Close in Paris at the Albert Nobbs French premiere in February 2012.
March 19, 1947 |
Greenwich, Connecticut, U.S.
|Alma mater||College of William & Mary|
|Spouse(s)||Cabot Wade (1969–1971)
James Marlas (1984–1987)
David Shaw (2006–present)
|Partner(s)||Len Cariou (1979-1983)
John Starke (1987–1991)
Steve Beers (1995–1999)
|Children||Annie Starke (born 1988)|
Close began her professional stage career in 1974 in Love for Love, and was mostly a Broadway actress through the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s, appearing in both plays and musicals, including major productions such as Barnum in 1980. Her first film role was in The World According to Garp (1982), which she followed up with supporting roles in The Big Chill (1983), and The Natural (1984); all three earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She would later receive nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performances in Fatal Attraction (1987), Dangerous Liaisons (1988), and Albert Nobbs (2011). Since 2005, she has been known for her television roles in The Shield and her Emmy and Golden Globe winning role as Patty Hewes in the FX TV series Damages.
Close is a six-time Academy Award nominee, tying the record for being the actress with the most nominations never to have won (along with Deborah Kerr and Thelma Ritter). In addition, her work has earned her three Tonys, an Obie, three Emmys, two Golden Globes, and a Screen Actors Guild Award. She has also been nominated three times for a Grammy Award and once for a BAFTA, amongst others.
Early life and family
Close was born in Greenwich, Connecticut, the daughter of Bettine (née Moore) and William Taliaferro Close, a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to Congo/Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko. Her father was a descendant of the Taliaferros of Virginia; her paternal grandfather, Edward Bennett Close, a stockbroker and director of the American Hospital Association, was first married to Post Cereals' Marjorie Merriweather Post. Close is also a second cousin once-removed of actress Brooke Shields (Shields's great-grandmother Mary Elsie Moore was a sister of Close's maternal grandfather, Charles Arthur Moore, Jr.).
During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage in Greenwich. Close has credited her early years for her acting abilities: "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me." When she was seven years old, her parents joined a "cult group", the Moral Re-Armament (MRA), in which her family remained involved for fifteen years, living in communal centers. Close has stated that the family "struggled to survive the pressures of a culture that dictated everything about how we lived our lives." Close traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with an MRA singing group called Up With People, and attended Rosemary Hall (now Choate Rosemary Hall), graduating in 1965. When she was 22, Close broke away from MRA, attending the College of William & Mary, and majoring in theatre. It was in the College's theatre department that she began to train as a serious actor, under Howard Scammon. She was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa.
Film and television
Close started her professional stage career in 1974, and her film work in 1982. She has been nominated for six Academy Awards, for Best Actress in Dangerous Liaisons, Fatal Attraction, and Albert Nobbs and for Best Supporting Actress in The Natural, The Big Chill and The World According to Garp (her first film). Her six nominations have her tied with Deborah Kerr and Thelma Ritter as the most nominated actress not to win an Oscar.
In 1984, Close starred in the critically acclaimed drama Something About Amelia, a Golden Globe-winning television movie about a family destroyed by sexual abuse. In 1987 she played the disturbed book editor Alex in Fatal Attraction, and in 1988 she played the scheming aristocrat The Marquise de Merteuil in Dangerous Liaisons. She played the role of Sunny von Bülow in the 1990 film Reversal of Fortune to critical acclaim.
In the 1990s, she starred in the highly rated Hallmark Hall of Fame television drama Sarah, Plain and Tall (1991), as well as its two sequels. She also played the title role in the made-for-TV movie Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story in 1995, for which she won her first Emmy. She also appeared in the newsroom comedy-drama The Paper (1994), Steven Spielberg's Hook, the alien invasion satire Mars Attacks! (1996, as The First Lady), the Disney hit 101 Dalmatians (1996, as the sinister Cruella de Vil) and its sequel 102 Dalmatians (2000), and the blockbuster Air Force One (1997), as the trustworthy vice president to Harrison Ford's president. In 2001, she starred in a production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's classic musical South Pacific.
In 2005, Close joined the FX crime series The Shield, in which she played a no-nonsense precinct captain. She starred in a series of her own for 2007, Damages (also on FX) instead of continuing her character on The Shield. Close won the 2009 Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama series for her role in Damages. In an interview after her win, Close stated that her role of Patty Hewes in the series was the role of her life. Also in 2009, she narrated the environmental film Home.
In December 2010, Close began filming Albert Nobbs in Dublin. She had previously won an Obie in 1982 for her role in the play on stage. She had been working on the film, in which she appeared alongside 101 Dalmatians co-star Mark Williams, for 10 years, and aside from starring in it, she co-wrote the screenplay and produced the film.
In the film, Close played the title role of Albert Nobbs, a woman living her life as a man in 1800s Ireland after being sexually assaulted as a young girl. For the film, Close sat through hours of makeup to transform herself into a man. While the film itself received mixed reviews, Close and Janet McTeer received rave reviews for their performances. Close's performance was noted for being her most subtle and introverted performance yet and a departure from her other roles. Close received Academy Award, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, and multiple critics nominations for her performance in Albert Nobbs.
