Global storm activity of mid-2010
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The global storm activity of mid-2010 includes major meteorological events in the Earth's atmosphere from the first day of May to the last day of September. These include winter storms (blizzards, ice storms, European windstorms), hailstorms, out of season monsoon rain storms, extratropical cyclones, gales, microbursts, flooding, rainstorms and other severe weather.
- 1 May
- 2 June
- 3 July
- 4 August
- 5 September
- 5.1 September 1–7
- 5.2 September 9–13
- 5.3 September 14–18
- 5.4 September 19–22
- 5.5 September 23–25
- 5.6 September 26–30
- 6 See also
- 7 References
May 1–7: Asia
May 1–7: Europe
Heavy rain fell in western Azerbaijan on May 1. By May 2, a rain-induced landslide in Alunitdag village in Dashkasan District (western Azerbaijan) covered the yards of two smallholdings. Between May 2 and 3, two people were killed when their home collapsed in the village of Duzenli in Salyan District. It happened at about 7:45 local time.[clarification needed] On May 5, further rain and flooding happened in most of the country's east.
May 10 – July 14
The 2010 South China floods began in early May 2010. 392 people died and a further 232 people were reported missing as of June 30, 2010; this included 57 people in a landslide in Guizhou. 53 of the deaths occurred from the flooding and landslides between May 31 and June 3, and 266 deaths occurred between June 13 and June 29. 424 people were killed by the end of June, including 42 from the Guizhou landslide; 118 more were killed and 47 left missing in the start of July, bringing the death toll to 542. More than 72.97 million people in 22 provinces, municipalities and regions, including the southern and central provinces of Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Chongqing Municipality, Sichuan and Guizhou were affected, while at least 4.66 million people were evacuated because of the risk of flooding and landslides in the latter half of June.
May 16 – June 1
The 2010 Central European floods were a particularly devastating series of weather events that occurred across several Central European countries during May, June and August 2010. Poland was the worst affected. Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Serbia and the Ukraine were also affected.
On May 16, in southern Serbia about 300 people were evacuated due to flooding after heavy rainfall in the country. The flooded area was left with no electricity, telephone lines, or running mains water. Two people drowned in a flooded Pčinja River.
May 20–26: Americas
Heavy rain began to fall in Guatemala City on the 24th, causing local rivers to flood. Heavy rain was also reported in parts of Mexico, Honduras, and southwestern Brazil.
As the storm moved inland, torrential rains triggered flash flooding and landslides in parts of Honduras on May 30. At least 45 homes were destroyed and one person was killed in the country. On May 31, the presidents of both El Salvador and Honduras declared a state of emergency for their respective countries. Tropical Storm Agatha had picked up speed and strength over the Central American state of Belize, in the Atlantic basin, on May 31.
May 20–26: Asia
The 2010 Indian heatwave was a period of extremely hot weather occurring during the summer of 2010 in India and much of South Asia. Said to be the harshest summer since 1800, the heat wave killed hundreds of people due to heat exhaustion and food poisoning.
On May 24, 400 people held a protest in the 1,500-strong village of Altit over the lack of aid provision,[clarification needed] following a visit to the settlement by Pakistan's Prime Minister. One protestor said he was sheltering in a Gilgit school building and that there were too few doctors in the camp. The only reliable means of transport in the disaster zone was by Army helicopter. About 32 villages in the Hunza–Nagar District were said by the local administration to be flooded. The flooding lake was formed after a 2.5-meter (8.2 ft) deep landslide in January.
The hottest temperature ever recorded in Asia was reached in Mohenjo-daro, Sindh, Pakistan at 53.7 °C (128.7 °F), on May 26, and multiple cities in Pakistan saw temperatures above 43 °C (109 °F). The previous record for Pakistan, and for all of Asia, was reached at 52.7 °C (126.9 °F) in Sindh Province on June 12, 1919. By May 27, after temperatures higher than 45 °C (113 °F) hit areas across the country, at least 18 people died in Pakistan from the heat.
May 20–26: Europe
The Vistula river burst its banks on May 21 and flooded nearby towns. Warsaw was put on flood alert. 23,000 people were displaced in the worst Polish floods in 160 years. EU officials said Poland would receive 100 million euros in aid from the European Union solidarity fund. The Vistula was at a 160-year high and £2,000,000 worth of damage was done in Poland. Austria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland all witness heavy rainfall, as rivers begin to swell in Slovenia and eastern Germany.
On May 23, the floods hit the city of Wrocław as the Ślęza river broke a dyke and flooded into the Kozanow neighborhood. The Vistula River reached 7.8 meters (26 ft) in height and, like the floods in general, was at a level not seen in 60 years.
