Glenwood, Arkansas

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Glenwood, Arkansas
City
ChrisLitherlandGlenwood.jpg
Location in Pike County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Pike County and the state of Arkansas
Coordinates: 34°19′41″N 93°32′54″W / 34.32806°N 93.54833°W / 34.32806; -93.54833Coordinates: 34°19′41″N 93°32′54″W / 34.32806°N 93.54833°W / 34.32806; -93.54833
Country United States
State Arkansas
Counties Pike, Montgomery
Area
 • Total 6.0 sq mi (15.5 km2)
 • Land 5.64 sq mi (14.6 km2)
 • Water .36 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 561 ft (171 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,751
 • Density 625.4/sq mi (243.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71943
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-27310
GNIS feature ID 0077028

Glenwood is a city in Pike and Montgomery counties in Arkansas. The community is located along the Caddo River in the Ouachita Mountains. Glenwood was formed as a boomtown following the development of the Gurdon and Fort Smith Railroad and timber interests in the area. After the establishment of a paper mill, the community received a post office and incorporated in April 1908. Although the community saw its major employer leave during the Great Depression, the city has again seen rapid growth in recent decades. The city also sees significant tourism related to its scenic position in the Ouachitas and among several recreational lakes.

Geography[edit]

Glenwood is located at 34°19′41″N 93°32′54″W / 34.32806°N 93.54833°W / 34.32806; -93.54833 (34.328029, -93.548412).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.0 square miles (16 km2), of which 5.64 square miles (14.6 km2) is land and 0.36% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 768
1920 891 16.0%
1930 1,310 47.0%
1940 854 −34.8%
1950 843 −1.3%
1960 840 −0.4%
1970 1,212 44.3%
1980 1,402 15.7%
1990 1,354 −3.4%
2000 1,751 29.3%
2010 2,228 27.2%
Encyclopedia of Arkansas
History and Culture
[2]

At the 2000 census,[3] there were 1,751 people, 696 households and 446 families residing in the city. The population density was 630.5 per square mile (243.2/km²). There were 772 housing units at an average density of 278.0/sq mi (107.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.18% White, 1.03% Black or African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 8.79% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 11.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 696 households of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97.

23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 24.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median household income was $24,740 and the median family income was $32,829. Males had a median income of $26,528 compared with $16,354 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,137. About 17.2% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 19.6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The largest businesses/employers in Glenwood include John Plyler's Home Center, Wright's Food Center, Shelby Manufacturing, Glenwood Nursing and Rehab and local schools.

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual cultural events[edit]

The Pike County Fairgrounds is host to the Rhythm N' Roots Festival, an annual festival featuring music and a car/motorcycle show. It takes place in October each year.

Tourism[edit]

Glenwood is the site of Billy's House of Guitars and Musical Museum, which includes instruments and memorabilia from notable guitarists such as Johnny Cash, Bob Dylan, George Harrison, Elvis Presley and Pete Seeger. The museum is located on Broadway Street in downtown Glenwood.[4] The Glenwood Country Club is located on Highway 70 east of town.[5] An 18-hole public course with lodging and restaurant, the facility is listed on the Natural State Golf Trail, a collection of twelve elite courses in unique locations across the state.[6]

The city also sees significant tourism associated with the region's natural attractions. Canoeing and fishing are available on the Caddo River, which flows through the city before widening into DeGray Lake. The Little Missouri Falls area is a day-use area featuring picnic areas with grills, a hiking trail, and scenic overlook.[7] Crater of Diamonds State Park, DeGray Lake Resort State Park, Lake Greeson and Lake Ouachita are also nearby, offering further recreational opportunities to residents and visitors.

Education[edit]

Since 1995, as a result of consolidation of the former Glenwood School District, public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by Centerpoint School District. Area students graduate from Centerpoint High School. Nearby public school districts include Kirby School District, which graduates students through Kirby High School, and Caddo Hills School District, which graduates students via Caddo Hills High School.

Media[edit]

Glenwood is served by two main rural media outlets: the Glenwood Herald newspaper and KHGZ radio.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ Stewart, Charles W. (March 1, 2012). "Fayetteville (Washington County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Billy's House of Guitars & Musical Museum". Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Glenwood Country Club & Lodge". Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "The Natural State Golf Trail". Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Little Missouri Falls". Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism. Retrieved February 16, 2014.