Recently Close along with Viola Davis and Uma Thurman was featured in the Documentary Love, Marilyn reading excerpts from Marilyn Monroe's diaries. Critic Stephen Farber has described the film as "One of the most skillful and entertaining summaries of Marilyn's endlessly fascinating rise and fall." Close is set to appear as the leader of the Nova Corps in Guardians of the Galaxy, scheduled for release in 2014.
Close has had an extensive career performing in Broadway musicals. One of her most notable roles on stage was Norma Desmond in the Andrew Lloyd Webber production of Sunset Boulevard, for which Close won a Tony Award, playing the role on Broadway in 1994. Close was also a guest star at the Andrew Lloyd Webber fiftieth birthday party celebration in the Royal Albert Hall in 1998. She appeared as Norma Desmond and performed songs from Sunset Boulevard. Close has also won Tony Awards in 1984 for The Real Thing, and in 1992 for Death and the Maiden. Close performed at Carnegie Hall, narrating the violin concerto The Runaway Bunny, a concerto for reader, violin and orchestra, composed and conducted by Glen Roven.
Close provided the voice of the "Giant" in the Summer 2012 production of the musical Into the Woods at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park. The production also featured Amy Adams as The Baker's Wife and Donna Murphy as The Witch.
Personal life and causes
Close was married to Cabot Wade, a guitarist whom she had met during her time at Up with People, from 1969 to 1971. From 1979 to 1983 she dated Broadway actor Len Cariou. She was married to businessman James Marlas from 1984 to 1987. Soon afterward, she began a relationship with producer John Starke, whom she had previously met on the set of The World According to Garp. In 1988 the two had a daughter together, Annie Starke, who is currently an aspiring actress. They separated in 1991.
Close is a second cousin once removed to actress Brooke Shields. Close is a dog lover and writes a blog for Fetchdog.com, where she interviews other famous people about their relationships with their dogs. Close announced to the public that she has had her DNA sequenced.
Close was a founder and is chairperson of BringChange2Mind, a US campaign to eradicate the stigma and discrimination surrounding mental illness, supporting her sister Jessie who has bipolar disorder.
Filmography and awards
|1990||Divine Garbo||Herself||Greta Garbo documentary|
|1999||The Lady with the Torch||Herself-host||The 75th Anniversary of Columbia Pictures|
|2001||Welcome to Hollywood||Herself|
|2003||What I Want My Words to Do to You: Voices from Inside a Women's Maximum Security Prison||Herself|
|2003||A Closer Walk||Narrator||Robert Bilheimer film. AIDS epidemic.|
|2007||Broadway: Beyond the Golden Age||Herself|
|2009||Home||Narrator||Yann Arthus-Bertrand film.|
|2011||Pax||Director and executive producer|
|2012||Love, Marilyn||Narrator/Herself||Liz Garbus film.|
|2004||Fallout 3||Alice Mclafferty||Cancelled Version, Voice and Likeness|
Broadway and Off-Broadway musicals
- Rex (Broadway, 1976), Richard Rodgers-Sheldon Harnick musical about Henry VIII
- Barnum (Charity Barnum, Broadway, 1980), Cy Coleman musical about Phineas T. Barnum
- Sunset Boulevard (Norma Desmond, Broadway, November 1994), Andrew Lloyd Webber musical based on the classic 1950 motion picture Sunset Boulevard
- The Play What I Wrote (Broadway, Lyceum Theatre, 2003), by Hamish McColl, Sean Foley and Eddie Braben
- Busker Alley (Off-Broadway, 2006, one-performance benefit concert), Sherman Brothers musical based on the 1938 movie St. Martin's Lane, directed by Tony Walton
- Love for Love by William Congreve (New Phoenix Repertory Co. at the Helen Hayes Theatre, November 1974)
- The Rules of the Game by Luigi Pirandello (New Phoenix Repertory Co. at the Helen Hayes Theatre, December 1974)
- The Member of the Wedding by Carson McCullers (New Phoenix Repertory Co. at the Helen Hayes Theatre, December 1974)
- The Crucifer of Blood by Paul Giovanni (Helen Hayes Theatre, September 1978)
- The Real Thing by Tom Stoppard (Plymouth Theatre, December 1983)
- Benefactors by Michael Frayn (Brooks Atkinson Theatre, December 1985)
- Death and the Maiden by Ariel Dorfman (Brooks Atkinson Theatre, February 1992)
- The Crazy Locomotive by Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (Chelsea Theater Center (February 1977)
- Uncommon Women and Others (November 1977)
- Wine Untouched (June 1979)
- The Winter Dancers (October 1979)
- The Singular Life of Albert Nobbs, an adaptation of George Moore's short story directed by French director Simone Benmussa, 1982.
