Glengoyne distillery

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Glengoyne
Glengoyne Distillery
Glengoyne Distillery
Region: Highland
Location Dumgoyne
Owner Ian Macleod Distillers Ltd
Founded 1833[1]
Status Operational
Water source

Stream water from Dumgoyne

Hill[2]
Number of stills 1 wash still[1]
2 spirit stills[1]
Capacity 1,100,000 litres[1]
Glengoyne Single Malt
Type Single malt
Age(s) 10 Years
12 Years
Cask Strength
15 Years
18 Years
21 Years
Cask type(s) 80% refill
20% First fill sherry wood
ABV 40%–57.2%[3]

Glengoyne Distillery is a whisky distillery continuously in operation since its founding in 1833 at Dumgoyne, north of Glasgow, Scotland. Glengoyne is unique in producing Highland single malt whisky matured in the Lowlands. Located upon the Highland Line, the division between the Highlands and Lowlands of Scotland, Glengoyne’s stills are in the Highlands while maturing casks of whisky rest across the road in the Lowlands. Unlike many malt whisky distilleries, Glengoyne does not use peat smoke to dry their barley, but instead uses warm air.

History[edit]

Illicit stills[edit]

In the early nineteenth century, due to the heavy taxes on spirit production imposed by the government, many whisky producers were forced to operate illegally. The area around Glengoyne was full of hills and forests which provided excellent cover for the distillers. Records show that at least eighteen illicit whisky stills were operating in the area.[4]

In the 1820s an Act of Parliament was passed, which reduced the cost of the license required to distil, and the duty payable on spirit sales.[5] Shortly after the introduction of the 'Excise Act of 1823' (or 'Walsh Act'[5]) the first of these illicit stills came into official existence, with Glengoyne following later in 1833.[4] Although Glengoyne only officially existed from 1833 and no records exist from before this date, it is believed that distilling on the site pre-dates that with a local historian writing that the smoke of "illicit stills" was visible in the area in the early 19th century.[6]

Whisky production[edit]

The distillery began distilling in 1833 and was known as the Burnfoot distillery.[6][7] It was originally owned by George Connell who built the distillery and took out a lease on the surrounding land, on which was built a warehouse which is still in use today.[4] In 1876 the distillery was sold, by Archiball G. MacLellen,[7] to the Lang Brothers who were based in Glasgow.[6][7] It is stated that the Langs intended to name the distillery Glengoyne, but due to a mistake by a clerk it was recorded as Glen Guin.[7] In 1894,[7] or 1905[1] it was changed to Glengoyne which comes from 'Glenguin' or 'Glen of the Wild Geese'.[4]

The distillery remained with the Lang Brothers until taken over by the Robertson & Baxter Group in 1965, who later became the Edrington Group.[1] In 1966 and 1967 the number of stills was increased from two to three as the distillery underwent a rebuilding project.

In 1984 the Lang Brothers became suppliers of whiskies to the then Queen Mother, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth's household. The Royal Warrant has since been delegated to Ian Macleod and is featured on all Glengoyne products.[8]

Glengoyne Distillery

Modern era and expansion[edit]

In April 2003, Ian Macleod Distillers Ltd. acquired Glengoyne Distillery, and the 'Glengoyne Single Malt' and 'Langs Blended Whisky' brands. The acquisition of Glengoyne Distillery meant that Ian Macleod became a fully integrated distiller, blender and bottler. Under Ian Macleod, Glengoyne saw a vast increase in output capacity as well as a similar rise in sales.[3] Speaking of the acquisition and planned expansions in 2003, Leonard Russell, managing director for Ian Macleod stated "We'll be aiming to increase sales of the Glengoyne from the current level of 450,000 litres to one million litres next year".[9] Later, speaking in 2005 Russell stated "we continue to make whisky exactly the same way at Glengoyne".[6] The original warehouse built by George Connell is still be found on the site, as the shop and visitor reception area. Today, Glengoyne has eight working warehouses with a total capacity of nearly two million litres (4.5 million bottles) or spirit.[6]

Production and character[edit]

Glengoyne Distillery is situated at Dumgoyne, on the south-western edge of the Scottish Highlands, close to Loch Lomond and to the north of Glasgow. Although distilled in the Highlands, making Glengoyne a Highland single malt, the whisky is matured in the Lowlands. This is because the distillery itself sits upon the Highland Line, the division between the Highlands and Lowlands of Scotland which splits the distillery in two.[10] The boundary line runs underneath the A81 road from Glasgow to Aberfoyle and passes in front of the distillery with the warehouses located to the southwest of the road.[6] Glengoyne is located immediately adjacent the West Highland Way, the most popular long walk in Scotland, and regularly enjoys visits from hikers.