On May 24, levees failed or were tactically dynamited, southern Poland was hopelessly flooded, and the River Oder began to flood Germany. $2,500,000,000 worth of damage was done in Poland as the river Vistula flooded along its entire length and Poland's death toll reached 15.
By May 25, another £400,000,000 worth of damage was done and 15 Poles were reported dead. Flooding also affected nearby parts of Germany.
Parts of Lower Austria, the Polish town of Slubice and the German city of Frankfurt an der Order started to be flooded from the rivers Spree and Oder on May 27 due to heavy rain. Heavy rain fell across the English Midlands.
May 20–26: Middle East
A large dust storm swept across both Libya and Egypt on May 26.
On May 30 Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom declared a ‘state of calamity’ as the first tropical storm of the Eastern Pacific hurricane season, Hurricane Agatha flooded about 600 homes and killed 12 people the day after a volcanic eruption. The rain made the volcanic ash set like concrete on and around Guatemala City and the city's main airport. A total of thirteen people had already died in El Salvador the day before. In El Salvador, one person drowned when a river flooded, according to civil protection agency spokesman Armando Vividor. People living in or traveling to flood zones in the capital and five other cities were to relocate to shelters, according to a statement on the civil protection agency's website. The Miami-based National Hurricane Centre issued an advisory that the storm had strengthened, with maximum sustained winds of 45 miles per hour (72 km/h) or more predicted during the next 48 hours.
June 1–6: Americas
On June 1, the National Hurricane Centre stated that the remnants of Tropical Storm Agatha had only a low chance of regeneration in the western Caribbean Sea. By the next day, the thunderstorm activity associated with Agatha in the western Caribbean had dissipated and it was only a bad storm. The storm had severely damaged Guatemala's principal airport with rain induced floods. It also resulted in the death of 1 person in Nicaragua, 152 people killed and 100 left missing in Guatemala (due to landslides), 13 deaths in El Salvador and 16 fatalities in Honduras. On June 6, the remnants of Tropical Storm Agatha dissipated completely, after hitting Honduras.
June 1–6: Asia
June 1–6: Europe
On June 2, police in the Czech Republic warned of vehicles’ aquaplaning after a man died in a flooded street due to it. In Slovakia, a 38 year old man died searching for another man who had fallen into a swollen river. 2,000 people were evacuated in the northern Hungarian town of Paszto. Major flood alerts hit Serbia and Bosnia as their rivers swelled with floodwater. Government officials in Serbia said the situation was "critical". A Croatian drowned in a flooding Istrian river. A total of 250 liters (66 U.S. gal; 55 imp gal) of rain fell per 1 square meter (11 sq ft) in Zupanja, Croatia, on June 3. The Croatian government sent 5,000 1.5 litres (1.6 US qt) bottles to the Zupanja region and the Croatian Red Cross launched an emergency appeal. Meanwhile, there was more rain in Croatia and Slovenia. On June 2, several heavy thunderstorms also hit the high Swiss Alps, accompanied by heavy snow in some places.
The Hungarian flood level was critical on June 5.
June 1–6: Middle East
The 93 mph (150 km/h) Cyclone Phet hits Oman's Masirah Island after 1,000 Omanis and 50,000 Pakistanis were evacuated on June 4. (Phet (Thai: เพชร) is a Thai word meaning diamond.) Cyclone Phet made landfall at Thatta about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south from Karachi, Pakistan on June 6, 2010 at about 16:30 GMT.
June 1–6: Oceania
June 6 saw heavy rain hit the sun-scorched UK and Ireland. Heathrow Airport had June 6‘s hottest spot at 28 °C (82 °F).
On June 7, 150 Polish schools were closed, flood hit Slovakia received 25,000,000 Euros ($30,000,000) in EU aid, and river levels in Budapest reached 8.2 meters (27 ft). The death toll included 1 Hungarian, 3 Slovaks, and 25 Poles.
The Polish towns of Wilkow[disambiguation needed] and Winiary[disambiguation needed] flooded. The river level in Warsaw reached 7.80 meters (25.6 ft) and a local dam collapsed, flooding part of the city on June 8. The Polish city of Sandomierz was cut off by flooding.
The mayor of Janowiec appealed for aid and criticized the Polish government's handling of the affair. 42,000 people were affected and more than 12,000 houses were flooded in the province of Podkarpackie. 20 Poles were confirmed as dead as the Vistula river ran amok in Poland on June 9. The general elections on June 20 were suspended due to the chaos caused by the floods.
