Glasgow Tradeston by-election, 1911

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Vacancy[edit]

Liberal Archibald Corbett had been the MP since the constituency was created in 1885. He retired from the House of Commons and was created 1st Baron Rowallan, taking a seat in the House of Lords.

Electoral history[edit]

Although Tradeston had consistently voted for Corbett, he did not consistently stand under the same label. In 1885 he stood as a Liberal against a Conservative. In 1886 following a split in the Liberal party he stood as a Liberal Unionist against a Liberal. Thereafter this was the normal contest until 1910. He had re-joined the Liberal party in 1908 but he did not win the official Liberal nomination in January 1910. This time standing as an Independent Liberal he scraped a victory against both Liberal and Conservative candidates. Then at the last general election, standing as the official Liberal candidate he won comfortably;

General Election Dec 1910: Glasgow Tradeston[1]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Archibald Cameron Corbett 4,811 60.5
Liberal Unionist Archibald Pollock Main 3,137 39.5
Majority 21.0
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Candidates[edit]

Campaign[edit]

Result[edit]

The turnout was substantially down on the general election. There was a massive swing to the Liberals of 17.6%.

Glasgow Tradeston by-election, 1911[1]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Dundas White 3,869 78.1 +17.6
Conservative John Henry Watts 1,086 21.9 -17.6
Majority 2,783 56.2 +35.2
Turnout 4,955
Liberal hold Swing +17.6

Aftermath[edit]

A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election.

Due to the outbreak of war, the election did not take place until 1918.

General Election 14 December 1918: Glasgow Tradeston[3]

Electorate 35,960

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lt-Col. Vivian Leonard Henderson MC 12,250
British Socialist Party James Dunlop McDougall 3,751 n/a
Liberal James Dundas White 3,369
Majority 8,499
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a
  • Henderson was the endorsed candidate of the Coalition Government. After the war, White briefly joined the Labour party and stood as a Labour candidate on two occasions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  2. ^ Liberal Nationalisms: Empire, State, and Civil Society in Scotland and Quebec By James Kennedy
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig, F.W.S. (1974)