the School of Fine Art, Digital Culture, and MFA programmes are in the vicinity of the fire damaged Mackintosh building. The School of Design - Textiles, Jewellery & Silversmithing, Product Design Engineering, Product Design, Communication Design and Interior Design - the Centre for Advanced Textiles, Design Innovation Studio and the Where the Monkey Sleeps cafe have recently moved back to the Garnethill Campus with the occupation of the new Reid Building.

The Design Innovation Centre, a research centre of the School of Design is based in Forres and the school has a Representative Office in Beijing, PRC. The GSA has a specialist research and postgraduate centre - Digital Design Studio (DDS) based on the southside of Glasgow in a new facility at Pacific Quay by the River Clyde in a building called The Hub.[5]

The Mackintosh Building was the heart of the campus and continued to be a functioning part of the school until a major fire on 23 May 2014. The building housed the Fine Art Painting department, first year studios and administrative staff. It houses the Mackintosh gallery which held many different exhibitions throughout the year. The Mackintosh Gallery (also known as the Mackintosh Museum) was the only part of the Mackintosh building open to the general public; all other areas of the school were only viewable by guided tour.[6] An exception to this rule was the Degree Show where all the studios within the Mackintosh building were opened to allow people to view the graduating year's final artworks.

The Mackintosh School of Architecture and the school's library and learning resources are situated in The Bourdon Building.

The Barnes Building on West Graham Street is the base for the Sculpture and Environmental Art, International Foundation and Digital Culture programmes.

After the regeneration The Mackintosh building will still be centrepiece of the campus, though there are plans to sell off some of the more peripheral buildings and to redevelop the Newbery site. The building which houses the Assembly Building adjacent to the Mackintosh Building will be redeveloped and retain its existing facade.

An international architectural competition was launched in March 2009 to find the design team to prepare a campus masterplan and detailed design of the first new building phase.[7] The winner of the competition was Steven Holl Architects,[8] working in partnership with Glasgow’s JM Architects and Arup Engineering. Work commenced in 2011 and continued until 2013. The building was structurally complete in 2013.[9] The new building has been named the Reid Building after the last Director: Dame Seona Reid, and won Building of the Year at the 2014 Architect's Journal awards - the AJ100 Awards in May 2014.

Exhibitions[edit]

GSA runs an annual public programme of exhibitions and events. The Mackintosh Gallery has a curated programme that works with contemporary artists, designers and architects; GSA staff and students; and makes connections to the rich heritage and architecture of the Glasgow School of Art and its collections.[10]

Students and teaching[edit]

The GSA has been ranked in the top 10 of specialist educational institutions in the Guardian University Guide, ranking it the top specialist visual arts institution in the UK.[11] The School does not appear in other published league tables Rankings of universities in the United Kingdom which focus on institutions that have degree awarding powers. Its degrees are validated by the University of Glasgow.

Of its 1,900 students, almost 20% are international, 20% from the Rest of the UK and approximately 20% are postgraduate.

HESA statistics show GSA to have one of the lowest student drop-out rates in the UK.[12]

In 2002 the funding councils published figures which placed Glasgow School of Art as having the second-lowest number of students from a working class background out of a list of UK higher education institutions. With 7% of its students coming from social classes IIIm, IV and V (skilled manual, semi-skilled or un-skilled workers), the figures put it above Oxford and Cambridge in terms of exclusivity. Glasgow School of art disputed the figures, explaining that the majority of its applicants did not come through the UCAS system on which the statistics were based so the numbers involved were very small. This was reinforced by Hefce, which said the figures should be treated with care.[13]

Student Unions and representation[edit]

Architectural model of the Glasgow School of Art.

Research and Knowledge Exchange[edit]

The Glasgow School of Art is host to a number of high profile research projects, funded primarily through the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, and the Economic and Social Research Council, although other UK research councils have funded projects in the past.

At the last Research Assessment Exercise in 2008, the GSA had the second largest art and design research community in the UK and with 25% of research evaluated as world leading and 25% as internationally excellent. The GSA has a number of research centres including Digital Design Studio, Mackintosh Environmental Architectural Research Institute, Institute of Design Innovation,[14] Centre for Advanced Textiles and the Glasgow Urban Lab[15]

Research professors include Professor Thomas Joshua Cooper, Professor Alastair Macdonald, Professor Paul Anderson, Professor Roger Wilson, Professor Tim Sharpe, Professor Irene McAra-McWilliam, Professor Linda Drew, Professor Christopher Platt and Professor Brian Evans.

The School currently has two Fulbright Distinguished Chairs within the Mackintosh School of Architecture: Professor Ann Markusen and Professor Juliana Maantay.