June 13–17: Asia
About 42 people were killed by heavy monsoon-related landslides, winds and flash floods in the south of Bangladesh on June 15. Some flooding was also reported in India's Tamil Nadu and West Bengal provinces.
June 13–17: Europe
Over June 15 and 16 about 40 cm (16 in) of rain fell in the French Côte d'Azur region. At least 1,000 people were evacuated and spent the night in empty schools or other temporary shelters, and some 175,000 houses were estimated to have been left without power as rescue teams moved 436 prisoners from a flooded jail in Draguignan. The rain was worst in Roquebrune-sur-Argens and Frejus; it continued into June 17. Both rail and air travel in the region were interrupted, with 300 or so passengers who were traveling on a high-speed train between Nice and Lille trapped by floodwater spilling over the tracks near Nice. The railway line between Toulon and Frejus was closed until the morning of June 17 due to water-induced subsidence of the track and debris on the line. Fallen trees and landslides also blocked many roads for the next 24 hours. Meteorologists said it was the worst such event in the region since 1827. The ultimate death toll was 22.
June 21–30: Americas
On June 25, the Category 3 strength Hurricane Darby hit Mexico's Pacific coast (passing 245 miles (395 km) south-west of Acapulco) with hurricane force winds reaching up to 22 miles (35 km) from the eye.
June 21–30: Asia
June 27 to 29 saw the heaviest rainfall for 300 years in the Luolou township of the Chinese Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region. 6,673 people were affected; the town was cut off, schools were closed, and people traveled by boat.
On July 30 Malteser International, the relief service of the Order of Malta, gave disaster relief to about 10,000 in the flood-ravaged Swat District of Pakistan. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa saw at least 400,000 people affected by the floods, which were the most severe ones since 1929. The abnormally heavy rain killed 300 Pakistanis and a cholera epidemic was expected[clarification needed] in its wake.
June 21–30: Europe
1,870 people were evacuated from 10 villages in Suceava county, as the Siret river threatened to overflow on the afternoon of June 28. Some 1,100 sheep were moved to higher ground in the mostly rural region. Refugees were taken by local monasteries, schools, cultural centers, and relatives. Gheorghe Flutur, president of Suceava county, said his region was one of the worst hit in the country. Later that day, the Siret river threatened to break through the dikes protecting the town of Şendreni, as locals and emergency services reinforced the dikes with sandbags by the truck-full to prevent the river from breaking out and flooding the town.
The north-eastern town of Dorohoi witnessed six deaths on June 29 as floods rose to just over 1 meter (3.3 ft) in some places. Several roads into Dorohoi remained either washed away or under water. Ten people were killed by the floods in total. The railway line to the Ukraine, electricity pylons, bridges, and roads were damaged across northern and eastern Romania.
The Romanian counties of Alba, Arad, Bacău, Botoşani, Brașov, Cluj, Hunedoara, Iași, Mehedinţi, Neamţ, Olt, Prahova, Sălaj, Sibiu, Suceava, Timiş, Tulcea, Vâlcea, and Vrancea were flooded in late June.[clarification needed] Botoşani, Suceava, and Tulcea counties took the brunt of the damage. Also affected was Chernivtsi province in the neighboring Ukraine.
On June 29 and 30, Romanian Prime Minister Emil Boc toured the devastated regions in the north-east of the country. Romanian Interior Minister Vasile Blaga told parliament that the losses were equivalent to 0.6% of GDP. The agriculture ministry estimated that, of 2,000,000 hectares (7,700 sq mi; 20,000 km2) of arable land, 12,000 hectares (46 sq mi; 120 km2) were damaged. Moldova and the Ukraine had yet to assess the crisis in their flooded regions. Russia gave 70 tonnes (77 short tons; 69 long tons) of humanitarian aid to the Ukraine.
On July 9 the EU's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection representative, Kristalina Georgieva, let[clarification needed] Belgium send aid to Romania. The fortnight-long floods in Rumania killed 23–24 people, injured 43, made 7,000–18,000 homeless, and caused 60,000,000 Euros (US$76,000,000) of damage. Romania is part of the EU‘s Civilian Solidarity Mechanism. One Ukrainian was killed by the floods in the Ukraine's Chernivtsi region.
July 2–9: Americas
July 2–9: Asia
Unusually heavy rain hit Phnom Penh, causing transport chaos. The chief of Phnom Penh Municipality's sewage system department said that several hours of rain had overwhelmed the city's drains and flooded most streets. 30–60 centimetres (12–24 in) of rain fell on June 2.
