|Fate||Government custodianship, moratorium on payments|
|Successor(s)||Nýi Glitnir (Icelandic business only)|
|Founded||Reykjavík, Iceland (traces history to 1904)|
|Defunct||7 October 2008|
|Key people||Þorsteinn Már Baldvinsson (Chairman of the board), Lárus Welding (CEO)|
|Profit||ISK 27,651 million (2007)|
|Total assets||ISK 2,948 billion (2007)|
Glitnir was an international Icelandic bank. It was created by the state-directed merger of the country's three privately held banks - Alþýðubanki (Union Bank), Verzlunarbanki (Bank of Commerce) and Iðnaðarbanki (Industrial Bank) - and one failing publicly held bank - Útvegsbanki (Fisheries Bank) - to form Íslandsbanki in 1990. At the time, Íslandsbanki was the only major privately held commercial bank in Iceland. It was publicly listed on the Iceland Stock Exchange, in 1993. Íslandsbanki subsequently merged with FBA Icelandic Investment Bank in 2000.
By 15 October 2009, it was decided that 95% of the new Íslandsbanki would be taken over by the creditors of Old Glitnir, while the government of Iceland would retain ownership of the remaining 5%.
A third of the company was owned by Stodir. A large share of Stodir was controlled by Baugur Group and Baugur Group reportedly by a number of companies which have address in a single mailbox in British Virgin Islands.
Overview of operations
The financial group Glitnir offered universal banking and was a leading niche player in three global segments; seafood/food, sustainable energy, and offshore supply vessels. Glitnir operated branches in London and Copenhagen, and had representative offices in Halifax, Canada and in Shanghai, China. Services included retail, corporate and investment banking, stock trade and capital management. Glitnir also had a fully owned bank in Luxembourg (Glitnir Bank Luxembourg S.A) and banks and financial services companies in Norway.
Glitnir considered Iceland and Norway its home markets. Since 2004, Glitnir had acquired BNbank and Glitnir bank (previously Kredittbanken), Glitnir Securities (previously Norse Securities) and Glitnir Kapitalforvaltning, the factoring company Glitnir Factoring (previously FactoNor), and 50.1 percent of Union Gruppen in Norway. In addition, Glitnir's subsidiary BNbank acquired 45 per cent of the shares in Norsk Privatøkonomi ASA, an independent financial advisory company with 12 branches in key areas of Norway, in July 2006.
Glitnir continued to expand its operations in the Nordic countries. In Sweden, Glitnir owns the leading Swedish brokerage firm Glitnir AB (formerly Fischer Partners). The acquisition of 68.1 per cent of the shares in the Finnish investment firm FIM was announced in early February 2007 and completed later in the spring of 2007. Glitnir announced strong profits for 2006, with a return on equity after tax of 39.4 per cent.
Government takes control
On October 7, 2008, the Government of Iceland nationalised Glitnir by acquiring a 75% share in the bank for €600 million through the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority. The government stated that it did not intend to keep the ownership of the bank for a long term period.
The Norwegian subsidiary of Glitnir Bank, Glitnir Bank ASA, was sold for NOK 300 million on October 21, 2008, or ISK 5.5 billion, but its current worth is estimated at ISK 36.5 billion. Glitnir Bank ASA was bought by 20 savings banks. The takeover was led by Finn Haugan, the managing director of Sparebanken Midt-Norge which acquired a 25-percent stake in the bank. SpareBank 1 SMN is headquartered in Trondheim and is Central Norway’s largest financial group.
Lárus Welding was the Chief Executive Officer of Glitnir when the bank was taken into government administration late September 2008. The Chief Executive Officer appointed by the Bank's Board of Directors is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the Bank pursuant to the policy and resolutions of the Board of Directors. It is also the task of the CEO to ensure that the bank's operations are at all times consistent with the Articles of Association of the Company and applicable legislation.
Þorsteinn Már Baldvinsson was elected Chairman of the Board in February 2008.
- "Annual Report 2007". Glitnir. Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- Íslandsbanki, Glitnir becomes Íslandsbanki (20 Feb 2009)
- Íslandsbanki, Creditors Acquire 95% of Share Capital in Íslandsbanki (15 Oct 2009)
- Íslandsbanki, New Strong Owners of Íslandsbanki (15 Oct 2009)
- Government takes control of Glitnir, Iceland's third-largest bank
- The Financial Supervisory Authority - Iceland, News: Based on New Legislation, the Icelandic Financial Supervisory Authority (FME) Proceeds to take Control of Glitnir to ensure Continued Commercial Bank Operations in Iceland (08.10.2008)
- Glitnir Bank, News: Glitnir's Operations Continued – Lárus Welding to continue as CEO (08.10.2008)
- "The government of Iceland acquires 75 percent share in Glitnir Bank". Glitnir. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- "News and Articles: The Government of Iceland provides Glitnir with new equity". Prime Minister's Office. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- "Iceland nationalises Glitnir bank". BBC News. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Glitnir ASA in Norway Sold under Value (Iceland Review Online)
- "New Chairman of Glitnir Bank". IceNews. 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Official Home Page (Icelandic) - http://www.glitnir.is/
- Official Home Page (Norwegian) - http://www.glitnir.no/
- Official Home Page (Swedish) - http://www.glitnir.se/
- Official Home Page (English) - http://www.glitnirbank.com
- Forbes Global 2000 (2007)