|First game||Punch-Out!! (1984)|
|Designed by||Shigeru Miyamoto (Punch-Out!!, 1984)
Makoto Wada (Punch-Out!!, 1987)
|Voiced by||Christian Bernard (Punch-Out!!, 2009)|
Glass Joe (グラス・ジョー Gurasu Jō?) is a fictional boxer from Nintendo's Punch-Out!! video game series. He first appeared in the arcade game Punch-Out!! in 1984 and three years later in the NES game of the same name. His most recent appearance was in the Wii installment of Punch-Out!!. He was originally designed by Shigeru Miyamoto and was revised by Makoto Wada for the NES game. He is voiced by Christian Bernard in the Wii game.
He is the player's first opponent in all of his roles and is famous for his weakness and cowardice. These elements are considered by critics to be stereotypes of French people. These characteristics were emphasized by the developer of the Wii game which included cutscenes which depict Glass Joe in French settings. Glass Joe is considered one of the most well-known characters in the Punch-Out!! series and a Nintendo icon. His name has been used to describe poor performance by sportspeople and teams.
Concept and creation
Glass Joe is a 38-year-old French flyweight boxer who hails from Paris, France. He stands at 177.8 centimeters (5'10'') and weighs in at 49.9 kilograms (110 lbs.). His win record is one win to 99 losses. He is the weakest opponent and the first players encounter in any of his roles. His mediocrity has been attributed to poor blocking and reaction time. He possesses several negative stereotypes of French people.
The character was designed by Shigeru Miyamoto for the original Punch-Out!! arcade game. The name "Glass Joe" was conceived by Genyo Takeda as a play on his glass jaw. Glass Joe's appearance was revised by Makoto Wada for the NES Punch-Out!!. The character is voiced by Christian Bernard in the Wii game; much of his dialogue in between matches consists of counting to ten in French. Next Level Games (the developer of the Wii game) introduced cutscenes which depicted Glass Joe as a fashionable Frenchman. They also showed him in front of the Arc de Triomphe and the Eiffel Tower (both Parisian landmarks) The designers had croissants burst from Glass Joe as he is knocked out.
Glass Joe's debut was in the first Punch-Out!! game for the arcades in 1984. His role was to give young players a sense of accomplishment which motivated them to spend more money to try and beat the more difficult opponents. Glass Joe later appeared in Punch-Out!! for the NES in 1987. While he did not appear in the NES game's sequel, he opened a boxing school for potential fighters. Gabby Jay (the game's first opponent) attended this school and got his first and only win against Glass Joe. Glass Joe's most recent appearance was in Punch-Out!! for the Wii in 2009. He was one of the first characters revealed in pre-release material. The Wii Punch-Out!! has a mode called "Title Defense" which featured a more difficult version of Glass Joe among other opponents. This mode has Glass Joe wear a protective headgear due to a doctor's recommendation after an X-ray was done on his skull.
Glass Joe has come to be considered one of Punch-Out!! 's signature characters. He was included in a series of trading cards which depict various Punch-Out!! boxers. Both UGO's Chris Plante and G4TV's "jmanalang" considered the fight with Glass Joe one of the most memorable NES moments. Plante felt that it was even more memorable than the in-game fight with Mike Tyson. GameDaily's Chris Buffa called Glass Joe one of the most unappreciated Nintendo characters and said that he wanted to see him succeed.
His name has been used as a derogatory term for sportspeople who perform poorly such as Derek Anderson, Ahmad Bradshaw, and the players for the North Penn football team. The name has also been used by ESPN's Bill Simmons to describe his disappointment with the heavyweight championship fight between boxers Wladimir Klitschko and Chris Byrd. When asked who among his boxing opponents most reminded him of Glass Joe, Mike Tyson said Bruce Seldon whom he claimed he didn't even need to hit. Yahoo! Sports' Mike Oz created the "Glass Joe Title" (awarded for poor performance in the MLB). He has so far awarded it to the Los Angeles Angels, the New York Mets, the New York Yankees, and the Atlanta Braves.
Glass Joe's French characteristics have been discussed by critics such as writer Sumantra Lahiri and Eurogamer's Oli Welsh. IGN's Craig Harris felt that the NES game focused more on his weaknesses and that the Wii game emphasized his stereotypes. A member of the Retronauts podcast also felt that he was defined more by his weakness than his nationality until he learned more about French stereotypes. Chris Buffa felt that the stereotypes could be considered offensive while Giant Bomb's Ryan Davis felt that there was nothing legitimately offensive.
Glass Joe is considered noteworthy for his weakness. Writers have used him as a test of the usability of NES controllers such as the U-Force and the Power Glove. Hardcore Gamer's Nikola Suprak compared Glass Joe to the Super Mario enemy Goomba, which was featured alongside Glass Joe on a Nintendo Power list of their "favorite punching bags." GamesRadar editor Mikel Reparaz included him in his list of the "13 unluckiest videogame bastards" and gave respect to the fact that he never gives up.
His appearance in the "Title Defense" mode of the Wii Punch-Out!! received attention for his increased difficulty. Official Nintendo Magazine 's Chris Scullion praised the fight and felt it proved that the Wii game would not be too easy.
