Glendale, Salt Lake City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 40°44′N 111°55′W / 40.733°N 111.917°W / 40.733; -111.917 Glendale is a neighborhood on the West side of Salt Lake City, Utah. Glendale is situated South of the Rose Park, Fair Park, and Poplar Grove neighborhoods. The neighborhood was originally developed as Glendale Gardens[1] which is where Glendale Middle School derives its name. Mountain View Elementary (which is situated next to Glendale Middle School) was originally named Glendale Elementary. Glendale, and neighboring Poplar Grove, Fair Park, & Rose Park enjoy a vibrant multi ethnic environment. Residents of Glendale enjoy the community's diversity, friendliness, pride in community, and authenticity of fellow residents. Those who live in Glendale also cite it as affordable, and conveniently close to local schools, parks, the airport, and downtown Salt Lake City.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The Glendale neighborhood is the area west of Interstate 15 to the western Salt Lake City boundary. Glendale's southern edge borders the City of South Salt Lake at SR-201 and extends North to approximately 950 S.[3][4] North of Glendale is Poplar Grove. Both neighborhoods make up most of zip code 84104[5] and are within Salt Lake City Council District 2.[6]

Poplar Grove broke off from Glendale in the 1990s,[citation needed] following Salt Lake City Neighborhood guidelines by submitting paperwork to the City Council for approval. Being the first neighborhood in Salt Lake City to change the original set boundaries,[citation needed] Poplar Grove now has its own community council with elected board members.

Poplar Grove boundaries as described by Poplar Grove Community Council

  • East — Interstate 15
  • West — 5600 West [Salt Lake City limits]
  • South — 950 South (actually, the railroad line or 9-line trail)
  • North — North Temple

Glendale boundaries as described by the Glendale Community Council

  • East — Interstate 15
  • West — 5600 West [Salt Lake City limits][6]
  • South — State Route 201
  • North — 950 South (actually, the railroad line or 9-line trail)

Development[edit]

Historical aerial photographs of Glendale, Salt Lake City, Utah
Historical aerial photographs of the Glendale neighborhood from 1937 (left) and 1958 (right), showing the level of development from 1937 to 1958.

Historical Development[edit]

Prior to 1930[edit]

Some of the first homesteaders to settle in what is now the Glendale neighborhood were the George Q. Cannon family. The George Q. and Caroline Cannon House is a Victorian-style brick house at 1354 South and 1000 West and was built in 1876.[7] There are maps, photography, property descriptions, and paintings documenting the development of this area. On May 31, 1896, the Latter-day Saint Cannon Ward was established by members of the Cannon family, serving the area between 600 West to the west, Redwood Road to the east, Indiana Avenue to the north, and 2700 South to the south.[8] As of December 31, 1900, the Cannon Ward contained 61 families consisting of 331 people, 81 of which were children.[8]

In the 1890s several industries were established near the northeast corner of what is now Glendale (950 S and 600 W), including a brickyard, brewery, biscuit factory, salt works, and soup factory.[9] In the early 20th century, railroad tracks bisected Salt Lake City. Industry and rail works isolated residential areas of the west side of Salt Lake City. The isolation and proximity to industry caused the residential areas to become working-class neighborhoods. Before the 1930s, Salt Lake City was highly polluted, having hazy air, and the Jordan River was used a sewage disposal canal, making it a less desirable place to live near.[10]

There are several houses on the east side of the Jordan River on present day California Avenue that were built prior to 1930.[11]

Between 1930 and 1960[edit]

Based on aerial photography, a significant amount of residential development occurred in the Glendale neighborhood from 1937 to 1958, which is coincident with the post-World War II expansion. The first major subdivisions built in Glendale were built in the 1940s and early 1950s.[11][12] The early subdivisions built where part of the Glendale Gardens housing project, built to accommodate a large influx of families moving to Utah for the war effort, associated with the relocation of the Ninth Service Command to Fort Douglas, Utah.[1]

The area south of California Avenue, east of 1200 West, and west of the Jordan River, was developed from 1947 to 1952.[11] The area north of California Avenue and south of Glendale Drive was also developed at this time.[11]

The main development in the western, industrial part of Glendale was the Utah Ordnance Plant. This area was operated by the Remington Corporation. In 1941, several buildings were constructed within the Utah Ordnance Plant area for the purpose of producing World War II ammunition. The Utah Ordnance Plant was in operation from 1942 to 1943 and was in standby from 1944 to 1946. The area was decommissioned and sold after 1946.[13]

