Glenn Cunningham (athlete)

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Glenn Cunningham
Glenn Cunningham competing for KU circa 1933.jpg
Glenn Cunningham competing for KU circa 1933
Personal information
Full name Glenn Verniss Cunningham
Nationality American
Born (1909-08-04)August 4, 1909
Atlanta, Kansas
Died March 10, 1988(1988-03-10) (aged 78)
Menifee, Arkansas
Height 5'10
Weight 154 lbs
Sport
Country United States United States
Sport Track and field athletics
Event(s) 800m, 1500m, 1 mile
Team University of Kansas
Retired 1940
Achievements and titles
Highest world ranking 1st

Glenn Verniss Cunningham (August 4, 1909 – March 10, 1988) was an American distance runner and athlete considered by many the greatest American miler of all time. He received the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States in 1933.

He was born in Atlanta, Kansas, but grew up in Elkhart, Kansas, to Henry Clinton Cunningham (September 20, 1877 – July 27, 1956) and Rosa Agnes Cunningham (née Moore; December 5, 1882 – March 1, 1961). Cunningham was nicknamed the "Kansas Flyer", the "Elkhart Express" and the "Iron Horse of Kansas". Cunningham's legs were very badly burned in an explosion caused when someone put gasoline instead of kerosene in the can at his schoolhouse by accident when he was eight and his brother Floyd was thirteen. Floyd died in the fire. When the doctors recommended amputating Glenn's legs, he was so distressed his parents would not allow it. The doctors predicted he might never walk normally again. He had lost all the flesh on his knees and shins and all the toes on his left foot. Also, his transverse arch was practically destroyed. However, his great determination, coupled with hours upon hours of a new type of therapy, enabled him to gradually regain the ability to walk and to proceed to run. It was in the early summer of 1919 when he first tried to walk again, roughly two years after the accident. He had a positive attitude as well as a strong religious faith. His favorite Bible verse was Isaiah 40:31: "But those who wait on the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings like eagles, they shall run and not be weary, they shall walk and not faint."

He competed in both the 1932 Summer Olympics as well as the 1936 Summer Olympics. While on the ship traveling from the U.S. to Germany, he was voted "Most Popular Athlete" by his fellow Olympians, finishing just ahead of Jesse Owens.[1] Cunningham and Owens would end up rooming together for the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Through this experience Owens and Cunningham developed a lifelong friendship.[1]

Cunningham won the Sullivan medal in 1933 for his various running achievements in middle distance.

In the 1932 Olympics he took 4th place in the 1500 m, and in the 1936 Berlin Olympics, he took silver in the 1500 meters.

In 1934, he set the world record for the mile run at 4:06.8, which stood for three years.

In 1936, he set the world record in the 800 m run.

In 1938, he set a world record in the indoor mile run of 4:04.4. He retired from competition in 1940. (Roger Bannister was the first to break the four-minute mile, in 1954.)

Cunningham's goal-unachieved was a four-minute mile. Many people tried that before and failed. Several theorists proclaimed it was impossible physiologically for humans. Runners tried running steady and fast-paced the whole time. Others tried to go steady for the first half then give it all they had. Glenn worried about the strength of his legs burned in his youth, so he started slow - running in the pack. He would be fresher in the second half - and would almost be sprinting the last 100 yards to the finish.

Cunningham has a park named after him in his hometown of Elkhart, Kansas.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cool Things - Olympic Village Letter". Cool Things. Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  2. ^ "City of Elkhart Ks". Retrieved 18 May 2014. 

American Miler, Paul J. Kiell, M.D., p. 105

External links[edit]


Records
Preceded by
United Kingdom Tommy Hampson
United States Ben Eastman
Men's 800 metres World Record Holder
August 8, 1936 – July 11, 1937
Succeeded by
United States Elroy Robinson
Preceded by
New Zealand Jack Lovelock
Men's Mile World Record Holder
June 16, 1934 – August 28, 1937
Succeeded by
United Kingdom Sydney Wooderson