Glenbrook, New South Wales

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Glenbrook
New South Wales
Rlwy stn glenbrook.jpg
Glenbrook railway station
Glenbrook is located in New South Wales
Glenbrook
Glenbrook
Coordinates 33°46′00″S 150°37′10″E / 33.76667°S 150.61944°E / -33.76667; 150.61944Coordinates: 33°46′00″S 150°37′10″E / 33.76667°S 150.61944°E / -33.76667; 150.61944
Population 4,945 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 2773
Location 70 km (43 mi) west of Sydney
LGA(s) City of Blue Mountains
Federal Division(s) Macquarie
Localities around Glenbrook:
Blaxland Blaxland
Glenbrook
Lapstone
Overlooking Glenbrook Creek and the Blue Mountains line
Ilford House, Wascoe Street
Bonnie Doone, Moore Street

Glenbrook is a suburb of the Lower Blue Mountains of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 70 kilometres west of Sydney in the local government area of the City of Blue Mountains. At the 2011 census, Glenbrook had a population of 4,945 people.[1]

Glenbrook lies between Lapstone and Blaxland at an elevation of 163 m (535 ft) and is approximately an hour's drive from Sydney. It is home to a large number of tourist attractions, recreational opportunities and native flora and fauna.

The suburb takes its name from Glenbrook Creek, which is on the southern side of the village and must be crossed to enter the Blue Mountains National Park. Glenbrook retains many historical homes and buildings throughout the village, although most homes are occupied and not open to the public.

History[edit]

Glenbrook took its name from Glenbrook Creek but was originally known as Watertank, when a stop opened here on the original "little" zigzag railway line. A pipe-line brought water from Glenbrook Lagoon to a tank beside the line, from which the engines could be refilled. The Lagoon itself had been dammed up to hold more water for the trains. Around 1870, a small loop siding was built for trains to pass each other and the name was changed to Wascoe's Siding, referring to its connection with the railway stopping point of Wascoe (now Blaxland). In 1878, Sir Alfred Stephen, Chief Justice and Privy Councillor, decided to give the station a proper name and called it Brookdale, "because the place was well watered". One year later, amid a general renaming, the station was given the name of the nearby creek, Glenbrook, which Sir John Jamison thought came from Regents Glen. When the village was officially proclaimed, six years later, it took the name of the station.

The little zigzag opened near Glenbrook in 1867, a part of the ascent of Lapstone Hill on a gradient of 1 in 30–33, which was built up the side of the range with comparatively light earthwork, although it includes the substantial seven-span sandstone Knapsack Viaduct. This was later widened to carry the old Great Western Highway, when the deviation around the little Zig Zag was built, but it is now part of a walking trail on the old railway/highway alignment, including a memorial to the engineer in charge of the construction of the Blue Mountains line and many other early railways, John Whitton. The abandoned Glenbrook tunnel was used to store mustard gas during World War II.[2][3][4][5] On 28 January 1941, an Avro Anson of No. 1 Air Navigation School, Parkes crashed near Glenbrook during a medical evacuation flight from Parkes to the Sydney Airport.[6] All five crew members were killed.[6]

Lennox Bridge built in 1833 and designed by Scottish stonemason David Lennox is the oldest surviving stone bridge on the Australian mainland. In 1999, the town was associated with the Glenbrook train disaster. Since 2005, the suburb has been the home of The Australian Gnome Convention organised by the local Rotary Club and held on Australia Day each year. Owners of garden gnomes display their garden decorations and compete for various awards to raise funds for charities.[7]

Transport[edit]

Glenbrook railway station is on the Blue Mountains Line of the NSW TrainLink intercity network. Also, the Great Western Highway passes through the town.

Landmarks[edit]

  • RAAF Base Glenbrook is the home of Headquarters Air Command. The Officer's Mess at RAAF Glenbrook is actually the old Lapstone Hotel. Built in the 1930s, it has been restored and the interior re-modelled, albeit only slightly due to its historical status. The outside remains unaltered.
  • Two fire brigade stations, one which falls under the jurisdiction of the volunteer Rural Fire Service as well as a 'retained' New South Wales Fire Brigades station (station 301).
  • Lennox Bridge (AD 1833) – the oldest surviving stone arch bridge in mainland Australia
  • Glenbrook Public School (1892, originally in Glenbrook Park, later moved to Park Street), is heritage-listed
  • The old Zig Zag railway (bushwalk rail trail) and a tunnel entrance (1892)
  • Glenbrook Lagoon is heritage-listed
  • Glenbrook Oval
  • Glenbrook Park (1884) and stone gate are heritage-listed
  • Whitton Park
  • Knapsack Oval
  • Mount Sion Park
  • Sir Douglas Smith Park
  • Glenbrook Native Plant Reserve
  • Wascoe Siding Train Park
  • Glenbrook Swim Centre
  • Glenbrook Cinema
  • Ilford House (1884), Wascoe Street (heritage-listed)
  • Briarcliffe, Great Western Highway (heritage-listed)
  • Bonnie Doone (1905), Moore Street (heritage-listed)
  • Glenbrook Cottage (1916), Park Street (heritage-listed)
  • Former School of Music, Hare Street (heritage-listed)

Gallery[edit]

Recreation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Glenbrook (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Deadly chemicals hidden in war cache – Sydney Morning Herald
  3. ^ Author lifts lid on chemical wartime history – Blue Mountains Gazette
  4. ^ Glenbrook's secret history – Blue Mountains Gazette
  5. ^ Chemical Warfare in Australia
  6. ^ a b Dunn, Peter. "CRASH OF AN AVRO ANSON AT GLENBROOK, NSW ON 28 JANUARY 1941". www.ozatwar.com. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  7. ^ Australian Gnome Convention – Official Website
  8. ^ Glenbrook Cinema – Official Website
  • Aston, N. (1988) Rails, Roads & Ridges: History of Lapstone Hill-Glenbrook. Glenbrook Public School Centenary Committee. ISBN 0-9588163-1-X

External links[edit]

Media related to Glenbrook, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons