Glenelg River (Victoria)
|Glenelg (Worrewurnin, Bugara,
Barrawy, Barker, Wurru-wurru)
Island and cenotaph
|Name origin: In honour of the Colonial Secretary, Baron Glenelg, Charles Grant|
|States||Victoria, South Australia|
|Regions||Victorian Midlands, Naracoorte Coastal Plain (IBRA), Western Victoria, Limestone Coast, South Australia|
|- right||Wannon River|
|Settlements||Balmoral (V), Harrow (V), Casterton (V), Dartmoor (V), Donovans (SA), Nelson (V)|
|- location||Grampians National Park, Victoria|
|- elevation||759 m (2,490 ft)|
|- location||Nelson, Victoria|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||350 km (217.5 mi) |
|Width||.021 km (0 mi)|
|- average||35 m3/s (Expression error: Missing operand for round. cu ft/s)|
|National parks||Grampians NP, Lower Glenelg NP|
The Glenelg River is a river in southwestern Victoria and southeastern South Australia in Australia. The river starts in the Grampian Ranges and runs for over 350 kilometres (220 mi), making it the longest river in south-west Victoria. A short stretch of the lower end winds through South Australia before returning to Victoria to enter the sea at Nelson. The Glenelg River is a central feature of the Lower Glenelg National Park.
The Glenelg was important to Indigenous Australians. It formed the traditional tribal boundaries for the nomadic Bungandidj people (western bank) and Gunditjmara people (eastern bank) people from two distinct language groups. Little archeological evidence has been found of Bunganditj inhabitation along the river itself, including in the regions many caves, there is strong evidence of their presence in nearby coastal areas. While strong evidence of Gunditjmara activity has been found along the river's eastern hinterland and shell middens discovered may indicate multiple nomadic tribes camping along the river that may have used message sticks to communicate. It is not known how long indigenous Australians had been associated with the river, however it is estimated to have been many thousands of years.
Major Thomas Mitchell was the first European to discover and cross the river in August 1836, noting its width and its suitability for boating, naming it for Colonial Secretary Baron Glenelg, Charles Grant. A cenotaph at Nelson marks the crossing point. The first Europeans arrived in 1840. Thomas Ricketts moved from the Barwon River to the Glenelg and established "Clunie" on its southern boundary. Historians noted the hostility of the Indigenous people of the area who drove Ricketts out of the settlement and conflicted with many others. Addison and Murray from Van Diemen's Land set up the sheep run Dunrobin in January, 1840 after which more than half a dozen squatters others followed, and by the end of the year, many properties had river frontages and the population grew gradually thereafter.
A punt built in 1848 by Henry Kellett at Nelson was the first permanent crossing of the river. In 1860 a body of Mr Hunt and his wife were discovered under a bridge at Casterton, after which Mr Waines was subsequently tried and hanged for the murder. On 1 July 1861, at Chetwynd station, a large tornado occurred reportedly killing a man. In 1866, one of the earliest artists depictions of the river by engraver Frederick Grosse "View of the River Glenelg, South Australia" was published depicting boating among its steep limestone cliffs. The earliest crossings over the Glenelg were at Casterton. The first crossing over the wider reaches of the lower Glenelg was constructed out of wood in 1893 in Nelson. It was replaced by the current steel cantilever bridge in 1963.
|This section requires expansion. (October 2010)|
- Natimuk Hamilton Rd, Kanagulk
- Coleraine-Edenhope Rd, Harrow
- Kandnock-Connewirricoo Rd, Connewirricoo
- Casterton-Edenhope Rd, Kadnook
- Dergholm-Chetwynd Rd, Dergholm
- Warrock Road, Warrock
- Section Road, Dunrobin
- Glenelg Highway, Casterton
- Anderson Street, Casterton
- Sandford-Ballgalah Road, Sandford
- Casterton-Dartmoor Road, Bahgallah
- Myaring-Pieracle Road, Strathdownie
- Greenham Street, Dartmoor
- Railway crossing, Dartmoor
- Princes Highway, Dartmoor
- Portland-Nelson Road, Nelson (1893 wooden; 1963 steel cantilever)
- "Glenelg River: 3050: Traditional Name: Worrewurnin". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Glenelg River: 3050: Traditional Name: Bugara". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Glenelg River: 3050: Traditional Name: Temiangandgeen". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Glenelg River: 3050: Traditional Name: Wurri-wurri". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Glenelg River: 3050: Traditional Name: Barrawy". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Glenelg River: 3050: Traditional Name: Barker". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Glenelg River: 3050: Traditional Name: Wurru-wurru". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Mitchell, Thomas (1838), Three Expeditions into the interior of Eastern Australia (e-book), Vol. 2, London: Boone
- Bird, Eric (12 October 2006). "Place Names on the Coast of Victoria" (PDF). The Australian National Placename Survey (ANPS). Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
- Gleneg River in History. pg.8. The Argus. 19 April 1924
- "THE TORNADO AT CHETWYND STATION" ON JULY 1, 1861. Bell’s Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle. 15 February 1862
- Glenelg River in History. pg.8. The Argus 19 April 1924