Glendale, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the community in Humboldt County, see Glendale, Humboldt County, California.
Glendale, California
City
City of Glendale
View of Glendale from Forest Lawn Memorial Park
View of Glendale from Forest Lawn Memorial Park
Flag of Glendale, California
Flag
Official seal of Glendale, California
Seal
Nickname(s): The Jewel City
Location of Glendale within County of Los Angeles and the State of California.
Location of Glendale within County of Los Angeles and the State of California.
Glendale, California is located in California
Glendale, California
Glendale, California
Location in California
Coordinates: 34°10′15″N 118°15′0″W / 34.17083°N 118.25000°W / 34.17083; -118.25000Coordinates: 34°10′15″N 118°15′0″W / 34.17083°N 118.25000°W / 34.17083; -118.25000
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated February 15, 1906[1]
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council[3] Mayor Zareh Sinanyan
Laura Friedman
Dave Weaver
Ara Najarian
Paula Devine
 • City Attorney Michael J. Garcia
 • City Treasurer Rafi Manoukian
 • City Manager Scott Ochoa[2]
Area[4]
 • Total 30.583 sq mi (79.212 km2)
 • Land 30.453 sq mi (78.874 km2)
 • Water 0.130 sq mi (0.338 km2)  0.43%
Elevation[5] 522 ft (159 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 196,021
 • Rank 3rd in Los Angeles County
22nd in California
120th in the United States
 • Density 6,400/sq mi (2,500/km2)
  [6]
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 91201-91210, 91221, 91222, 91225, 91226
Area code(s) 818
FIPS code 06-30000
GNIS feature ID 1660679
Website glendaleca.gov

Glendale /ˈɡlɛndl/ is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The 2013 estimates show that the population was 196,021 [6] making it the third largest city in Los Angeles County and the 22nd largest city in the state of California.

Glendale lies at the eastern end of the San Fernando Valley, bisected by the Verdugo Mountains, and is a suburb in the Greater Los Angeles Area. The city is bordered to the northwest by the Sun Valley and Tujunga neighborhoods of Los Angeles; to the northeast by La Cañada Flintridge and the unincorporated area of La Crescenta; to the west by Burbank and Griffith Park; to the east by Eagle Rock and Pasadena; to the south by the Atwater Village neighborhood of Los Angeles; and to the southeast by Glassell Park neighborhood of Los Angeles. The Golden State, Ventura, Glendale, and Foothill freeways run through the city.

Glendale has one of the largest communities of Armenian descent in the United States. The city's Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery contains the remains of many noted celebrities and local residents.

History[edit]

The Glendale area in the 1870s.

The area was long inhabited by the Tongva people (or "People of the Earth"), who were later renamed the Gabrieleños by the Spanish missionaries, after the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel.

In 1798, José María Verdugo, a corporal in the Spanish army from Baja California, received the Rancho San Rafael from Governor Diego de Borica, formalizing his possession and use of land on which he had been grazing livestock and farming since 1784. Rancho San Rafael was a Spanish concession, of which 25 were made in California. Unlike the later Mexican land grants, the concessions were similar to grazing permits, with the title remaining with the Spanish crown.[7]

In 1860, his grandson Teodoro Verdugo built the Verdugo Adobe, which is the oldest building in Glendale. The property is the location of the Oak of Peace where early Californio leaders including Pio Pico met in 1847 and decided to surrender to Lieutenant Colonel John C. Frémont.

Verdugo's descendants sold the ranch in various parcels, some of which are included in present-day Atwater Village, Eagle Rock, and Highland Park neighborhoods of Los Angeles.

Glendale, 1910.

