Glenview, Cook County, Illinois

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Glenview, Illinois
Village
Official seal of Glenview, Illinois
Seal
Glenview is located in Illinois
Glenview
Glenview
Coordinates: 42°4′46″N 87°48′56″W / 42.07944°N 87.81556°W / 42.07944; -87.81556Coordinates: 42°4′46″N 87°48′56″W / 42.07944°N 87.81556°W / 42.07944; -87.81556
Country  United States
State Illinois
County Cook
Township Northfield, New Trier, Maine, Niles
Incorporated 1899
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • President Jim Patterson
Area
 • Total 13.99 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 • Land 13.95 sq mi (36.1 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)  0.29%
Population (2010)
 • Total 50,692
 • Density 3,203.7/sq mi (1,237.0/km2)
  Up 6.80% from 2000
Standard of living (2009–11)
 • Per capita income $35,615
 • Median home value $425,200
ZIP code(s) 60025, 60026, 60062, 60093[1]
Area code(s) 847, 224, 312
Geocode 29938
Website www.glenview.il.us
Demographics (2010)[2]
White Black Asian
71.2% 7.1% 12.5%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.1% 0.1% 3.1% 5.8%

Glenview is a suburban village located approximately 14 mi (23 km) north of downtown Chicago in Cook County, Illinois. As of the 2013 United States Census, the village population was 50,692.[3]

Geography[edit]

Glenview is located at 42°4′46″N 87°48′56″W / 42.07944°N 87.81556°W / 42.07944; -87.81556 (42.079391, -87.815622).[4]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 13.99 square miles (36.2 km2), of which 13.95 square miles (36.1 km2) (or 99.71%) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (or 0.29%) is water.[5] Glenview Creek drains the southeastern corner of the village, emptying into the Middle Fork of the North Branch of the Chicago River north of Old Orchard Road and just west of Harms Road.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2014 census, there were 50,692 people, and 16,783 households residing in the village. The population density was 3,203.7 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 71.2% White (68.3% white non-Hispanic), 7.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 12.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% other, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.[2]

There were 16,783 households, of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were headed by married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.15.[2]

In the village, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 19.2% from 25 to 44, 31.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.5 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.[2]

For the period 2009-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $67,037, and the median income for a family was $79,089. The per capita income was $35,615. 8.1% of the population and 4.8% of families were below the poverty line.[6]

History[edit]

The entire Northfield Township originally was known as the town of Northfield. There were different names for various areas within the community. The Post Office demanded that an official name be selected, whereupon a special meeting of the villagers was called. Various names were suggested such as Rugenville, Glenvarr, Glendale, Glengrove, Glen Hollow, Oak View, and Glenview. The name Glenview won the majority vote on May 7, 1895. The village was incorporated in 1899. Much of the Glenview area remained farmland but after World War II, developers such as Tom Sullivan began to give the township its current suburban appearance.[7][8]

The Park[edit]

"The Park" is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the village. Located near the center of Glenview, just south of the Glen development, The Park was established as home to a religious society in 1894 by Hugh Burnham, the first village president and nephew of architect Daniel Burnham. In the late 1890s through the turn of the century, New Church members purchased 40 acres of land and built their houses in an oval surrounding a common park area where the church and school were built. Architect Swain Nelson, one of the designers of Lincoln Park, designed the neighborhood.[9]

As part of the New Church service mission to be universally accepted as a guidepost for kindness and character, today, the Glenview New Church Schools are open to many students beyond the congregation and the church has been updated and expanded to accommodate a much larger Sunday service. Despite its new open focus and broadening congregation, the original church in the center and many of the surrounding buildings remain the same today as they were in 1900.

Naval Air Station[edit]

The control tower of the village's former Naval Air Station has been converted to shops as part of The Glen Town Center.

Naval Air Station Glenview was a major facility in Glenview for many years.[10] It was the host for a number of squadrons, including the Coast Guard Air/Sea rescue helicopter service for Chicago/Lake Michigan and a squadron of P-3 Orions which had the mission of East Coast antisubmarine warfare. The rationale for basing the squadron there was that so many reserve staff were in the central United States, and it was convenient to base the facility near the staff. As a 1−2 hour checklist had to be executed before scanning the seas, there was actually little dead time in the flight to the coast. The base consisted of 1 million cubic yards (800,000 m³) of concrete, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of runways and 108 U.S. Navy buildings.