On July 7, 2010 five people died and eight were missing after torrential rains caused flash floods in Huangyuan County, in China's overheating Qinghai Province. The rain hit six towns at about 10 p.m. and lasted for about 40 minutes that night. It triggered floods that cut transport links, phone, power, and water supplies. Over 80 homes collapsed and 770 were flooded. Disaster relief operations were under way during the heavy flooding, but the county government was still assessing the full losses and financial implications of the heat wave and flash flood. Rumors that a homeless old man had been crushed to death in a partly collapsed house were denied by rescue workers.
July 8 saw the highest temperature across the People's Republic of China so far in the summer of 2010, along with heavy rainstorms. Local authorities and the National Meteorological Center also issued an orange flood alert in central and southwest China; the worst floods for 40 years hit these regions. Part of the floods in southeastern Sichuan province was sewage from a failed sewer.
Heavy rains hit the Hubei and Anhui provinces on July 8 and caused a 3.3-foot (1 m) deep flood which killed 1 person and made 500,000 homeless. On July 9 over 27,370 hectares (105.7 sq mi; 273.7 km2) of farmland were flooded, 242 houses collapsed, and at least 10,157 residents were evacuated in Hubei province according to the Civil Affairs Bureau. Anhui saw 10-year flood and 50-year temperature records, the latter increasing both air-conditioner sales and electricity consumption in Beijing and nearby cities. Both the Golmud river and the Wenquan reservoir overflowed.
July 8 saw the Indian states of Haryana, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh flooded and arterial highways connecting Delhi to northern towns cut or directly threatened with flooding. Delhi-Manali National Highway 21 remained closed for a second day after water from the rain swollen Beas river flooded in several places near Aut.
A 160-foot (49 m) breach opened up in the rain-swollen Sutlej Yamuna link canal and two army columns[clarification needed] were deployed for rescue and evacuation missions in the disaster zone. The overflowing Ghaggar-Hakra River also flooded Punjab's Patiala district, killing three people.
July 2–9: Europe
On July 2 Brussels saw its hottest day since 1976. France, Germany, and the Spanish resort Benidorm had record temperatures as part of Europe's July heat wave. Several heavy thunderstorms hit the low Swiss Alps, accompanied by heavy sleet in some places.
On July 3 a heat wave hit parts of Ryazan province and the cities of Bucharest and Budapest, killing a Romanian man with heatstroke. Heavy thunderstorms hit the high Swiss Alps, accompanied by heavy snow in some locations.
July 10–14: Asia
On July 11, heavy floods hit Haryana in India and damaged the archaeological site of Jognakhera, where ancient copper smelting had been found dating back almost 5,000 years. The Indus valley civilization site was hit by almost 10 feet (3.0 m) of water as the Sutlej Yamuna Link Canal overflowed.
July 10–14: Europe
On July 11, temperatures skyrocketed in Vienna, Berlin, Munich, Amsterdam, Madrid, Lisbon, Zürich, and Bucharest. More heavy thunderstorms hit the high Swiss Alps, accompanied by heavy snow in some places.
On July 12, France and Belgium also saw record temperatures.
Alpine and North Sea thunderstorms swept across south-east and north-west Germany respectively. Heavy rain fall was also reported in parts of the Netherlands, Ireland, Normandy and the English Midlands on July 13.
July 10–14: Middle East
Heavy rain and thunderstorms hit the town of Samail in Oman's northern coastal mountain range on July 14. On that day, heavy rain also fell in most of Iran's East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan provinces.
July 15–22: Americas
Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Texas, Kansas and Nebraska had heavy thunderstorms with a bad tornado in Northfield, Minnesota on July 16. Later in the day all of Manitoba, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Tennessee, Mississippi, Wisconsin, and Minnesota had heavy storms. The heat wave was at last dead and blown away by the storms.
July 15–22: Europe
The 2010 Var floods were the result of heavy rainfall in southern France that caused severe floods in the Var department in the evening of July 15, 2010. As well as generalized flooding, there were also flash floods. Meteorologists said the floods were the worst in the region since 1827, with more than 16 in (400 mm) of rain falling in less than 24 hours. At least 25 people were killed, and 14 people were missing.
Trees and chimney pots fell as 84 mph (135 km/h) winds hit parts of Wales and the Bristol Channel area, between July 15 and 16. The winds hit Cardiff, Porthmadog, Pontcanna Fields near Cardiff, coastal Pembrokeshire, southern Monmouthshire, Cheltenham, Gloucester, Aberystwyth, Portmeirion, and Prenteg as heavy gales passed over South Wales and the Bristol Channel.