In 1884, residents gathered to form a town and chose the name "Glendale". Residents to the southwest formed "Tropico" in 1887. The Pacific Electric Railway brought streetcar service in 1904.[citation needed]

Glendale incorporated in 1906, and annexed Tropico 12 years later. An important civic booster of the era was Leslie Coombs Brand (1859–1925), who built an estate in 1904 called El Miradero featuring an eye-catching mansion whose architecture combined characteristics of Spanish, Moorish, and Indian styles, copied from the East Indian Pavilion at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition (World's Fair) held in Chicago, which he visited. Brand loved to fly, and built a private airstrip in 1919 and hosted "fly-in" parties, providing a direct link to the soon-to-be-built nearby Grand Central Airport. The grounds of El Miradero are now city-owned Brand Park and the mansion is the Brand Library, according to the terms of his will.[8] Brand partnered with Henry E. Huntington to bring the Pacific Electric Railway, or the "Red Cars," to the area. Today, he is memorialized by one of the city's main thoroughfares, Brand Boulevard.

Looking south on Brand Blvd, 1915.

The city's population rose from 13,756 in 1920 to 62,736 in 1930. The Forest Lawn Memorial Park opened in 1917. Pioneering endocrinologist and entrepreneur Henry R. Harrower opened his clinic in Glendale in 1920, which for many years was the largest business in the city. The American Green Cross, an early conservation and tree preservation society, was formed in 1926 (it disbanded three years later and the current organization of that name is unrelated). In 1964, Glendale was selected by George Lincoln Rockwell to be the West Coast headquarters of the American Nazi Party. Its offices, on Colorado Street in the downtown section of the city, remained open until the early 1980s.

In 1977 and 1978 ten murdered women were found in and around Glendale in what became known as the case of the Hillside Strangler. The murders were the work of Kenneth Bianchi and Angelo Buono, the latter of whom resided at 703 East Colorado Street where most of the murders took place.[9]

Geography[edit]

Glendale from Griffith Park in the southwest, with the San Gabriel Mountains in the background and the Verdugo Hills on the extreme left.

Glendale is located at the juncture of two large valleys, the San Fernando and the San Gabriel. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 79.212 km2 (30.6 sq mi). 30.5 square miles (79 km2) of it is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) of it (0.43%) is water. It is bordered to the north by the foothill communities of La Cañada Flintridge, La Crescenta, and Tujunga; to the south by the Atwater Village community incorporated by the city of Los Angeles; to the east by Pasadena and Eagle Rock (also incorporated within Los Angeles); and to the west by the city of Burbank. Glendale is located 10 miles (16 km) north of Downtown Los Angeles.[10]

Geology[edit]

Several known earthquake faults criss-cross the Glendale area and adjacent mountains, as in much of southern California. Among the more recognized faults are the Sierra Madre and Hollywood faults, situated in the city's northern and southwestern portions, respectively. Additionally, the Verdugo and Raymond faults intersect through the city's central and southeastern areas. The San Gabriel fault, meanwhile, is located northeast of the city. Roughly 75 miles (121 km) northeast of Glendale is a major portion of the San Andreas Fault known as the "Big Bend," where quake-recurrence tracking shows major activity roughly every 140–160 years. The closest portion of the San Andreas is actually 29 miles (47 km) from Glendale. The last major quake along the southern San Andreas was recorded in 1857.

In the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, which took place along the western edge of the Sierra Madre fault, there were surface ruptures nearly 12 miles (19 km) long, including one portion a few miles northwest of Glendale. Most of the damage was in the northern San Fernando Valley, though 31 structures in Glendale suffered major damage and had to be demolished, plus numerous chimneys collapsed. The 1994 Northridge earthquake had an epicenter about 18 miles (29 km) from Glendale. The city suffered severe damage to a public parking structure and sections of the Glendale Galleria parking structures and exterior columns incurred damages.[11]

Climate[edit]