The Glen[edit]

In 1995, the base was closed as part of the Base Realignment and Closure military restructuring process. The land was deeded back to Glenview by the U.S. Department of Defense. A reuse plan was completed by the Village of Glenview in 1995 and updated into a master plan by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill in 1998. The village then assumed the role of Master Developer. The 1,121-acre (4.54 km2) development was named "The Glen" in 1999. It comprises approximately 15% of the area of Glenview. It contains new homes, offices, and shopping centers, including The Glen Town Center. Among other amenities, it includes a lake, soccer fields, walking and biking trails, two golf courses, Kohl Children's Museum, the Glenview Park District Park Center, Attea Middle School, and the Glen/North Glenview commuter train station.

Commerce[edit]

A number of major U.S. corporations have major facilities or offices in Glenview, including Anixter, Aon, Avon, Illinois Tool Works, Kraft Foods, Scott Foresman, and Republic Tobacco.[citation needed] Family Video has its headquarters in Glenview.[11] There are also several large non-profit organizations in Glenview, including the headquarters of the General Board of Pension and Health Benefits of The United Methodist Church, and Wespath Investment Management.

Largest employers[edit]

According to Glenview's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[12] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Kraft Foods 1,440
2 Abt Electronics 1,100
3 Glenbrook Hospital 1,000
4 Signode 725
5 Aon 708
6 Glenview Public School District 34 693
7 Anixter 668
8 Scott Foresman 550
9 Glenview Terrace 441
10 Glenbrook South High School 391

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Glenview Park District operates the parks and park facilities in Glenview. The Glenview Park District operates two outdoor pools (Flick Park and Roosevelt Park), the Glenview Ice Center, two golf courses (Glenview National 9 Golf Club and Glenview Park Golf Club), the Glenview Tennis Club, Wagner Farm (see below), the Grove National Historic Landmark (see below), the Kent Fuller Air Station Prairie & Evelyn Pease Tyner Interpretive Center, the Park Center (see below), Scram Memorial Chapel, outdoor skating and sledding, and numerous parks.

On July 4, 1985, the annual fireworks display at the Glenview Park Golf Course erupted on the ground after a misfire, injuring 6 people.[13]

Park Center[edit]

The Park Center is a prairie-style multi-purpose community center, one of the largest in Illinois, and is located in the heart of The Glen on the shores of Lake Glenview. The Park Center has an indoor pool (Splash Landings Indoor Aquatic Complex), Park Center Health & Fitness, Park Center Preschool, Glenview Senior Center, along with many programs including arts, dance, and adult and youth sports programs.[14]

The Grove[edit]

The Grove includes the home of Robert Kennicott, which was built in the 1830s.

The Grove is an area of prairie that contains an interpretive center, moved and re-created historic buildings, and nature trails.[15] Covering 123 acres (0.50 km2), the land was formerly the home of John Kennicott, who settled in the area in 1836 from New Orleans. His son, Robert Kennicott, became interested in horticulture and was one of the founders of the Chicago Academy of Sciences. The Grove was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of the Interior in 1976 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Wagner Farm[edit]

Wagner Farm is an 18.6-acre (7.5 ha) farm owned by the Glenview Park District. Wagner Farm is the last remnant of a much larger farm which was owned and farmed by members of the Wagner family since their arrival in this area from Trier, Germany in the 1850s. In 1997, Rose Wagner, the last surviving member of the Glenview Wagner family, died. Her will directed Glenview State Bank, the trustee for her estate, to sell the farm to the highest bidder with the proceeds to benefit her family parish, Our Lady of Perpetual Help Church in Glenview. A group of local citizens approached the park district and asked the district to buy the farm and preserve it as an historic working farm for the education and enjoyment of the community. With citizen support, a referendum to approve funds to pay for the farm was approved by the voters in 1998 and the park district purchased the farm in 2000. In 2007, the farm had over 54,000 visitors. Also in 2007, Wagner Farm became home to the Glenview Farmer’s Market.[16]

