Global Innovation Index

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Global Innovation Index is an annual publication which features, among others, a composite indicator that ranks countries/economies in terms of their enabling environment to innovation and their innovation outputs.

For the 2013 edition, Cornell University joined INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization as co-publisher.

The Global Innovation Index 2013[edit]

Knowledge Partners[edit]

For the 2013 edition (6th edition), the Confederation of Indian Industry, Booz and Company, du and Huawei joined as Knowledge Partners.[1]

Advisory Board[edit]

An Advisory Board was set up in 2011. In 2013, it included fourteen experts from international organizations, academic institutions and public offices: Khalid S. Al-Sultan, Rector of King Fahad University for Petroleum & Minerals of Saudi Arabia; Daniele Archibugi, Technology Director at the Italian National Research Council (CNR) and Professor of Innovation at the University of London; Robert D. Atkinson, President of The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) of the United States of America; Robert Bell, Program Director at the National Science Foundation (NSF) of the United States of America; Irina Bokova, Director General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Dongmin Chen, Professor/Dean of the School of Innovation and Entrepreneurship and Director of the Office of Business Development for Science and Technology of Peking University, China; Leonid Gokhberg, Vice-rector of the Higher School of Economics of Russia and Director of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge; Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Director General of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN); Dr. R.A. Mashelkar, CSIR Bhatnagar Fellow & President, Global Research Alliance, National Chemical Laboratory; Diego Molano Vega, Minister of Information Technologies and Communications of Colombia; Sibusiso Sibisi, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa; Lynn St Amour, President and CEO of the Internet Society; Robert Steele, Secretary-General (CEO) of the International Organization for Standardization; and Hamadoun Touré, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

Statistical audit by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission[edit]

Since 2011, the rankings have been submitted to a statistical audit by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission.[2]

Conceptual framework[edit]

Chapter 1 of the publication presents the underlying conceptual framework of the publication and the ranking results, with special attention to the income group and regional classifications.

  • The Global Innovation Index is the simple average of the Input and Output Sub-Indices.
  • The Innovation Efficiency Ratio is the ratio of the Output Sub-Index over the Input Sub-Index.
  • The Innovation Input Sub-Index is the simple average of the first five pillar scores.
  • The Innovation Output Sub-Index is the simple average of the last two pillar scores.

Pillars:

  1. Institutions,
  2. Human capital and research,
  3. Infrastructure,
  4. Market sophistication,
  5. Business sophistication,
  6. Knowledge and technology outputs, and
  7. Creative outputs.

Each pillar is divided into three sub-pillars, each sub-pillar includes 3 to 6 indicators, for a total of 84 (60 hard data, 19 indices and 5 survey metrics). Detailed data tables can be found here (how to read).

Rankings[edit]

The 2013 edition covers 142 economies (1 more than in 2012), which account for 94.9% of the world’s population and 98.7% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (in current US dollars).[3]

Detailed country profiles can be found here (how to read).

