Gliese 777

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gliese 777
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Cygnus
Right ascension 20h 03m 37.41s[1]
Declination +29° 53′ 48.5″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +5.71 / +14.40
Characteristics
Spectral type G6IV / M4.5V
B−V color index 0.749
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) -45.3 km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 683.94 ± 0.22[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -524.70 ± 0.27[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 63.06 ± 0.34[1] mas
Distance 51.7 ± 0.3 ly
(15.86 ± 0.09 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +4.70 / +13.39
Details
Mass 0.9 M
Radius 1.2 R
Luminosity 1.11 L
Temperature 5417 K
Metallicity 1.38 × solar
Age 6.7 Gyr
Other designations
BD+29°3872, Gliese 777, HD 190360, HIP 98767, HR 7670
Database references
SIMBAD data
Exoplanet Archive data
ARICNS data
Extrasolar Planets
Encyclopaedia
data

Gliese 777, often abbreviated as Gl 777 or GJ 777, is a yellow subgiant approximately 52 light-years away in the constellation of Cygnus. The system is also a binary star system made up of two stars and possibly a third. As of 2005, two extrasolar planets are known to orbit the primary star.

Stellar components[edit]

The primary star of the system (catalogued as Gliese 777A) is a yellow subgiant, a Sun-like star that is ceasing fusing hydrogen in its core. The star is much older than the Sun being about 6700 million years old. It is 4% less massive than the Sun. It is also rather metal-rich having about 70% more "metals" (elements heavier than helium) than the Sun, which is typical to stars with extrasolar planets.

The secondary star (Gliese 777B) is a distant, dim red dwarf star orbiting the primary at a distance of 3,000 astronomical units. One orbit takes at least tens of thousands of years to complete. The star itself may be a binary, the secondary being a very dim red dwarf. Not much information is available on the star system.

Planetary system[edit]

In 2002 a discovery of a long-period, wide-orbiting planet (Gliese 777b) was announced by the Geneva extrasolar planet search team.[2] The planet orbited in circular path and the orbital eccentricity was increased in later measurements (e=0.36).[3] The planet was "Jupiter-twin" and was turned to "eccentric Jupiter" with mass about 1.5 times Jupiter and about the same size. In 2005 further observation of the star show another amplitude with a period of 17.1 days.[3] This indicates one of the smallest discovered planets at the time. The mass was only 18 times more than Earth or about same as Neptune with very low eccentricity. There was a METI message sent to Gliese 777. It was transmitted from Eurasia's largest radar, 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar. The message was named Cosmic Call 1, it was sent on July 1, 1999, and it will arrive at Gliese 777 in April 2051.[4]

The Gliese 777 planetary system[5]
Companion
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
(AU)
Orbital period
(days)
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
c ≥0.0600 ± 0.0076 MJ 0.1304 ± 0.0075 17.1110 ± 0.0048 0.237 ± 0.082
b ≥1.56 ± 0.13 MJ 4.01 ± 0.23 2915 ± 29 0.313 ± 0.019

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 20h 03m 37.41s, +29° 53′ 48.50″