Johann and Katharina Wagner came to the United States from their home in Weiler, Germany in the winter of 1855. They eventually settled in Gross Point (modern day Wilmette), an area with a high population of German immigrants. Over time, the Wagners established their home on the southeast corner of Lake Ave and Wagner Road, in the heart of what is present-day Glenview. By 1898, the Wagner farm encompassed approximately 91 acres (37 ha), many of which have been replaced by housing and road development today. Johann and Katharina’s youngest son, Thomas, married Julia Brachtendorf of the Northfield Township in 1892, and ten years later they purchased the Hoffman farm on the northwest corner of Lake Ave and Wagner Road. This is the area known as Wagner Farm today. The area was 40 acres (16 ha) then, but Thomas also inherited land on the northeast corner of the two roads. Thomas’s siblings inherited this land in the farm’s estate. Thomas and Julia had 5 children, 4 of whom remained on the farm for their entire lives. The farm was operated by Thomas’ children until the last member of the family, Rose (1903–1997) died in 1997. Rose stated in her Will that the farm should be sold, and placed in trust for a local catholic church, and it remains a property of the Glenview Park District today.[17]

Wagner Farm offers hands-on programs on the farm funded by the Glenview Park District. The programs themselves vary from season to season, but they include activities like horseback riding, tractor driving, and more activities that reflect the life of a farmer in the 1920s.[18]

Glenview's Farmers' Market was established in 1988 by the Glenview Women of Today. After years of running it, the group realized that maintaining the market was no longer in their interest. After the group abandoned the annual event, the Glenview Park District decided to move the market to Wagner Farm. This switch was historically suitable for the farm, given that at one point, Wagner was a truck farm that produced crops in bulk for the Chicago land area. A spreadsheet of the number of crops per city that Wagner provides can be found on their website. In remembrance of Wagner’s truck farming history, a market wagon was constructed, and is now in display in the museum. The Farmer’s Market takes place between the days of June 25 to October 8, on every Saturday. It is located across the street from Wagner Farm, giving shoppers the opportunity to visit a working 20th-century farm. In addition to the food and other products that are produced by the farm, the Market features a different musical artist to perform each week.[18]

Wildlife[edit]

Glenview is home to a rich variety of animals. These animals coexist with the human residents of Glenview and thrive in the many forest preserves that call Glenview home. The most frequently spotted birds in Glenview include robins, sparrows, cardinals, crows, Canada geese, mallard ducks, and occasionally great horned owls. In residential areas, squirrels, rabbits, raccoons, rats and mice cohabit with people. On nature walks through the Glen, the forest preserves, or The Grove, one can come upon white tailed deer, and an occasional coyote or fox. Also to be seen are brown rabbits, cicadas (both the 17-year and the 4-year varieties), box and alligator snapping turtles, and sometimes small frogs and toads. Among the arthropods and insects seen in Glenview are ants, bees, mosquitoes, daddy-long-legs, wolf and black widow spiders, and many others.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Several school districts and high school districts serve the residents of Glenview. Over half of Glenview lies within Glenview School District 34. Glenview School District 34 is the predominant K-8 district in central Glenview. Schools in this district include:

  • Henking Elementary School
  • Westbrook Elementary School
  • Lyon Elementary School
  • Hoffman Elementary School
  • Glen Grove Elementary School
  • Pleasant Ridge Elementary School
  • Attea Middle School
  • Springman Middle School

Southeast and East Glenview residents are served by Wilmette School District 39 and Avoca School District 37, Northeast Glenview is served by Northbrook/Glenview School District 30, Northwest Glenview is served by West Northfield School District 31, and Southwest and South Glenview is served by East Maine School District 63, all of these districts include parts of Glenview within their boundaries. Most of Glenview is located within the Glenbrook South High School attendance area of Glenbrook High School District 225. Glenview residents who live on or east of Harms Road are served by New Trier Township High School District 203. Public high school students who reside there attend New Trier High School. Residents in the small portion of Glenview south of Central Road are part of Maine Township High School District 207. Public high school students who reside there attend Maine East High School.

