Glenville, Cleveland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Glenville
Neighborhoods of Cleveland
Rockefeller Park with its historic bridges form much of  Glenville's western border.
Rockefeller Park with its historic bridges form much of Glenville's western border.
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga County
City Cleveland
Population (2000)
 • Total 23,559
  8.8% decrease from 1990 Census
Demographics
 • White 1.2%
 • Black 97.4%
 • Hispanic >1%
 • Asian >1%
 • Other >1%
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 44108
Area code(s) 216
Median income $21,686
Source: 2000 U.S. Census, City Planning Commission of Cleveland [1]

Glenville is a neighborhood on the east side of Cleveland, Ohio. It is roughly bounded between Rockefeller Park between on the west and Lakeview Road on the east, and by the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway on its the north and Wade Park Avenue to the south.

History[edit]

The Glenville neighborhood was founded in 1870 and was later annexed to the City of Cleveland in 1905. Glenville had been a small village, serving mainly as a resort community to Cleveland's upper-middle class residents, just beyond the eastern edge of the city limits.[2] From a period beginning shortly after its annexation and into the 1940s, Glenville was predominantly a Jewish neighborhood with a small African American population.[3] Since the 1960s, racial integration saw an accompanying civil unrest in the neighborhood, which reached its climax in the 1968 Glenville Shootout. Like much of the violence associated with civil unrest during the Civil Rights movement in other major US cities, as well as in the adjacent Hough neighborhood, racial tensions were a catalyst for an ensuing demographic shift.[4] Today, Glenville is predominantly African-American. While having been for over a half century, one of Cleveland's most visible examples of poverty, crime and urban decay, Glenville has in the early 21st century, gained more positive national media attention, particularly in its high school football team, which has rapidly become one of the better known preparatory programs in Ohio as well as the nation.[5][6]

Education[edit]

Glenville High School and its feeder schools serve the community at large.

Parks[edit]

Glenville is bordered on the northwest by Gordon Park (part of the Cleveland Lakefront State Park district)[7] and on the entirety of its immediate western edge by the winding Rockefeller Park. Built on land donated to the city by John D. Rockefeller in 1897, the wooded 276 acres, through which a section of Martin Luther King Drive runs, is known for its historic greenhouse and the Cultural Gardens, and is the largest park located completely within city limits.[8]

Notable people[edit]

The following is a list of residents who at one time were raised in Glenville:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°32′00″N 81°37′00″W / 41.533347°N 81.616588°W / 41.533347; -81.616588