Post 1960[edit]

The Glendale area continued to develop to its present status. Most of the present apartment complexes were built during this time .[11] ISalt Lake County worked with the Utah division of Parks to establish the Jordan River Parkway during this time.[1]

Level of Development as of 2012[edit]

Of the 7601 acres of zoned land within Glendale's boundaries, 7.5% (571 acres) is commercial, 56.7% (4309 acres) is manufacturing/industrial, 28.8% (2189 acres) is special purpose (open space, public land, and agriculture), and 7% (532 acres) is residential.[4][14] As of 2010, Glendale has a population of 9962 people living in 2751 houses.[4][15]

Post-2012 Development[edit]

The preliminary West Salt Lake City master plan outlines many improvements for the west side of Salt Lake City, including improvements to the area's entrances, upholding property maintenance standards, improving bicycle access, and improving the appearance of roads in the neighborhoods.[16] Bordering the north extent of the Glendale neighborhood, the 9 Line Trail is a new trail network connecting West Salt Lake City to the rest of the city.[17]

Demand for real estate in the Glendale area, as of 2012 is above average for the U.S., and may signal increase in value of the area.[18]

Neighborhood[edit]

Glendale is a neighborhood full of diversity. There are more than 17 different languages spoken in Glendale.[19]

Schools[edit]

Parks[edit]

Glendale has 10 parks, totaling about 88 acres:[20]

Most of Glendale's parks, with the exceptions of Glendale Circle and Nelli Jack parks, are adjacent to the Jordan River. The International Peace Gardens park was conceived in 1939, dedicated in 1952, and has areas dedicated to 27 different countries.[21] Jordan Park is West Salt Lake's largest park and hosts the People's Market, a weekly market inspired by Kyle LaMalfa where locals can buy and sell a variety of items.[22][23][24][25] The Jordan River Parkway connects several west Salt Lake City neighborhoods, and the Jordan River is considered an important asset to many of West Salt Lake's citizens.[26] Glendale also has an 18-hole municipal golf course.[27]

Businesses[edit]

Glendale contains several businesses. Some notable businesses are listed below in the various categories.

Restaurants[edit]

This is not a complete list of restaurants in the area. Large (interstate) franchise restaurants were excluded for brevity. Mention on this list should not be considered an endorsement.

Retail[edit]

Other Attractions[edit]

Glendale is home of Sorenson Unity Center, a community resource and gathering place where all cultures are celebrated and welcomed. The Sorenson Unity Center hosts art exhibits, cultural events, film, and other events.[29] The center also houses a fitness center for community members.[30] The center also has computer center, a robotics club, a music studio for teens, and a number of other youth programs.[31] The center also hosts the Unity Gardens, a community garden space.

Glendale also has Seven Peaks (formerly Raging Waters) water park, which has a wave pool and several slides.

Glendale is home to Wasatch Commons, one of the only cohousing projects in Utah.[32]

Glendale also has one of the sites where the movie, "The Sandlot" was filmed. The site is located between Glenrose Drive and Navajo Street.

Crime[edit]

Going back as far as the 1970s, Glendale has had a reputation as one of the most crime-ridden areas in Salt Lake City and has long been considered the hub of gang activity in the Salt Lake metropolitan area.[citation needed] However, based on data from February 1 to August 1, 2012, crime in Glendale is comparable to crime in Rose Park, Poplar Grove, and Liberty Wells neighborhoods, and is significantly lower than crime in the Downtown neighborhood.[4][33][34]

Prior to the 1990s, many who did not live on Salt Lake City's West Side referred to the entire area as the West Side. In fact, many residents simply called themselves "West Siders". Although there has long been a rivalry between Glendale and Rose Park and at times there were gang-related conflicts, the rivalry was mostly friendly and centered around the high schools South High (which served Glendale and was closed in 1988) and West High (which serves Rose Park and the surrounding areas to this day). The Glendale area became part of the East High boundaries after South High was shut down.[citation needed]

