Glenmont (WMATA station)

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Glenmont
Washington Metro rapid transit station
Glenmont station from mezzanine.jpg
Station statistics
Address 12501 Georgia Avenue
Glenmont, MD 20906
Coordinates 39°3′42.4″N 77°3′11″W / 39.061778°N 77.05306°W / 39.061778; -77.05306
Line(s) Red Line Red Line
Connections Bus transport Ride On: 10, 26, 31, 33, 39, 41, 49, 51, 53
Bus transport Metrobus: C8, Y5, Y7, Y8, Y9
Structure type Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Parking 2,998 spaces
Bicycle facilities 36 racks, 48 lockers
Other information
Opened July 25, 1998; 16 years ago (1998-07-25)[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code B11
Owned by WMATA
Services
Preceding station   WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro   Following station
toward Shady Grove
Red Line Terminus

Glenmont is a Washington Metro station in Montgomery County, Maryland on the Red Line. This is the northeastern terminus of the Red Line.

Glenmont is the only station on the Red Line to feature the six-coffer arch design. The six-coffer design is also seen on the Green Line. Until 2006, Glenmont was also the only station in the system lit with sodium lamps, which gave the station a warm orange glow. These sodium lamps were replaced with the mercury vapor lamps found in other underground stations. The Glenmont rail yard is located just beyond this station, with the ability to store 132 rail cars.[2]

There are two entrances for access to Glenmont station. They are on both sides of Georgia Avenue (MD-97). Unlike older Metro stations, there are two street elevators, though there is only one platform elevator. Many Metrobus routes serve the station.[3]

The station, located at Georgia Avenue and Layhill Road, serves the suburbs of Glenmont and Aspen Hill. Service began on July 25, 1998.[1]

There is a car-storage lot just north of the station on a lot that was purchased by the county for the proposed Foxhall Elementary School and Layhill Junior High School, neither of which were built.[4]

History[edit]

Glenmont was planned to be the location of the end of a line in the original layout of the Metrorail system that was approved in 1968.[5] Two months later, the Glenmont Vicinity Citizens Association and several other citizens' groups attempted to have the line end at Silver Spring instead because they did not want the added development and they thought the extended lines would be too expensive.[6] The House Interior Appropriates Subcommittee was not convinced, and the plan went along unchanged.[6] At the time, the station was planned to open in 1979.[7]

As of 1970, the site for building the station was vacant land zoned for residential use and owned by Georgia Avenue Baptist Church.[8] Safeway wanted to build a supermarket on the site,[9] and it petitioned the county to change the site from residential to commercial zoning in 1970.[7] Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority had not planned to purchase the land until 1975.[10] WMATA protested, saying that rezoning would add $750,000 to the value of the land, which would increase its costs when it later needed to purchase the land.[7] WMATA could not purchase the land at the time because engineering studies determining the exact placement of the station had not yet been completed and, regardless, it had not appropriated the funds to purchase the land yet.[7] Metro asked Montgomery County to purchase the land to hold for its eventual use, but the county declined when WMATA could not guarantee that engineering studies would later find the site suitable for the station.[11] Because the surrounding land was already classified as commercial and because WMATA would not need the land for the station for at least eight more years, the Montgomery County Council said it had no authority to decline the rezoning request.[7] Days later, a deal was struck, whereas WMATA pledged to purchase the land within three years, Montgomery County would reserve the land for WMATA, and Georgia Avenue Baptist Church would not be required to pay property tax on the land.[11]

In May 1977, Secretary of Transportation Brock Adams questioned extended the red line to Glenmont, citing the increased costs projected after engineers determined that the bedrock required building the tracks much deeper than had been anticipated.[12] Under pressure from the Office of Management and Budget and President Jimmy Carter's administration,[13] Adams requested that the line be studied again to determine whether a bus, trolley, or highway would be a good alternative to extending the red line to Glenmont.[14] Montgomery County Executive James P. Gleason responded, saying that the line had been studied extensively already, and he considered pulling all county funding from building the Metrorail system if the Glenmont extension did not go forward.[15]

