Glenns Ferry, Idaho

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Glenns Ferry, Idaho
City
Location in Elmore County and the state of Idaho
Location in Elmore County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 42°57′7″N 115°18′4″W / 42.95194°N 115.30111°W / 42.95194; -115.30111Coordinates: 42°57′7″N 115°18′4″W / 42.95194°N 115.30111°W / 42.95194; -115.30111
Country United States
State Idaho
County Elmore
Area[1]
 • Total 1.94 sq mi (5.02 km2)
 • Land 1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 2,569 ft (783 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,319
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,264
 • Density 687.0/sq mi (265.3/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 83623, 83633
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-31690
GNIS feature ID 0372857
Website Glenns Ferry Chamber of Commerce

Glenns Ferry is a city in Elmore County, Idaho, United States. The population was 1,319 at the 2010 census. The city is adjacent to Interstate 84 and the Snake River.

History[edit]

Glenns Ferry was one of the most famous and treacherous river crossings on the Oregon Trail. Pioneers forded the Snake River at the Three Island Crossing until 1869, when Gustavus "Gus" Glenn constructed a ferry about two miles upstream, primarily to expedite freight but also for emigrants. His boat, which could hold two wagons, cut nearly twenty miles from the former route.[4] In 1871 the city of Glenns Ferry was established. Construction of the Oregon Short Line Railroad through the town in 1883 gave the city its first major employer.

Three Island Crossing State Park, opened in 1971, is home to The Oregon Trail History and Education Center, where visitors can learn about pioneer emigrants and Native American history. The Glenns Ferry community sponsors a crossing commemoration the second Saturday of each August.[5]

The townsite was platted in 1871, just downstream from the ferry site.

Geography[edit]

Glenns Ferry is located at 42°57′7″N 115°18′4″W / 42.95194°N 115.30111°W / 42.95194; -115.30111 (42.951954, -115.301132),[6] at an altitude of 2569 feet (783 m).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.94 square miles (5.02 km2), of which, 1.92 square miles (4.97 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

The Gorby Opera Theatre is one of six sites in Glenns Ferry listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 333
1900 372 11.7%
1910 800 115.1%
1920 1,243 55.4%
1930 1,414 13.8%
1940 1,290 −8.8%
1950 1,515 17.4%
1960 1,374 −9.3%
1970 1,386 0.9%
1980 1,374 −0.9%
1990 1,304 −5.1%
2000 1,611 23.5%
2010 1,319 −18.1%
source:[8][9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,319 people, 559 households, and 350 families residing in the city. The population density was 687.0 inhabitants per square mile (265.3 /km2). There were 684 housing units at an average density of 356.3 per square mile (137.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.2% White, 0.2% African American, 2.0% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 11.8% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.6% of the population.

There were 559 households of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 42.6 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 23% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,611 people, 610 households, and 428 families residing in the city. The population density was 920.2 people per square mile (355.4/km²). There were 707 housing units at an average density of 403.8 per square mile (156.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.41% White, 1.18% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 9.75% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.44% of the population.

There were 610 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,379, and the median income for a family was $32,019. Males had a median income of $27,321 versus $17,692 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,869. About 20.5% of families and 24.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.4% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ Idaho Transportation Dept. - historical marker - Glenns Ferry
  5. ^ http://parksandrecreation.idaho.gov/parks/threeislandcrossing.aspx
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Glenns Ferry, Idaho
  8. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 93.
  9. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]