Gliese 687

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Gliese 687
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Draco
Right ascension 17h 36m 25.8999s[1]
Declination +68° 20′ 20.909″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 9.15[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type M3.5 V[3]
U−B color index 1.06
B−V color index 1.49
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) –23.2[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –320.47[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –1269.55[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 220.86 ± 0.92[1] mas
Distance 14.77 ± 0.06 ly
(4.53 ± 0.02 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 10.87
Details
Mass 0.401 ± 0.040[5] M
Radius 0.492 ± 0.038[5] R
Surface gravity (log g) 4.66[5] cgs
Temperature 3,095 ± 107[5] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] +0.11 ± 0.20[5] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) <2.8[6] km/s
Other designations
BD +68°946, GCTP 4029.00, GJ 687, HIP 86162, LHS 450, LTT 15232, SAO 17568.[2]
Database references
SIMBAD data

Gliese 687, or GJ 687 (Gliese–Jahreiß 687) is a red dwarf in the constellation Draco. This is one of the closest stars to the Sun and lies at an approximate distance of less than 15 light years. Even though it is close by, it has a magnitude of about 9 so it can only be seen through a moderate sized telescope. The star has a high proper motion across the sky, advancing 1.304 arc seconds per year. It has a net relative velocity of about 39 km/s.[2] It is known to have a Neptune-mass planet.[7]

Properties[edit]

GJ 687 has about 40% of the Sun's mass and nearly 50% of the Sun's radius. Compared to the Sun, it has a slightly higher proportion of elements with higher atomic numbers than helium.[5] This star displays no excess of infrared radiation that would indicate orbiting dust.[8] It is known to have a Neptune-mass planet.[7]

X-ray source[edit]

Gliese 687 is a solitary red dwarf that emits X-rays.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Perryman, M. A. C. et al. (July 1997). "The HIPPARCOS Catalogue". Astronomy & Astrophysics 323: L49–L52. Bibcode:1997A&A...323L..49P. 
  2. ^ a b c "LHS 450 -- High proper-motion Star". SIMBAD. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  3. ^ Endl, Michael; Cochran, William D.; Kürster, Martin; Paulson, Diane B.; Wittenmyer, Robert A.; MacQueen, Phillip J.; Tull, Robert G. (September 2006). "Exploring the Frequency of Close-in Jovian Planets around M Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal 649 (1): 436–443. arXiv:astro-ph/0606121. Bibcode:2006ApJ...649..436E. doi:10.1086/506465. 
  4. ^ Evans, D. S. (June, 20-24, 1966). "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities". In Alan Henry Batten and John Frederick Heard. Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 30. University of Toronto: Academic Press. Bibcode:1967IAUS...30...57E. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Berger, D. H.; et al. (2006). "First Results from the CHARA Array. IV. The Interferometric Radii of Low-Mass Stars". The Astrophysical Journal 644 (1): 475–483. arXiv:astro-ph/0602105. Bibcode:2006ApJ...644..475B. doi:10.1086/503318. 
  6. ^ Jenkins, J. S.; Ramsey, L. W.; Jones, H. R. A.; Pavlenko, Y.; Gallardo, J.; Barnes, J. R.; Pinfield, D. J. (October 2009). "Rotational Velocities for M Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal 704 (2): 975–988. arXiv:0908.4092. Bibcode:2009ApJ...704..975J. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/704/2/975. 
  7. ^ a b The Lick–Carnegie exoplanet survey: Gliese 687 b: A Neptune-mass planet orbiting a nearby red dwarf
  8. ^ Gautier, Thomas N., III; et al. (September 2007). "Far-Infrared Properties of M Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal 667 (1): 527–536. arXiv:0707.0464. Bibcode:2007ApJ...667..527G. doi:10.1086/520667. 
  9. ^ Schmitt JHMM, Fleming TA, Giampapa MS (September 1995). "The X-ray view of the low-mass stars in the solar neighborhood". Ap J. 450 (9): 392–400. Bibcode:1995ApJ...450..392S. doi:10.1086/176149. 

External links[edit]