By June, a compromise had been reached; cost-cutting measures would be studied, but the red line would indeed be extended to Glenmont.[16] The following month, Gleason decided to withhold all funding to WMATA until the Department of Transportation guaranteed in writing that the Metrorail extension to Glenmont would be built.[13] The Montgomery County Council voted in disagreement with Gleason's decision, thinking that the action might also jeopardize the Metrorail extension to Shady Grove, but the Council did not actually have the power to force him to send the money to WMATA.[13] Maryland Secretary of Transportation Hermann Intemann also decided to withhold state funding to WMATA until Adams guaranteed the line would be built.[17]

In October, consultants suggested building Forest Glen and Wheaton stations as two small, separated tubes, rather than using one large cavernous design that had been used for nearly every other underground station.[18] The consultants said that changing the design of those two stations would save $352.6 million.[18] Glenmont station would still be built with the cavernous underground design.[18] Gleason praised the study because it saved significant money without sacrificing the stations,[18] and he decided to release Montgomery County's construction funding after plans surfaced for a study by region-wide task force.[19] In February 1978, the Department of Transportation approved engineering studies of the Glenmont line extension, which suggesting it was warming to building the line after all.[20] The study by a regionwide task force ended up approving the routing of stations on other Metrorail lines but it did not review the routing of the red line at all.[21] In August, WMATA board members approved a Metrorail plan that included building the Glenmont extension as the latter phase of a two-phase construction schedule.[22] WMATA released the plan to the Department of Transportation.[23]

In July 1979, Adams released all held-up federal funding for all of Metrorail's lines.[24] With all federal construction delays resolved, the Glenmont metro station was scheduled to open in 1986.[24] By 1982, the station's opening was rescheduled to 1991.[25]

In 1984, President Reagan's administration limited the number of miles of track that could be built, effectively preventing the extending the red line from Wheaton to Glenmont.[26] Later that year, the Senate Appropriations Committee voted to lift the construction limitation.[27] The Reagan administration continued to block federal funding, and opening of the Glenmont station was pushed back to 1994.[28] In 1985, the Office of Management and Budget recommended halting all federal funding of construction, further jeopardizing the Glenmont extension.[29] In 1991, Congress approved construction funding, and WMATA said the Glenmont station was scheduled to open in 1998.[30]

President Bill Clinton's administration approved funding of the Glenmont extension in 1993.[31] WMATA broke ground on construction of the station in 1993,[32] and workers began laying rail lines in 1996.[33] The station opened on July 25, 1998.[34]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent
P
Platform level
Westbound Red Line Red Line toward Shady Grove (Wheaton)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Eastbound Red Line Red Line alighting passengers only →