Glendale has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). The highest recorded temperature in Glendale was 110 °F (43 °C) on several occasions. The lowest recorded temperature was 17 °F (−8 °C) in February 2003. The warmest month is August and the coolest month is January. The rainfall is highest in February and lowest in July. The hills and mountains of northern Glendale very rarely see snow, owing to its warmer temperatures during the winter. It may only occur about every five to ten years. The last time it snowed was February 26, 2011. Snow accumulations around 3 inches were present. Sleet was present as well. Frost is common from late November to early March. Temperatures as low as 30° do occur during the winter, but only once or twice. Heavy rains and thunderstorms are also common during the winter time. The spring times bring pleasant weather, with very little rain. The summer months are usually fairly warm, with highs from 85, up into the low 100's. The highest temperature ever was 110. Summer can sometimes bring monsoon thunderstorms with it. Humidity can be very low, but it can also be very high, causing very steamy, muggy, and uncomfortable conditions. These days cause heat indices over 120°. Fall brings nice weather, but these months are very windy due to the Santa Ana Winds, blowing in once or twice a year from October to December. The Santa Ana's bring very gusty winds. These winds can reach up to 60 or 70 miles per hour, with gusts up to 100 in mountain passes and canyons. There are anywhere from one to seven or eight thunderstorms in Glendale per year. Very rarely are they severe, however when they are, they're accompanied by gusty winds and hail.[12]

Climate data for Glendale, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 93
(34)
92
(33)
96
(36)
105
(41)
102
(39)
110
(43)
110
(43)
107
(42)
110
(43)
108
(42)
98
(37)
93
(34)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 68
(20)
70
(21)
71
(22)
76
(24)
78
(26)
84
(29)
89
(32)
91
(33)
89
(32)
83
(28)
74
(23)
68
(20)
78.4
(25.8)
Average low °F (°C) 44
(7)
46
(8)
47
(8)
50
(10)
53
(12)
57
(14)
61
(16)
62
(17)
61
(16)
55
(13)
48
(9)
44
(7)
52.3
(11.4)
Record low °F (°C) 23
(−5)
17
(−8)
23
(−5)
34
(1)
37
(3)
41
(5)
45
(7)
48
(9)
44
(7)
37
(3)
29
(−2)
26
(−3)
17
(−8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.48
(113.8)
5.00
(127)
4.38
(111.3)
1.22
(31)
0.45
(11.4)
0.21
(5.3)
0.05
(1.3)
0.21
(5.3)
0.48
(12.2)
0.65
(16.5)
1.50
(38.1)
2.46
(62.5)
21.09
(535.7)
Source: [13]

Economy[edit]

According to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the city are as follows (with number of employees given):

# Employer # of Employees
1 Glendale Adventist Medical Center 2,424
2 City of Glendale 2,021
3 Glendale Unified School District 1,830
4 Dreamworks Animation 1,531
5 Diagnostic Laboratories 1,370
6 Glendale Memorial Medical Center 1,196
7 Glenair Inc 1,180
8 Nestle Company 1,100
9 Glendale Community College 897
10 USC-Verdugo Hills Hospital 727

Industry and development[edit]

801 North Brand, one of Glendale's many modern skyscrapers. Companies like Nestle, Great West Life, Citi, Unum, and Cigna have offices downtown.

Grand Central Airport was a municipal airport developed from 1923 which became the largest employer in Glendale for many years, and contributed to the development of aviation in the United States in many important ways. The main terminal building still stands and includes both art deco and Spanish style architectural elements. The facility was the first official terminal for the Los Angeles area as well as the departure point for the first commercial west to east transcontinental flight flown by Charles Lindbergh. During World War II, the Grand Central Air Terminal building was camouflaged to protect it from enemy targeting. It was closed down in 1959, and made way for the Grand Central Business Park.

Forest Lawn Memorial Park started in Tropico (later annexed to Glendale) in 1906 and is famous for its art collection and the burial of many celebrities as well as for the 1933 opening of the first funeral home on cemetery grounds anywhere in the United States.[15] The Bob's Big Boy chain of hamburger restaurants started in Glendale on East Colorado in August 1936, and the Baskin-Robbins, "31 Flavors" chain of ice cream parlors started in Adams Square in 1945. The Glendale Public Library[16] on Harvard Street houses its "Special Collections" department which contains original documents and records on much of the history of Glendale. It also contains one of the largest collections of books on cats in the world, over 20,000 volumes.[17] It was donated to the library in the 1950s by the Jewel City Cat Fanciers Club, with the understanding that it would be made into a special collection and kept permanently for club members to use and enjoy.[18]

The city experienced significant development in the 1970s, with the completion of the Glendale Freeway (Highway 2) and the Ventura Freeway (Highway 134). This included redevelopment of Brand Boulevard, renovation of the 1925 Alex Theatre, and construction of the Glendale Galleria shopping mall which opened in 1976, and was further expanded in 1982.