Notable students[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Steven Holl Architects". Stevenholl.com. 2014-02-07. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  2. ^ http://www.jmarchitects.net/
  3. ^ "World's Best Architecture Schools and Universities - Top 10 List". Graduatearchitecture.com. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  4. ^ "Glasgow School of Art". Fulbright Partners. The US-UK Fulbright Commission. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  5. ^ The Hub
  6. ^ CathieRandall. "Tours". Gsa.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  7. ^ Scottisharchitecture.com
  8. ^ Waite, Richard (2010-09-17). "Steven Holl unveils Glasgow School of Art Mackintosh designs | News". Architects Journal. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  9. ^ GSA Extension
  10. ^ Site Administrator. "GSA Events". Gsa.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  11. ^ University guide 2012: Specialist institutions league table
  12. ^ BBC.co.uk
  13. ^ MacLeod, Donald. "Glasgow 'posher' than Oxbridge", The Guardian, 18 December 2002.
  14. ^ "Institute of Design Innovation on Vimeo". Vimeo.com. 2012-12-11. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  15. ^ ScottParsons. "Research Centres". Gsa.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-15. 
  16. ^ An Eye for Trouble
  17. ^ "Artist profile". commarts.com. Communication Arts. August 8, 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 
  18. ^ Christopher Hives (1999). "Sam Black fonds". UBC / The British Columbia Archival Information Network. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  19. ^ Royal Scottish Academy. "Images for Scottish Art, Robert Henderson Blyth". Royal Scottish Academy. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  20. ^ Buckman, David (15 November 1999). "Leonard Boden Obituary". London: The Independent. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "Famous Alumni". Glasgow School of Art. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  22. ^ Emilio Coia HonLLD (Strath)
  23. ^ http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-liverpool/exhibition/turner-prize-2007/turner-prize-2007the-artists
  24. ^ Robert Colquhoun 1914–1962 Artist biography
  25. ^ McTear's Auctioneers. "McTear's The Scottish Picture Auction". McTear's Auctioneers. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  26. ^ BBC Your Paintings: works by Ken Currie in public British collections
  27. ^ Hamilton Finlay 1925–2006
  28. ^ Hannah Frank, A Grasgow Artist. 1908 - 2008
  29. ^ Timothy Clifford, Alexander Goudie: Don Quixote of Glasgow artists, The Independent, 18 March 2004
  30. ^ Doris Grant, obituary
  31. ^ Norah Neilson Gray, Helsburgh Heroes, accessed July 2010
  32. ^ National Galleries of Scotland
  33. ^ Foley, Jack. "A bold and beautiful new exhibition". IndieLondon. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  34. ^ "Two Women of Distinction". The Glasgow Herald. 2 April 1948. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  35. ^ Biography at the Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society
  36. ^ Rory Macdonald
  37. ^ Macgregor's Gathering, Early Years
  38. ^ Alexander Mackendrick at the British Film Institute's Screenonline, also Article about Mackendrick's teaching career
  39. ^ "Gillies MacKinnon". British Film Institute. Retrieved 8 Jan 2014. 
  40. ^ Wells, Tish (October 29, 2008). "To Iain McCaig, 'Star Wars' characters are more than just imagination", McClatchy-Tribune News Service. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  41. ^ [1]
  42. ^ Who's Who in Glasgow 1909
  43. ^ Sheila Mullen
  44. ^ Grigor, Murray (26 January 2010). "Obituary". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  45. ^ "Ciara Phillips". Re-title.com. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  46. ^ Xavier Pick website, Info
  47. ^ Charles sandison, biography
  48. ^ "CURRICULM VITAE DAVID SHRIGLEY". David Shrigley. 
  49. ^ Yale Union
  50. ^ "Thomas Smith Tait". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 16 November 2008. 
  51. ^ Farago, Jason (8 May 2014). "Movers and makers: the most powerful people in the art world". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  52. ^ Cathy Wilkes at Xavier Hufkens, Brussels
  53. ^ Artnet, Richard Wright biography

2014 Fire[edit]

  1. ^ "Glasgow School of Art: Fire crews battle to save building". BBC. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  2. ^ "Glasgow School of Art fire brought under control". The Guardian. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Glasgow School of Art: Fire crews save most of building". BBC News. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Glasgow School of Art fire: Iconic library destroyed". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  5. ^ "Fire crews tackle blaze at Glasgow School of Art". BBC News. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Firefighters battle major blaze at Mackintosh Glasgow School of Ar". STV News. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°51′58″N 4°15′50″W / 55.86611°N 4.26389°W / 55.86611; -4.26389