Gleb Borisovich Axelrod (Russian: Глеб Борисович Аксельрод; 11 October 1923, Moscow - 2 October 2003, Hannover) was a Russian pianist.
He was a disciple of Grigory Ginzburg. Axelrod won, ex-aequo with Marina Slesaryeva, the II piano edition of the Prague Spring Festival Competition (1951). In 1955 he obtained a 4th prize at the Concours Long-Thibaud, and two years later he was awarded the inaugural edition of the Vianna da Motta Competition's 2d prize. He subsequently held a professorship at the Moscow Conservatory.