Several large companies have offices in Glendale. The U.S. headquarters of the Swiss foods multinational Nestlé and International House of Pancakes are located in Glendale. The Los Angeles regional office of California's State Compensation Insurance Fund is in Glendale. Americas United Bank was founded in Glendale in 2006 and is still headquartered there. Nero AG, the software company that makes Nero Burning ROM, also has its main North American subsidiary located in Glendale. Panda Security, a large antivirus software company, also has its principal U.S. office in Glendale. Neopets, Inc., a company that created the popular virtual pet website, Neopets, is located in the city (it was sold in 2005 to Viacom). In August 2013, Avery Dennison Corp., a label maker for major brands, announced plans to move its headquarters from Pasadena, California to Glendale.[19] Avery employs approximately 26,000 people.

Glendale, along with its neighbor Burbank, has served as a major production center for the U.S. entertainment industry and the U.S. animation industry in particular for several decades. The reason is that The Walt Disney Company outgrew its Burbank studio lot in the early 1960s, and started expanding into the closest business park available, which happened to be Glendale's Grand Central Business Park about two miles east. First came the headquarters for Imagineering, followed in the 1980s by other divisions and offices. Today, Disney's Grand Central Creative Campus (known as GC3 for short) is home to Consumer Products, Disney Interactive, The Muppets Studio, and Marvel Animation Studios.[20] From 1985 to 1995, Walt Disney Animation Studios (then known as Walt Disney Feature Animation) was headquartered in the Grand Central Business Park, meaning that most of the films of the Disney Renaissance era were actually developed in Glendale. DisneyToon Studios, a division of WDAS, is still located in the Grand Central Business Park near GC3, along with the Animation Research Library, Disney Animation's archive. Disney-owned KABC-TV is located on Circle 7 Drive to the south of GC3.

In 1994, Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen formed DreamWorks SKG, a diversified entertainment company. DreamWorks Animation remains located in the city's Grand Central Business Park on land formerly occupied by a helicopter landing base next to the old airfield (and next to KABC-TV). Thus, many American animators who worked on feature films in the 1990s and 2000s have spent large portions of their careers in Glendale working for Disney or DreamWorks.

In 2005, construction began near the Galleria of developer Rick Caruso's "Americana at Brand", a 15.5-acre (63,000 m2) outdoor shopping and residential community. Caruso had previously designed and built The Grove at Farmers Market. The new Glendale development was opened to the public on May 2, 2008, and features 75 shops and restaurants, 238 apartments, 100 condominiums, and a Pacific Theatres 18-plex Cinema which seats 3000 people.[21]

A 2011 study by an outside consulting organization hired by the city showed that people felt Glendale was boring, even though many beloved animated films have been created by Disney and DreamWorks in Glendale. After seeing the results of the study, the Glendale City Council voted to appropriate $1 million to undertake an image campaign based on the tagline: “Your Life. Animated.” [22]

Shopping[edit]

Glendale has a wide selection for shoppers, one being the Glendale Galleria, which is anchored by Macy's, Target, J. C. Penney and Bloomingdales, and the Americana at Brand, which is an upscale outdoor mall (similar to The Grove at Farmers Market in L.A.) which includes stores such as Tiffany & Co., H&M, Armani Exchange, True Religion, Forever 21 and Urban Outfitters.[23] The Americana at Brand is home to a Nordstrom, which was previously located inside the Glendale Galleria. Another shopping area is the Glendale Fashion Center, which is anchored by Ross, TJ Maxx, Nordstrom Rack, Staples, and Petco. Shopping can also be done at Montrose Shopping Park in North Glendale. The shopping park runs down Honolulu Avenue and is filled with many stores and restaurants.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,746
1920 13,536 392.9%
1930 62,736 363.5%
1940 82,582 31.6%
1950 95,702 15.9%
1960 119,442 24.8%
1970 132,664 11.1%
1980 139,060 4.8%
1990 180,038 29.5%
2000 194,973 8.3%
2010 191,719 −1.7%
Est. 2013 196,021 [24] 2.2%

