Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
|Right ascension||11h 47m 41.3771s|
|Declination||+78° 41′ 28.178″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||10.78|
|B−V color index||1.6|
|V−R color index||0.8|
|R−I color index||0.8|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||−119 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: 743.58 mas/yr
Dec.: 480.47 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||185.52 ± 1.43 mas|
|Distance||17.6 ± 0.1 ly
(5.39 ± 0.04 pc)
Gliese 445 (Gl 445) is an M-type main sequence star in the constellation of Camelopardalis, close to Polaris. It is currently 17.6 light-years from the Sun and has an apparent magnitude of 10.8. It is visible from north of the Tropic of Cancer all night long, but not to the naked eye.
Voyager 1 
The star is notable because the Voyager 1 probe will pass within 1.6 light years of it in about 40,000 years. This implies Voyager 1 will move 16 light years in just 40,000 years. Elsewhere the cited article states that Voyager takes about 17,000 years to travel just 1 light year. The explanation is that Gliese 445 is rapidly moving in our direction. (see below)
Solar encounter 
While the Voyager probe flies through space slowly closing on Gliese 445, the star is rapidly approaching the Sun. At the time the probe passes Gliese 445, the star will be about 1.059 parsecs (3.45 light-years) from the Sun, but with less than half the brightness necessary to be seen with the naked eye. But the dwarf star will still be further away than other stars have achieved.
X-ray source 
Gliese 445 emits X-rays.
- LHS 2459 -- High proper-motion Star, database entry, SIMBAD. Accessed on line July 29, 2008.
- Bobylev, Vadim V. (March 2010). "Searching for Stars Closely Encountering with the Solar System". Astronomy Letters 36 (3): 220–226. arXiv:1003.2160. Bibcode:2010AstL...36..220B. doi:10.1134/S1063773710030060.
- AC+79 3888, entry, Catalogue of nearest stars until 10pc, V. A. Zakhozhaj, CDS ID V/101.
- Page 168, Planets Beyond: Discovering the Outer Solar System, Mark Littmann, Mineola, New York: Courier Dover Publications, 2004, ISBN 0-486-43602-0.
- NASA – Voyager - Mission - Interstellar Mission
- Schmitt JHMM, Fleming TA, Giampapa MS (September 1995). "The X-Ray View of the Low-Mass Stars in the Solar Neighborhood". Ap J. 450 (9): 392–400. Bibcode:1995ApJ...450..392S. doi:10.1086/176149.
- Wikisky image of TYC 4553-192-1 (Gliese 445)
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