Private schools[edit]

Glenview is home to two parochial schools: Our Lady of Perpetual Help School [4] and Saint Catherine Labouré School.[5] Both educate pre-K and K-8 students. Also, Among the private schools in Glenview, Glenview New Church Schools, offers a Christian-based influence on its education. GNCS offers pre-K and K-8 as well as offering some part-time High School classes in the MANC (Midwestern Academy of the New Church) program. Glenview Montessori School, is a fully accredited, non-sectarian school for 2-6-year-olds and is part of the Deerfield Montessori Schools, one of the first Montessori schools established in Illinois.

Climate[edit]

Glenview has a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa), with summers generally wetter than the winters:

Climate data for Glenview, Illinois
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
76
(24)
86
(30)
91
(33)
94
(34)
104
(40)
103
(39)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
76
(24)
67
(19)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 32
(0)
37
(3)
47
(8)
60
(16)
72
(22)
81
(27)
86
(30)
83
(28)
76
(24)
64
(18)
51
(11)
37
(3)
60.5
(15.8)
Average low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
21
(−6)
30
(−1)
41
(5)
51
(11)
60
(16)
66
(19)
65
(18)
57
(14)
45
(7)
35
(2)
23
(−5)
42.6
(6)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−14
(−26)
−1
(−18)
11
(−12)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
41
(5)
45
(7)
33
(1)
15
(−9)
−5
(−21)
−19
(−28)
−25
(−32)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.00
(50.8)
1.86
(47.2)
2.68
(68.1)
3.56
(90.4)
3.35
(85.1)
4.12
(104.6)
4.13
(104.9)
4.98
(126.5)
3.32
(84.3)
2.54
(64.5)
3.34
(84.8)
2.23
(56.6)
38.11
(967.8)
Source: Bing Weather[19]

The highest recorded temperature was 104 °F (40 °C) in June 1988; the lowest recorded temperature was −25 °F (−32 °C) in January 1982.[19]

Religion[edit]

The Chicago Illinois Temple was built in 1985 and is located northwest of downtown Glenview.[20]

Glenview is home to a diverse religious community, including Catholics, Presbyterians, Lutherans, Methodists, Episcopalians, Jews, Muslims, and Hindus. Several religious communities are as old or older than the village itself. The village is home to two Catholic parishes, St. Catherine Laboure and Our Lady of Perpetual Help Parish.[21] In 1985, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints built the scenic Chicago Illinois Temple in Glenview to serve Mormons in Illinois and surrounding areas.[20]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zip Codes for Glenview, Cook County, Illinois". 
  2. ^ a b c d "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Glenview village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  3. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Glenview (village) QuickFacts". quickfacts.census.gov. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  6. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2009-2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (DP03): Glenview village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  7. ^ Dawson, Beverly; Donald Long; Dorothy Murphy; Ruth Nielsen; Virginia Peterson; Jean Voght. "History of Glenview". Glenview Area Historical Society. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  8. ^ Anne, Sullivan. "Tom Sullivan". Retrieved 12 Sep 2013. 
  9. ^ "Church tears down home of Glenview's 1st village president". Chicago Tribune. October 4, 2012. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Contact Us." Family Video. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
  12. ^ Village of Glenview CAFR
  13. ^ "Fireworks blasts injure 15". Daily Herald. 6 July 1985. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ Glenview Park District – The Grove National Historic Landmark
  16. ^ [3]
  17. ^ "Historic Wagner Farm". Retrieved 2011-10-22. 
  18. ^ a b "Glenview Park District". Retrieved 2011-10-22. 
  19. ^ a b "Glenview, Illinois Monthly Averages". Bing. 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. "Chicago Illinois Temple". ldschurchtemples.com. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Parish List". www.archchicago.org. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  22. ^ Kilian, Michael (March 15, 1999). "Something Of An Outsider". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  23. ^ Breo, Dennis (February 26, 1979). "Chicago's Artis Gilmore Is $4.5 Million Worth of Center-That Is and Isn't a Lot of Bull". People Magazine. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 

External links[edit]

School districts[edit]