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[25] reported that Glendale had a population of 191,719. The population density was 6,268.6 people per square mile (2,420.3/km²). The racial makeup of Glendale was 136,226 (71.1%) White, 2,573 (1.3%) Black, 531 (0.3%) Native American, 31,434 (16.4%) Asian (6.9% Filipino, 5.4% Korean, 1.3% Chinese), 122 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 12,146 (6.3%) from other races, and 8,687 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33,414 persons (17.4%). Non-Hispanic Whites were 61.5% of the population.[26]

The census reported that 190,290 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 223 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,206 (0.6%) were institutionalized. There were 72,269 households, out of which 21,792 (30.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 37,486 (51.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 8,908 (12.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,693 (5.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,359 (3.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 605 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 18,021 households (24.9%) were made up of individuals and 7,077 (9.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63. There were 50,087 families (69.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.19.

In terms of age, the population contained 35,732 people (18.6%) under the age of 18, 16,609 people (8.7%) aged 18 to 24, 54,518 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 54,942 people (28.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 29,918 people (15.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.0 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.

There were 76,269 housing units at an average density of 2,493.8 per square mile (962.8/km²), of which 27,535 (38.1%) were owner-occupied, and 44,734 (61.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.5%. 76,769 people (40.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 113,521 people (59.2%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Glendale had a median household income of $54,369, with 12.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[27]

2000[edit]

As of the census[28] of 2000, there were 194,973 people, 71,805 households, and 49,617 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,362.2 inhabitants per square mile (2,456.1/km²). There were 73,713 housing units at an average density of 2,405.3 per square mile (928.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.6% White, 1.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 16.1% Asian American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.6% from other races, and 10.1% from two or more races. 19.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 71,805 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,805, and the median income for a family was $47,633. Males had a median income of $39,709 versus $33,815 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,227. About 13.6% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.7% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

In June 2000 Erin Texeira of the Los Angeles Times stated that according to data from the US Census and the City of Glendale, the populations were about 30% Armenians, 25% other White, 25% Latino and Hispanic, and 16% Asian.[10]

Armenian population[edit]

Armenian families have lived in the city since the 1920s, but the surge in immigration escalated in the 1970s. Armenian-Americans are well integrated into the city, with many businesses, several Armenian schools, and ethnic/cultural organizations serving this ethnic group. Most of the Armenians in Glendale arrived in the city in the last two decades. The city of Glendale is home to one of the largest Armenian communities outside of Armenia.

Beginning in the late 1980s, with assistance from family and friends already there, Armenians from the former Soviet Union began arriving.[10] In the Glendale Unified School District, by 1988 they along with students from the Middle East had become the largest ethnic group in the public schools, now having a larger number than the Latinos.[29] Glendale became the municipality with the largest number of ethnic Armenians other than Yerevan. Rick Young, a Glendale Police Department spokesperson, stated "In five to eight years, the [Armenian] community went from a few thousand to about 40,000."[10] Levon Marashlian, an instructor of Armenian history at Glendale College, stated that in the early 1990s Glendale's Armenian community became the largest in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, surpassing the Armenian community of Hollywood.[10] Alice Petrossian, the GUSD director of intercultural education, stated that Burbank lies within the middle of other Armenian communities, so it attracted Armenians.[29]

A new headquarters of the Armenian National Committee/Western Region opened in 1994.[30] By 1999, about 25% of the population spoke Armenian and there were many Armenian businesses.[31]