In the late 1980s some Crip gangs and Surenos gangs (both of which wear blue as a trademark) moved into the Glendale area. As a result, many local gangs took up Crip or Surenos affiliations. Not long after, a number of gangs also began wearing red and took on Blood and eventually Nortenos identities (although a number of gangs have remained independent).[citation needed] As the situation evolved, the Glendale/Poplar Grove area on the South side came to be thought of as a predominantly blue area, while Rose Park/Fair Park on the North side have come to be known as predominantly red, though there are exceptions in both circumstances.[citation needed] This polarization of color affiliation has transformed a formerly friendly rivalry into a deadly one which has contributed greatly to the violent crime rate of the affected areas.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sillitoe, Linda, 1996, Welcoming the World - A History of Salt Lake County, Salt Lake County, pgs. 161-162.
  2. ^ The Glendale Community Partnership on behalf of University Neighborhood Partners, 2005, Understanding Community Participation in the Glendale Neighborhood, online research report, pg. 7.
  3. ^ Salt Lake City, 2012, Salt Lake City’s Community Planning Districts, online document, accessed August, 2012
  4. ^ a b c d Salt Lake City Engineering Division, Community Council Districts, online digital GIS file, accessed August, 2012.
  5. ^ Zip Map, 2012, Zip Map, online geospatial database, accessed August, 2012.
  6. ^ a b Salt Lake City, 2012,Salt Lake City Redistricting Information, website, accessed August, 2012
  7. ^ Salt Lake County Assessor, 2012, assessor.slco.org/ Parcel Database - Parcel 15142010010000, online database, accessed, August, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1946, Cannon Ward in Retrospect 1896-1946, online document, accessed, August, 2012.
  9. ^ McCormick, John, The Gathering Place - An Illustrated History of Salt Lake City, Signature Books, pgs. 61-63.
  10. ^ Alexander, T.G., 2001, Grace and Grandeur: A History of Salt Lake City, Heritage Media Corporation, pg 52.
  11. ^ a b c d e Salt Lake County Assessor, 2012, Parcel Database, online database, accessed, August, 2012.
  12. ^ Salt Lake City, 2012, West Salt Lake Master Plan, online document, page 6, accessed, August, 2012.
  13. ^ U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 2005,Utah Ordnance Plant - Facts Sheet, online document, Formerly Used Defense Sites Located In The State of Utah, vol. 5, issue 1.
  14. ^ Salt Lake City Engineering Division, Zoning, online digital GIS file, accessed August, 2012.
  15. ^ U.S. Department of Commerce, 2010, U.S. Census Block Shapefiles with Population and Housing Unit Counts, online digital GIS file, accessed August, 2012.
  16. ^ Planning Division of the Salt Lake City Department of Community and Economic Development, 2012, West Salt Lake Master Plan Draft Document, online digital GIS file, accessed August, 2012.
  17. ^ Salt Lake City, 2012, The 9 Line Corridor Plan, website, accessed August, 2012.
  18. ^ Neighborhoodscout, 2012, Glendale-park, online database, accessed August, 2012.
  19. ^ Utah Cultural Alliance, 2011, Glendale and Marmalade Library Branches moving forward, blog, accessed August, 2012.
  20. ^ Salt Lake City Engineering Division, Parks, online digital GIS file, accessed August, 2012.
  21. ^ Salt Lake Council of Women Past Presidents Council, International Peace Gardens, online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  22. ^ Salt Lake City People's Market, People's Market, online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  23. ^ Salt Lake City Council, Kyle LaMalfa District 2 Bio, online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  24. ^ Kyle LaMalfa, 2012, Kyle LaMalfa Bio, online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  25. ^ City Weekly, 2010, People's Market Hopes To Break Link Between Povery, Obesity, online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  26. ^ Planning Division of the Salt Lake City Department of Community and Economic Development,2012,West Salt Lake Master Plan, online planning commission draft, pg. 32, Accessed August, 2012.
  27. ^ Salt Lake City, 2009, Golf - Glendale, online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  28. ^ Markosian, Richard, 2011, Uinta Brewery,online publication, Utah Stories, accessed August, 2012.
  29. ^ Salt Lake City, 2006, Sorenson Unity Center ,online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  30. ^ Salt Lake City, 2012, Sorenson Multi-Cultural and Unity Fitness Centers ,online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  31. ^ Salt Lake City, 2012, Unity Computer Center ,online webpage, accessed August, 2012.
  32. ^ The Cohousing Association of the United States, 2014, [1], online webpage, accessed July 2014.
  33. ^ Crime Reports, Crime Reports, online geospatial database, accessed August, 2012.
  34. ^ Salt Lake City Police Department, Crime Map,online porthole to geospatial database, accessed August, 2012.