Notable places nearby[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Reid, Alice (July 20, 1998). "In Md., End of the Red Line a Beginning for Glenmont; Metro Prepares to Open Last Subway Station On Route That "Reshaped" Montgomery County". The Washington Post. p. B01. 
  2. ^ 106 Mile Area Regional System Track Schematic
  3. ^ WMATA Glenmont Station Bus Diagram
  4. ^ "Glenmont Metro Plan Hearing Set". The Washington Post. May 27, 1975. p. C3. 
  5. ^ Eisen, Jack (March 2, 1968). "Transit Net Wins Approval: Planners See G Street Line Open by 1970". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  6. ^ a b "Citizens Groups Fail To Shift Metro Route". The Washington Post. May 6, 1968. p. A18. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Cohen, Richard M. (March 25, 1970). "Metro Station Site Rezoned for Market: Montgomery Rezones Site of Subway". The Washington Post. p. C1. 
  8. ^ Cohen, Richard M. (March 25, 1970). "Metro Station Site Rezoned for Market: Montgomery Rezones Site Of Subway". The Washington Post. p. C1. 
  9. ^ "County Zoning Officer Backs Metro Site for Safeway Store". The Washington Post. June 25, 1969. p. A24. 
  10. ^ "Supermarket Planned for Metro Site". The Washington Post. March 17, 1970. p. C4. 
  11. ^ a b "Pact Seen on Site For Metro Station". The Washington Post. April 3, 1970. p. C2. 
  12. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (May 27, 1977). "Brock Adams Rides Subway, Is Confident on Debt: Adams Criticizes Location Of Airport Metro Station". The Washington Post. p. B3. 
  13. ^ a b c Feaver, Douglas B. (July 23, 1977). "County Chief Balks on Metro Funds: Gleason Seeks Guarantee for Glenmont Line". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  14. ^ "Montgomery Council protests plan to study Metro alternatives". The Washington Post. June 2, 1977. p. Md. 3. 
  15. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (June 16, 1977). "Restudy Asked Of Metro's Line For Wheaton: Adams Asks for Restudy Of Metro Line in Md.". The Washington Post. p. B1. 
  16. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (June 17, 1977). "Compromise Reached on Metro Line: Proposed Metro Line to Wheaton Will Be Studied". The Washington Post. p. C1. 
  17. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (November 17, 1977). "DOT Chief Delays Decision on Metro Line to Glenmont". The Washington Post. p. B3. 
  18. ^ a b c d Lynton, Stephen J. (October 14, 1977). "Simpler Metro Stations Eyed as Economy Move: Simpler Metro Stations Eyed as Economy Means". The Washington Post. p. C1. 
  19. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (December 16, 1977). "Metro's Fragility Displayed: Board Discusses List of Troubles Metro's Vulnerability Put on Display". The Washington Post. p. B1. 
  20. ^ "State Metro line study is okayed". The Sun (Baltimore, Maryland). February 15, 1978. p. D5. 
  21. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (May 4, 1978). "100-Mile Metro Backed: Area Panel Votes for 100-Mile Metro System, but Funds Short". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  22. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (August 5, 1978). "Cost of Subway Is Now Estimated At $6.6 Billion". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  23. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (August 18, 1978). "Metro Board Releases Financial Plan Ordered by DOT". The Washington Post. p. A17. 
  24. ^ a b Feaver, Douglas B. (July 12, 1979). "U.S. Will Release Millions in Metro Building Funds". The Washington Post. p. B1. 
  25. ^ Burgess, John (December 23, 1982). "New Law Will Again Delay Metro Construction Schedule". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  26. ^ Lynton, Stephen J. (January 25, 1984). "Reagan Budget Limits Metro Subway Funds: Budget for Subway Is 40 Pct. Less Than Request". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  27. ^ Lynton, Stephen J. (June 29, 1984). "Senate Committee Acts to Bar Limits on Metro and National". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  28. ^ Lynton, Stephen J. (August 19, 1984). "Metro Rail System Is Ready To Open Another 6.8 Miles". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  29. ^ Lynton, Stephen J. (December 14, 1985). "OMB Recommends Metro Fund Cutoff: Some Planned Rail Extensions Jeopardized". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  30. ^ Fehr, Stephen C. (July 12, 1991). "Metro Eyes End of Odyssey In Year 2001: Completion Proposal Still Needs Money". The Washington Post. p. B1. 
  31. ^ "U.S. Pledges Metro Funds". The Washington Post. April 8, 1993. p. C4. 
  32. ^ "Groundbreaking for Metro Station". The Washington Post. August 17, 1993. p. B3. 
  33. ^ "Working on the Railroad". The Washington Post. August 12, 1996. p. B1. 
  34. ^ "Checking Out Metro's Newest". The Washington Post. July 26, 1998. p. B3. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Glenmont (WMATA station) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 39°03′42″N 77°03′12″W / 39.061748°N 77.053256°W / 39.061748; -77.053256