According to the United States 2000 Census Glendale is home to 65,343 Armenian-Americans[32] (making up 34.1% of the total population), increasing from 1990 when there were 31,402 Armenian-Americans in the city.[33] As of 2005, one third of Los Angeles' estimated 153,000 Armenians, or 51,000 around a quarter of Glendale's 205,000 residents was Armenian. At that time, Armenians held a majority on the Glendale city council.[34]

As of 2009, one of the five members of Glendale's city council is of Armenian descent—Ara J. Najarian. Former Armenian-American mayors of Glendale include Larry Zarian, Bob Yousefian, Rafi Manoukian, and Ara Najarian.

Some outspoken members of the highly successful Armenian-American rock band, System Of A Down, were based in Glendale at the time of formation. These include singer Serj Tankian and bassist Shavo Odadjian.

In 2014, a reality show about the Armenians in Glendale entitled Glendale Life premiered on USArmenia TV.

Other ethnic groups[edit]

In the 1960s Mexican Americans entered Glendale. In the late 1980s and the early 1990s the amount of Mexican inflow increased. The Mexican population wanted a middle class environment with safety and quality schools.[10]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Peterson House which is on the local historic register.

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $575.6 million in Revenues, $542.8 million in expenditures, $2,089.7 million in total assets, $480.9 million in total liabilities, and $460.4 million in cash and investments.[35]

County representation[edit]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Glendale Health Center in Glendale.[36]

Politics[edit]

In the United States House of Representatives, Glendale is in California's 28th congressional district, represented by Democrat Adam Schiff.[37]

In the state legislature, Glendale is in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Carol Liu, and in the 43rd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mike Gatto.[38]

Law enforcement and services[edit]

Glendale maintains its own police department. The police department operates out of its main station in downtown Glendale,its Downtown substation in the Glendale Galleria and the Montrose substation in Verdugo City. The California Highway Patrol has its Southern Division Headquarters in Glendale near the intersection of the Ventura (134) and Glendale (2) freeways. Glendale also maintains its own class one fire department. Ambulance service is provided by Glendale fire basic life support (BLS) ambulances.

Education[edit]

The Glendale Unified School District operates the public schools in Glendale. The GUSD high schools include Glendale High School, Herbert Hoover High School, Clark Magnet High School, Crescenta Valley High School located in La Crescenta and Allan F. Daily High School. A number of private schools also operate in Glendale, including Chamlian Armenian School,[39] Holy Family High School, Salem Lutheran School and Glendale Adventist Academy. Glendale is also home to Glendale Community College.

Transportation[edit]

Glendale offers many transportation options. LADOT, Metro Local, Metro Rapid and Glendale Beeline all have buses that run in the city. Glendale Transportation Center (GTC) provides connections to Greyhound buses and three train lines. Glendale is also served by four freeways: the Glendale Freeway (State Route 2), the Ventura Freeway (State Route 134), the Foothill Freeway (Interstate 210) and the Golden State Freeway (Interstate 5). Major surface streets in the city include the following: Brand Boulevard, Broadway, Canada Boulevard, Central Avenue, Chevy Chase Drive, Colorado Boulevard, Foothill Boulevard, Glendale Avenue, Glenoaks Boulevard, Grandview Avenue, La Crescenta Avenue, Honolulu Avenue, Pennsylvania Avenue, Riverside Drive, Victory Boulevard, Pacific Avenue, Sonora Avenue, Western Avenue, San Fernando Road, Verdugo Road/Boulevard, Mountain Street, and Ocean View Boulevard.