Country/economy Region Income GII score rank Input score Rank Output score rank Efficiency score Rank
  Switzerland EUR HI 66.5 1 66.5 7 66.6 1 1.0 12
 Sweden EUR HI 61.3 2 67.8 5 54.8 3 0.8 55
 United Kingdom EUR HI 61.2 3 68.1 4 54.2 4 0.7 60
 Netherlands EUR HI 61.1 4 64.1 10 58.0 2 0.9 26
 United States NAC HI 60.3 5 69.1 3 51.4 12 0.7 86
 Finland EUR HI 59.5 6 66.6 6 52.3 8 0.7 67
 Hong Kong SEAO HI 59.4 7 70.6 2 48.2 15 0.6 109
 Singapore SEAO HI 59.4 8 72.2 1 46.5 18 0.6 121
 Denmark EUR HI 58.3 9 66.3 8 50.3 14 0.7 78
 Ireland EUR HI 57.9 10 64.0 12 51.7 11 0.8 57
 Canada NAC HI 57.6 11 64.7 9 50.4 13 0.7 68
 Luxembourg EUR HI 56.5 12 59.9 18 53.1 6 0.8 33
 Iceland EUR HI 56.3 13 59.6 21 53.1 7 0.8 30
 Israel NAWA HI 55.9 14 59.8 19 52.1 9 0.8 38
 Germany EUR HI 55.8 15 59.7 20 51.8 10 0.8 40
 Norway EUR HI 55.6 16 63.3 13 47.8 16 0.7 81
 New Zealand SEAO HI 54.4 17 62.7 15 46.1 19 0.7 90
 South Korea SEAO HI 53.3 18 62.0 16 44.5 24 0.7 95
 Australia SEAO HI 53.0 19 64.1 11 41.9 32 0.6 116
 France EUR HI 52.8 20 59.0 23 46.6 17 0.7 63
 Belgium EUR HI 52.4 21 59.4 22 45.4 22 0.7 75
 Japan SEAO HI 52.2 22 62.8 14 41.6 33 0.6 112
 Austria EUR HI 51.8 23 60.5 17 43.1 27 0.7 98
 Malta EUR HI 51.7 24 50.1 34 53.4 5 1.0 4
 Estonia EUR HI 50.6 25 55.6 25 45.5 21 0.8 51
 Spain EUR HI 49.4 26 57.8 24 40.9 35 0.7 101
 Cyprus NAWA HI 49.3 27 53.0 30 45.5 20 0.8 43
 Czech Republic EUR HI 48.3 28 53.4 27 43.2 26 0.8 53
 Italy EUR HI 47.8 29 53.3 28 42.3 29 0.7 62
 Slovenia EUR HI 47.3 30 53.2 29 41.4 34 0.7 70
 Hungary EUR HI 46.9 31 48.4 36 45.3 23 0.9 23
 Malaysia SEAO UM 46.9 32 51.7 32 42.1 30 0.8 52
 Latvia EUR UM 45.2 33 51.0 33 39.3 37 0.7 74
 Portugal EUR HI 45.0 34 52.1 31 38.0 39 0.7 92
 China SEAO UM 44.6 35 45.1 46 44.1 25 0.9 14
 Slovakia EUR HI 42.2 36 48.3 37 36.1 45 0.7 84
 Croatia EUR HI 41.9 37 46.1 43 37.7 41 0.8 50
 United Arab Emirates NAWA HI 41.8 38 53.9 26 29.7 81 0.5 133
 Costa Rica LCN UM 41.5 39 41.0 66 41.9 31 1.0 9
 Lithuania EUR UM 41.3 40 48.9 35 33.8 56 0.6 105
 Bulgaria EUR UM 41.3 41 43.9 50 38.7 38 0.8 35
 Saudi Arabia NAWA HI 41.2 42 45.8 44 36.5 44 0.7 61
 Qatar NAWA HI 41.0 43 47.8 38 34.1 52 0.7 97
 Montenegro EUR UM 40.9 44 47.6 40 34.2 50 0.7 94
 Moldova EUR LM 40.9 45 39.2 76 42.5 28 1.0 2
 Chile LCN UM 40.5 46 46.7 41 34.4 48 0.7 88
 Barbados LCN HI 40.4 47 46.6 42 34.2 49 0.7 91
 Romania EUR UM 40.3 48 42.8 55 37.8 40 0.8 34
 Poland EUR HI 40.1 49 47.8 39 32.4 64 0.6 110
 Kuwait NAWA HI 40.0 50 39.4 74 40.5 36 1.0 8
 Macedonia EUR UM 38.1 51 44.4 48 31.8 66 0.7 96
 Uruguay LCN UM 38.0 52 41.2 64 34.9 46 0.8 45