Glengoyne is regularly referred to as the "most beautiful distillery in Scotland".[6][9][11][12] The distillery has been in continuous operation producing Highland single malt whisky for over 175 years[4] with a current distilling capacity of over one million litres of alcohol and over 35,000 visitors per annum.[13]

Glengoyne, along with The Macallan, is one of only two distilleries remaining today that uses Golden Promise barley which is low in yield but high in quality.[6] The distillery's water supply comes from the Glengoyne Burn which flows from the nearby Dumgoyne hill into the distillery grounds before continuing on to Loch Lomond.[6]

Unlike many malt whiskys Glengoyne does not use peat smoke to dry their barley but instead favours the use of warm air.[14] The clear and bright appearance and distinctive flavour of the Glengoyne single malts are credited to this lack of peat smoke.[15] This rare characteristic is utilised in the marketing of Glengoyne with the use of the promotional slogan "The authentic taste of malt whisky untainted by peat smoke".[16]

As a result of the use of unpeated malt Glengoyne has been noted as being stylistically closer to a Lowland single malt as opposed to a Highland single malt.[6][17][18]

Products[edit]

At its current operating capacity Glengoyne produces over one million litres of pure spirit (new make spirit) every year[1] which is used in a number of different whiskies. The distillery has won various awards for its products including a double gold awarded to the 17 year old Single Malt at the San Francisco World Spirits Competition[19] and a gold for the 15 year old Scottish oak wood finish for "best wood finish" by the Stockholm Beer and Whisky Festival.[19] Glengoyne 17 year old was voted World's Best Single Highland Malt in the "Best of the Best" whisky tasting, organised by "Whisky Magazine".[20]

Due to the rapid growth recently of the Scotch malt whisky industry (recent figures indicate a 9% growth in 2002[9]) and of the premium whisky market as a whole,[9] Glengoyne is mainly marketed in the UK, Scandinavian, French, German and USA markets.[21][22]

Current Range[edit]

Range Aged Cask Finish[23] Awards[23]
Core
Single Malt
10 years Gold at 2007 San Francisco World Spirits Competition
12 years
cask strength
Double Gold at 2005 San Francisco World Spirits Competition
17 years
  • Double Gold at 2003 & 2005 San Francisco World Spirits Competition
  • Gold at 2007 San Francisco World Spirits Competition
  • Best of the Best by Whisky Magazine
  • Gold at International Spirits Challenge 1999, 2005
21 years Gold at 2005 San Francisco World Spirits Competition
32 years N/A
Limited Edition
Single Malt
16 years Glenguin Shiraz Cask
15 years Scottish Oak wood Gold at 2005 Stockholm Beer & Whisky festival

Past range[edit]

Range Aged Cask Finish[23] Number of Bottles[23]
2008 Rare Bottlings
Single Malt
11 years
Single cask
European Oak Sherry Hogshead 301
16 years
Single cask
Refill Hogshead 287
19 years
Single cask
Oloroso Hogshead 262
2007 Rare Bottlings
Single Malt
14 years
Single cask
American Oak Sherry Hogshead 296
20 years
Single cask
Spanish Oak Sherry Butt 592
Range Aged
2006 Rare Bottlings
Single Malt
21 years
Single cask
29 years
Single cask
36 years
Single cask
16 years
Single cask miniature
2005 Rare Bottlings
Single Malt
19 years
Single cask
32 years
Single cask
37 years
Single cask

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Glengoyne — Scotch malt whisky distillery profile". MaltMadness.com. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  2. ^ "Glengoyne Single Highland Malt — Our Distillery today". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Glengoyne". Whiskey-Pages.com. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Glengoyne Single Highland Malt Whisky — Our History". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  5. ^ a b "Taxing the Spirit". bruichladdich.com. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Glengoyne – The Scotch Malt Whisky Society". SMWS.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-02-04. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b c d e MacLeod, Rev. H. MacLennan [1950] (1962). The Parish of Killearn. Chapter 22 In: Rennie (1966).
  8. ^ "Glengoyne Official Website news section". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Ian Macleod interview from Sunday Herald". findarticles.com/Sunday Herald. 2003-05-11. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  10. ^ "Malt Whisky Distillery Guide — Malt Whisky Distillery — Glengoyne Single Malt Scotch Whisky Distillery". WhiskyDistilleryTours.com. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  11. ^ "Glengoyne Distillery, Single Malt Whisky". ScotlandWhisky.com. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  12. ^ "Glengoyne Single Malt Scotch Whisky". WhiskyMerchants.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  13. ^ "Glengoyne Single Highland Malt Whisky — Latest Headlines from Glengoyne". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  14. ^ "Glengoyne Single Highland Malt Whisky – Our Method". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  15. ^ "Whisky Distills Scottish Spirit". Straight.com. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  16. ^ "Glengoyne Official Website". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  17. ^ "Glengoyne @ Berry Bro's online shop". BBR.com. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  18. ^ "Glengoyne @ the Whisky Guide". TheWhiskyGuide.com. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  19. ^ a b "Glengoyne Single Highland Malt Whisky — Our Awards". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  20. ^ "Glengoyne Single Highland Malt Whisky — Latest Headlines from Glengoyne". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  21. ^ Page 2 of Ian Macleod fact sheet
  22. ^ "Glenfiddich Blog: The top 10 world whisky markets 2007". Glenfiddich Official Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-04. 
  23. ^ a b c d "Glengoyne Single Highland Malt Whisky — Our Range". Glengoyne.com. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 56°00′51″N 4°21′50″W / 56.01403°N 4.36378°W / 56.01403; -4.36378 (Glengoyne Distillery)Coordinates: 56°00′51″N 4°21′50″W / 56.01403°N 4.36378°W / 56.01403; -4.36378 (Glengoyne Distillery)