Glenside, South Australia
Adelaide, South Australia
|Population||2,191 (2006 Census)|
|• Density||1,565/km2 (4,053/sq mi)|
|Area||1.40 km2 (0.5 sq mi)|
|Location||2 km (1 mi) from Adelaide|
|LGA(s)||City of Burnside|
It is ordered on the north by Greenhill Road, on the east by Portrush Road, on the south by Flemington Street and Windsor Road and the west by Fullarton Road. The suburb has a rectangular layout. A number of residential streets in the suburb contain avenues of jacaranda trees, which provide lush colour when they flower in Spring.
Glenside, along with its neighbouring suburb of Glenunga were originally known by the name of 'Knoxville'. They were first settled in the 1840s as farming land, and wheat grown in the area was awarded first prize in the Royal Adelaide Show. The area now taken up by Glenunga International High School and Webb Oval, was previously home to slaughterhouses established in the nineteenth century. At one point, the slaughterhouses were exporting overseas and at the same time providing half of Adelaide's lamb requirements.
A number of coach companies, notably Cobb & Co and those of William Rounsevell, and John Hill were set up in the 1870s and 1880s. Up to 1000 horses grazed the land. At this point, most of the streets were beginning to be named. Most were named by the inhabitants at the time, usually in reference to their original homes in Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales and the United States. However, one street was named after an Aboriginal Word - "Allinga", meaning sun.
In the early twentieth century, a number of businesses started locating themselves in Glenside. The Australian icon, the Hills Hoist clothes line, was invented by the Hill family in neighbouring Glenunga. Other notable businesses were the Symons & Symons glass merchants and one involved in "Bland Radios".
In September 2007, following a review of mental health services in South Australia by Social Inclusion Commissioner Monsignor David Cappo, Premier Mike Rann announced a major redevelopment of the Glenside hospital site. The redevelopment included a new 129 bed specialist psychiatric hospital that was opened on 2012. The Victorian-era hospital buildings were also refurbished as part of the building of the new Adelaide Studios of the South Australian Film Corporation opened by Mr Rann on October 20, 2011.
There is only one noticeable park in the Glenside area, which is located on the corner of Conyngham and Cator Street. The park is named Symonds & Symonds Reserve, after a well-known glassmaker who lived and worked in the area in the mid 1900s. It is located next to a retirement home and a childcare centre. Glenunga Reserve in nearby Glenunga is located directly adjacent to Glenside. The suburb is very green with narrow streets with large overhanging trees. Large gum trees line L'Estrange and Conyngham Streets.
The Burnside Village Shopping Centre is actually located in Glenside, on the corner of Greenhill and Portrush Roads. It is a large shopping centre and serves much of the City of Burnside areas but also attracts shoppers from other areas due to its beautiful surrounds and variety of shops which specialise in everything from jewellers to record stores to clothing stores. The suburb is home to the mental health campus of the Royal Adelaide Hospital. Known as 'Glenside Hospital', it is the primary mental health facility in the state, and occupies approximately one-third of the area of the suburb. Two large retirement villages exist on Greenhill Road - Victoria Grove Village and Pineview Village. Glenside also contains one of Adelaide's two synagogues, and a large number of Adelaide's Jewish community lives around the area, which also contains the Jewish Massada College. The South Australian Film Corporation has taken over a portion of the former hospital property and established its headquarters following a move from Hendon in the north-western suburbs of Adelaide.
The suburb is home to a number of families and retirees of predominantly Anglo-Celtic background. Much of the suburb is quite upper-middle class and is currently undergoing residential development along Conyngham St as older larger properties are being subdivided with new houses and roads being built. Despite its upper middle class socioeconomic background, the suburb still contains quite a few units and housing developments from the 1950s and 1960s, many of which have been re-developed or demolished completely.
A Jewish community is fairly active around its school and synagogue, and a sizeable population exists around Flemington Street.
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