 Mauritius SSF UM 37.9 53 42.2 60 33.7 57 0.7 59
 Serbia EUR UM 37.8 54 41.5 63 34.1 51 0.8 49
 Greece EUR HI 37.7 55 45.7 45 29.7 82 0.6 118
 Argentina LCN UM 37.6 56 38.7 78 36.5 43 0.9 20
 Thailand SEAO UM 37.6 57 42.6 57 32.5 61 0.7 76
 South Africa SSF UM 37.5 58 43.9 51 31.2 71 0.7 99
 Armenia NAWA LM 37.5 59 40.4 71 34.7 47 0.8 42
 Colombia LCN UM 37.3 60 42.5 59 32.2 65 0.7 79
 Jordan NAWA UM 37.2 61 42.0 61 32.5 63 0.7 73
 Russia EUR UM 37.1 62 43.7 52 30.6 72 0.6 104
 Mexico LCN UM 36.8 63 40.7 68 32.9 60 0.8 56
 Brazil LCN UM 36.3 64 40.8 67 31.8 68 0.7 69
 Bosnia and Herzegovina EUR UM 36.2 65 42.5 58 29.9 78 0.7 103
 India CSA LM 36.1 66 35.7 87 36.5 42 1.0 11
 Bahrain NAWA HI 36.1 67 44.5 47 27.7 90 0.6 123
 Turkey NAWA UM 36.0 68 37.9 81 34.0 53 0.8 29
 Peru LCN UM 35.9 69 40.5 70 31.3 70 0.7 72
 Tunisia NAWA UM 35.8 70 38.1 80 33.5 59 0.8 36
 Ukraine EUR LM 35.7 71 37.9 83 33.6 58 0.8 31
 Mongolia SEAO LM 35.7 72 44.0 49 27.4 93 0.6 122
 Georgia NAWA LM 35.5 73 41.6 62 29.4 83 0.7 100
 Brunei SEAO HI 35.5 74 43.0 54 27.9 89 0.6 119
 Lebanon NAWA UM 35.4 75 42.7 56 28.2 88 0.6 114
 Vietnam SEAO LM 34.8 76 35.5 89 34.0 54 0.9 17
 Belarus EUR UM 34.6 77 39.4 75 29.7 79 0.7 82
 Guyana LCN LM 34.3 78 34.8 94 33.8 55 0.9 15
 Dominican Republic LCN UM 33.2 79 34.9 93 31.5 69 0.9 28
 Oman NAWA HI 33.2 80 43.2 53 23.2 111 0.5 134
 Trinidad and Tobago LCN HI 33.1 81 37.9 82 28.3 87 0.7 85
 Jamaica LCN UM 32.8 82 36.7 85 28.9 84 0.7 65
 Ecuador LCN UM 32.8 83 33.8 100 31.8 67 0.9 21
 Kazakhstan CSA UM 32.7 84 40.7 69 24.7 106 0.6 126
 Indonesia SEAO LM 31.9 85 31.3 115 32.5 62 1.0 6
 Panama LCN UM 31.8 86 39.6 73 24.0 108 0.6 127
 Guatemala LCN LM 31.4 87 35.2 91 27.6 91 0.7 66
 El Salvador LCN LM 31.3 88 35.6 88 27.0 96 0.7 80
 Uganda SSF LI 31.2 89 31.9 109 30.4 75 0.9 19
 Philippines SEAO LM 31.1 90 32.3 108 30.0 77 0.9 24
 Botswana SSF UM 31.1 91 41.1 65 21.1 125 0.5 136
 Morocco NAWA LM 30.8 92 35.3 90 26.4 99 0.7 83
 Albania EUR LM 30.8 93 39.0 77 22.6 118 0.5 129
 Ghana SSF LM 30.5 94 33.9 99 27.2 95 0.8 58
 Bolivia LCN LM 30.4 95 32.5 106 28.4 86 0.8 37
 Senegal SSF LM 30.4 96 31.1 116 29.7 80 0.9 18
 Fiji SEAO LM 30.4 97 40.2 72 20.6 129 0.5 137
 Sri Lanka CSA LM 30.4 98 30.5 118 30.2 76 0.9 13
 Kenya SSF LI 30.2 99 34.1 98 26.4 100 0.7 71
 Paraguay LCN LM 30.2 100 33.2 104 27.3 94 0.8 48
 Tajikistan CSA LI 30.0 101 31.5 113 28.4 85 0.9 27
 Belize LCN LM 29.9 102 34.7 95 25.2 102 0.7 93
 Cape Verde SSF LM 29.6 103 37.7 84 21.6 122 0.5 130
 Swaziland SSF LM 29.5 104 28.6 124 30.5 74 1.0 5
 Azerbaijan NAWA UM 28.9 105 35.0 92 22.9 114 0.6 117