Notable people[edit]

A number of notable people are natives of or have lived in Glendale, including:

Sister cities[edit]

Currently, Glendale has the following sister cities.[45][46]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Management Services". City of Glendale, CA. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ "City Council". City of Glendale, CA. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ U.S. Census
  5. ^ "Glendale". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  7. ^ Beck, Warren A., Haase, Ynez D. (1974). Historical Atlas of California. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  8. ^ "The Brand legacy, Mansion and Library". Brandlibrary.org. July 28, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  9. ^ Rasmussen, Cecilia (August 17, 1992), Crime Figure, Los Angeles Times, retrieved April 20, 2011 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Texeira, Erin. "Ethnic Friction Disturbs Peace of Glendale." Los Angeles Times. June 25, 2000. p. 1. Retrieved on March 28, 2014.
  11. ^ Ci.glendale.ca City of Glendale report
  12. ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/91205
  13. ^ "Glendale historic weather averages". Intellicast. Retrieved October 9, 2009. 
  14. ^ http://www.glendaleca.gov/home/showdocument?id=9687.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ Kath, Laura, Forest Lawn: The first 100 years, Tropico Press, 2006
  16. ^ "City of Glendale, CA — Library". 
  17. ^ "The 20,000 books ... on cats is the largest such collection in the world." Pitt, Leonard; Dale Pitt (1997). "Glendale". Los Angeles A to Z (1 ed.). Los Angeles: University of California Press. 
  18. ^ Personal communication by Wikipedia editor "JesseW" with Glendale head reference librarian, June 20, 2005 (UTC).
  19. ^ News, Daily (August 3, 2013). "Avery Dennison moving its headquarters from Pasadena to Glendale". Los Angeles Daily News. 
  20. ^ Patten, Dominic (19 September 2012). "http://www.deadline.com/2012/09/marvel-studios-heading-to-walt-disney-company-backyard-the-avengers-thor-captain-america/". Deadline.com. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  21. ^ L.A. Times issue April 25, 2005
  22. ^ Levine, Brittany (November 30, 2011). "Glendale to get 'animated' in image makeover". Glendale News-Press (Glendale, CA). Retrieved December 1, 2011. 
  23. ^ Americanabrand.com
  24. ^ "Glendale (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  25. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Glendale city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Glendale (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 8, 2012. 
  27. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0630000.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  29. ^ a b Clifford, Frank and Anne C. Roark. "Racial Lines in County Blur but Could Return : Population: Times study of census finds communities far more mixed. Some experts fear new ethnic divisions." Los Angeles Times. May 6, 1991. p. 2. Retrieved on March 24, 2014.
  30. ^ Ryfle, Steve. "GLENDALE : Armenian Center to Celebrate Opening." Los Angeles Times. October 27, 1994. Retrieved on March 28, 2014.
  31. ^ Gettleman, Jeffrey. "Armenian Artists Stranded in Glendale." Los Angeles Times. February 6, 1999. Retrieved on March 28, 2014.
  32. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "U.S. Census Bureau – Ancestry:2010 – Glendale city, California". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  33. ^ "Armenian Population Up Valley, Glendale And Burbank Show Big Percentage Hikes". Thefreelibrary.com. September 8, 2002. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  34. ^ Shields, Nicholas. "Armenians Will Hold a Majority on Glendale Council." Los Angeles Times. April 7, 2005. Retrieved on March 28, 2014.
  35. ^ City of Glendale CAFR. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  36. ^ "Glendale Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  37. ^ "California's 28th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  38. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Vahan & Anoush Chamlian Armenian School". Chamlian.org. March 24, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  40. ^ Leahey, Andrew. "Ashlyne Huff - Biography". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 20 August 2010. 
  41. ^ Dan Miller (August 21, 2009). "Up Close with Julia Ann". AVN. Retrieved October 31, 2009. 
  42. ^ Glick, Shav (October 20, 1987). "Auto Races Once Again Replacing Horse Races – Rex Mays' Death at Del Mar Track Is Not Forgotten". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 22, 2010. "Mays, a handsome 6-footer who was born and raised in Riverside and spent most of his adult years in Glendale," 
  43. ^ "Scott Radinsky Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Rock singer arrested in Glendale on domestic assault warrant". 
  45. ^ Glendale Sister City Program[dead link]
  46. ^ Hicken, Melanie, "Mayor Returns from Korea", Glendale News Press, Glendale, August 31, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-31.

External links[edit]