- Nintendo R&D3 (February 1984). "Punch-Out!!". Nintendo Entertainment System. Nintendo. Level/area: Glass Joe.
- Rudden, Dave (2009-08-20). "The 11 Skinniest Video Game Characters". GamePro. Archived from the original on 2010-08-30. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Plante, Chris (2010-02-27). "Top 20 NES Moments". UGO Networks. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "Make it quick... I want to retire"
- Scullion, Chris (2009-05-21). "Wii Review: Punch-Out!!". Official Nintendo Magazine. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Huling, Ray (2009-01-13). "Punch-Out!!'s Black Eye". The Escapist. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Nintendo R&D3 (October 1987). "Punch-Out!!" NES. Nintendo. Level/area: Besaid.
Character Designer: M. Wada
- "Christian Bernard Profile". Metacritic. Retrieved 2013-09-20.
- Elston, Brett (2009-05-20). "Fun with stereotypes: starring Punch-Out!!". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Kohler, Chris (2009-05-19). "Review: Punch-Out!! Is an Absolute Old-School Knockout". Wired. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Iwata, Satoru (2010-06-10). "Iwata Asks - Punch-Out!!". Nintendo. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "Sports - A Brief History of Boxing Video Games - UGO's Boxing Greats". UGO Networks. Archived from the original on 2007-11-0. Retrieved 2010-08-05. Check date values in:
- Super Punch-Out!! game manual. Nintendo. (October 1994)
- Thomas, Erin (2009-03-31). "Punch-Out!! - hands-on". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Ashcraft, Brian (2009-04-28). "Yet Another New Character Coming to Wii Punch-Out!!". Kotaku. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Orry, James (2009-04-21). "Punch Out!! modes detailed - Punch-Out!! for Wii News". Video Gamer. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Reparaz, Mikel (2009-02-13). "The 13 unluckiest videogame bastards". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- jmanalang (2008-08-30). "The Definition Of Hardcore Gaming". G4TV. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Buffa, Chris (2008-09-03). "Most Unappreciated Nintendo Characters". GameDaily. Archived from the original on 2009-04-11. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Burke, Chris (2009-08-15). "Round 1 of Browns' Quarterback Fight Goes to Brady Quinn". AOL News. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Florio, Mike (2009-10-30). "Rolle, three others fined in Cardinals-Giants game". NBC. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Lohn, John (2009-12-05). "Ridley is the boss in District One". Delaware County Daily Times. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Girardi, Joe; Pavano, Carl (2010-06-10). "Healthy A.J. Burnett produces on mound for New York Yankees as he manages pitching approach". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Simmons, Bill (2003-06-21). "Heavyweights are a dying breed". ESPN. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
- Robinson, Jon (2012-12-18). "Mike Tyson on WWE and real-life Glass Joe". ESPN. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Oz, Mike (2013-06-04). "Introducing the ‘Glass Joe Title’: Honoring baseball’s losingest losers". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Oz, Mike (2013-06-17). "TKO! New York Yankees now burdened with ‘Glass Joe Title’ after series loss to Angels". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Oz, Mike (2013-07-01). "Braves sweep D-backs and unload ‘Glass Joe Title’ in the process". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
- Welsh, Oli (2009-03-25). "GDC: Punch-Out!! Wii Hands On". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Harris, Craig (2009-03-25). "Punch-Out!! Hands-on". IGN. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Kohler, Chris; Parish, Jeremy; Sharkey, Scott; Barnholt, Ray (2009-05-14). "A History of Punch-Out!!". Retronauts, Wired. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- Buffa, Chris (2009-05-18). "Culturally Insensitive Games". GameDaily. Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- Davis, Ryan (2009-05-19). "Punch-Out!! Review". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "Nintendo Power 250th issue!". Future US. 2010. p. 59.
- Herring, Will (2009-05-18). "Punch-Out!! Review from GamePro". GamePro. Archived from the original on 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Workman, Robert (2009-05-18). "Retro Rewind: Then and Now: Punch-Out!!". GameDaily. Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- Cowan, James (2009-11-16). "Game Informer's Top 100 Games Of All Time (Circa Issue 100)". Game Informer. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Cavalli, Earnest (2009-04-28). "Punch-Out!! Website Teases New Mystery Fighter". Wired. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Csatari, Jeff (May 1989). "Electronics". Boys' Life. p. 15. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Caoili, Eric (2009-05-18). "U-Force Power Games ROMs Released". GameSetWatch. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Castro, Radford (2004). Let me play: stories of gaming and emulation. Hats Off Books. p. 52. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Suprak, Nikola (2013-07-27). "FINAL BOSS FROM PUNCH-OUT COULDN’T BEAT THE FIRST". Hardcore Gamer. Retrieved 2013-09-20.
- McWhertor, Michael (2009-05-19). "Punch-Out!! Review: Call It A Comeback". Kotaku. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "The 7 Best Second Quests". GamePro. 2009-06-19. Archived from the original on 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Sharkey, Scott (2009-05-15). "Punch-Out!! Review for Wii". 1UP.com. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- McShea, Tom (2009-05-18). "Punch-Out!! Review for Wii". GameSpot. Retrieved 2010-08-06.