- For No Good Reason / Childhood (October 1985)
- Sunset Boulevard (musical, December 1993)
- 1980: Best Featured Actress in a Musical – Barnum (Nomination)
- 1984: Best Actress in a Play – The Real Thing (Won)
- 1992: Best Actress in a Play – Death and the Maiden (Won)
- 1995: Best Actress in a Musical – Sunset Boulevard (Won)
Drama Desk Awards
- 1992: Outstanding Actress in a Play – Death and the Maiden (Nomination)
- 1995: Outstanding Actress in a Musical – Sunset Boulevard (Won)
- 1982: Best Actress in a Play – The Singular Life of Albert Nobbs (Won)
In 1988 PBS and Rabbit Ears Productions produced a multi-award-winning animated adaptation and a subsequent book depicting the Washington Irving story "The Emperor and the Nightingale". Illustrations, directing, and adaptation were done by Robert Van Nutt; music by Tim Story; and the narration by Glenn Close. It was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Album for Children, making it Close's second nomination.
In 1995, Glenn Close and Plácido Domingo recorded a Christmas album together titled Repeat the Sounding Joy featuring The London Symphony Orchestra. The album was produced by the Hallmark company.
In 2003, Close was originally cast as Alice McLafferty in the cancelled Fallout 3 by Black Isle Studios. She was used as the concept design for Alice, and she was to voice her as well. After Black Isle cancelled the title, Fallout 3 was made by Bethesda, and Alice was removed.
In 2010, Fallout New Vegas included Alice, which was still designed to look like Close, but Marianne Muellerleile voiced Alice.
- 1982: Rosemary Hall Alumnae Award 
- 1989: ShoWest Convention, USA: Female Star of the Year.
- 1989: New York Women in Film & Television: Muse Award.
- 1990: Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year.
- 2001: Women in Film Crystal + Lucy Awards: Crystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry.
- 2002: GLAAD Media Award: For Excellence in Media.
- 2003: Gotham Award: Tribute Award.
- 2008: Common Wealth Award of Distinguished Service: For outstanding achievements in the dramatic arts.
- 2009: Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Motion pictures.
- 2011: The Donostia Award for San Sebastián International Film Festival.
- 2011: Hollywood Career Achievement Award 2011 from the Hollywood Film Awards 2011.
- 2012: Palm Springs International Film Festival: Career Achievement Award.
- 2012: New York Women in Communications: Matrix Award.
- 2012: American Giving Award.
- 2013: Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Queen's University
- Roberts, Gary Boyd (2010). "Notable Kin - Additional Noted American Cousin: A Five-Year Update, Numbers 326-350". New England Historic Genealogical Society - Founded 1845. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
- "Conscience and the Congo". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2006-11-29.
- "Glenn Close Biography – Yahoo! Movies". Movies.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- "Thomas Holcombe of Connecticut - Person Page 1141". Holcombegenealogy.com. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 1995
- In a speech at Princeton University on February 19, 2009
- Rosemary Hall Alumnae Award from the Choate Rosemary Hall website
- "Glenn Close: "Are You Who We Think You Are?"". Princeton.edu. 2009-02-19. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- Glenn Close Emmy Award Winner
- "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 02/25/89". Snltranscripts.jt.org. 1989-02-25. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 12/12/92". Snltranscripts.jt.org. 1992-12-12. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- Joyce Eng (20 September 2009). "Kristin Chenoweth, Jon Cryer Win First Emmys". TVGuide.com. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- Glenn Close's Albert Nobbs Costume Revealed" comingsoon.net (Source:Daily Mail), December 5, 2010
- BWW Staff. "Glenn Close Reprises 'Albert Nobbs' in New Film" broadwayworld.com, December 15, 2010
- Fleming, Jr., Mike (May 29, 2013). "Glenn Close Is Head Cop In Marvel's 'Guardians Of The Galaxy'". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Glenn Close to Voice The Giant in Public Theaters 'Into the Woods'" broadwayworld.com, July 16, 2012
- Stritof, Sheri and Bob. "Glenn Close and David Shaw", Marriage.about.com, accessed December 31, 2011
- Annie Starke on Following Mom (Glenn Close) On Stage and Her Fashionable Debut in Love, Loss and What I Wore, Broadway.com, March 31, 2011
- "Glenn Close Marries on Maine Retreat", People Magazine, February 6, 2006.
- "BioTechniques – First named female genome sequenced".
- "Opensecrets.org". Opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- "Bring Change 2 Mind". Bring Change 2 Mind. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- 1985 Grammy Awards
- "The Emperor and the Nightingale"
- "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
- Hallmark Presents: Glenn Close & Placido Domingo - Repeat The Sounding Joy (1995)
- "Amy Pascal timeline". Variety.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Glenn Close|
- Glenn Close at the Internet Broadway Database
- Glenn Close at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Glenn Close at the Internet Movie Database
- Glenn Close at Emmys.com
- Napoleon, Davi. Chelsea on the Edge: The Adventures of an American Theater Includes discussion of Des McAnuff's production of The Crazy Locomotive at the Chelsea Theater. Iowa State University Press.