 Mali SSF LI 28.8 106 27.0 132 30.5 73 1.1 1
 Honduras LCN LM 28.7 107 34.6 96 22.9 115 0.6 115
 Egypt NAWA LM 28.4 108 33.8 101 23.1 112 0.6 108
 Namibia SSF UM 28.3 109 38.2 79 18.4 134 0.4 139
 Cambodia SEAO LI 28.0 110 30.0 120 26.1 101 0.8 39
 Gabon SSF UM 28.0 111 30.9 117 25.0 104 0.8 54
 Rwanda SSF LI 27.6 112 33.6 102 21.6 121 0.6 120
 Iran CSA UM 27.3 113 32.4 107 22.1 120 0.6 107
 Venezuela LCN UM 27.2 114 26.9 134 27.5 92 1.0 10
 Nicaragua LCN LM 27.1 115 33.4 103 20.7 128 0.6 125
 Burkina Faso SSF LI 27.0 116 30.2 119 23.8 109 0.7 64
 Kyrgyzstan CSA LI 26.9 117 34.5 97 19.3 133 0.5 131
 Zambia SSF LM 26.7 118 28.3 128 25.1 103 0.8 32
 Malawi SSF LI 26.7 119 28.6 125 24.8 105 0.8 41
 Nigeria SSF LM 26.5 120 26.2 137 26.9 97 1.0 7
 Mozambique SSF LI 26.4 121 31.7 111 21.2 124 0.6 111
 Gambia SSF LI 26.3 122 28.4 127 24.3 107 0.8 44
 Tanzania SSF LI 26.3 123 31.7 110 20.9 127 0.6 113
 Lesotho SSF LM 26.2 124 35.8 86 16.7 136 0.4 140
 Cameroon SSF LM 25.7 125 27.9 131 23.4 110 0.8 47
 Guinea SSF LI 25.7 126 24.7 139 26.6 98 1.0 3
 Benin SSF LI 25.0 127 29.7 121 20.4 130 0.6 106
   Nepal CSA LI 24.9 128 28.3 129 21.5 123 0.7 77
 Ethiopia SSF LI 24.7 129 28.4 126 21.0 126 0.7 87
 Bangladesh CSA LI 24.5 130 26.5 135 22.4 119 0.8 46
 Niger SSF LI 24.0 131 28.1 130 19.8 131 0.7 102
 Zimbabwe SSF LI 23.9 132 25.1 138 22.8 116 0.9 25
 Uzbekistan CSA LM 23.8 133 31.5 114 16.2 138 0.5 135
 Syria NAWA LM 23.7 134 32.8 105 14.6 140 0.4 142
 Angola SSF UM 23.4 135 24.2 140 22.7 117 0.9 22
 Ivory Coast SSF LM 23.4 136 26.9 133 19.8 132 0.7 89
 Pakistan CSA LM 23.3 137 23.6 142 22.9 113 0.9 16
 Algeria NAWA UM 23.1 138 31.6 112 14.6 141 0.4 141
 Togo SSF LI 23.0 139 29.5 122 16.5 137 0.5 132
 Madagascar SSF LI 22.9 140 28.8 123 17.0 135 0.5 128
 Sudan SSF LM 19.8 141 26.5 136 13.1 142 0.4 138
 Yemen NAWA LM 19.3 142 23.8 141 14.7 139 0.6 124

Notes:

  • Colored cells correspond to quintiles: 1st green (up to 25), 2nd blue (26 to 50), 3rd yellow (51 to 80), 4th orange (81 to 110), and 5th red (111 to 142).
  • Economies are grouped on the basis of the United Nations Classification for regions: EUR = Europe; NAC = Northern America; LCN = Latin America and the Caribbean; CSA = Central and Southern Asia; SEAO = South East Asia and Oceania; NAWA = Northern Africa and Western Asia; SSF = Sub-Saharan Africa
  • World Bank income group classification: HI High-income; UM Upper-middle income; LM Lower-middle Income; and LI Low-income countries/economies.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • [1] The Global Innovation Index website