July 15–22: Asia
On July 15 the regional representative of the American Red Cross had praise for the Chinese people, the Chinese Red Cross, and China‘s Ministry of Civil Affairs for their efforts in fighting the flood. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) was praised for sending contingents of soldiers across the country to any location where a disaster had struck.
Both the Xinjiang region in the northwest and Yunnan province in the south were affected by flooding. In all, flood waters inundated parts of at least 24 of China's 34 provinces and regions on July 20. By July 20, the Yangtze River at the Three Gorges Dam experienced its highest river discharge in 130 years, and the highest since the dam was built. The dam's walls released 40,000 cubic metres (11,000,000 US gal; 40,000,000 L) of water, while 30,000 cubic metres (7,900,000 US gal; 30,000,000 L) per second of the river flow was held back in behind the dam, after water levels in the Reservoir had risen 4 meters (13 ft) overnight. The reservoir's water levels peaked at 158.86 meters (521.2 ft) on the morning of July 23; the alarm level for the reservoir was 145 meters (476 ft). All ferry service in the reservoir was halted when the total flow rate exceeded 45,000 cubic metres (12,000,000 US gal; 45,000,000 L) per second, although the crest of the flooding passed the dam by July 24. A second peak in the river arrived at the dam on July 28, when the peak flow from the dam was a record 56,000 cubic metres (15,000,000 US gal; 56,000,000 L) per second.
It was officially revealed on July 21 that more than 701 people were dead and 347 were missing due to the severe flooding in China so far; the floods have caused the highest death toll since 1998, which saw the highest water levels in 50 years. The floods have affected 100 rivers, 117 million people in 27 provinces, and seven cities. 9,000,000 hectares (35,000 sq mi; 90,000 km2) of farmland and 645,000 houses have been destroyed, and 8,000,000 people have been evacuated (about the population of New Jersey).
The overall damage totaled 142,200,000,000 Yuan or £13,700,000,000. The Three Gorges Dam project prevented floods like those in 1998, which killed several thousands. The shipping channels in the Three Gorges Dam were closed, but the dam wall was holding for the time being.
The Pakistan Meteorological Department said that over 200 millimeters (7.9 in) of rain fell over a 24-hour period over a number of places in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab. A record breaking 274 millimeters (10.8 in) rain fell in Peshawar over one 24-hour period; the previous record was 187 millimeters (7.4 in) of rain in 24 hours, recorded in April 2009. Many areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa saw more than 200 millimeters (7.9 in) of rain over July 28 and 29, breaking a 35 year-old record. Heavy rainfall was reported all over the Hindu Kush mountains. 80 died in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, mostly in the Swat Valley.
On July 31 the information minister of Pakistan's northwestern Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa province, Mian Iftikhar Hussain, said the latest deaths were in this region. Eight hundred died and thousands had diarrhea, fever and other waterbourne illnesses. About 45 bridges were destroyed in the worst floods since 1928; this severely hampered rescuers, who lacked helicopters.
On July 31, Peshawar in Pakistan was cut off and Pakistani-held parts of Kashmir were also flooded, while the abnormally strong monsoon killed 65 people in mountainous areas across the border in Afghanistan. The EU pledged to give €30,000,000 to Pakistan in aid supplies.[clarification needed] 1600 were confirmed dead in Pakistan by the end of August and 60 were dead in Afghanistan by July 31. All 300,000 people in Peshwar were cut off by the flood waters, but helicopters were still able to land there, according to a Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa provincial official (Mian Iftikhar Hussain). It remained so on August 1, 2010.
August 1–2: Asia
On August 1 floods occurred in south-east Afghanistan and continued in the Indus Valley. 1,100–1,400 Pakistani people had been killed and 27,000–30,000 were trapped on high ground, clinging to rooftops and trees. India also suffered substantial dislocations of its road network as rescue workers used boats and helicopters in both nations. There were 900 cases of water-carried illness in Pakistan; the town of Nowshera was flooded.
The rain continued to fall on parts of Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iranian Baluchistan, and snow blanketed the Pamir Mountains and Ladakh on August 2. About 2,500,000 Pakistanis were now homeless according to the International Red Cross and Mian Iftikhar Hussain said there might be a cholera epidemic in his Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
August 1–2: Europe
Some 4,000 soldiers were called in to help fight both the 6 rumoured and several known fires in the Moscow Oblast. Over 5,000 people were evacuated from their homes and Vladimir Putin organised an emergency meeting for August 2 with the governors of the various regions in the Central and Southern Federal Districts devastated by the fires. The grain harvest in the disaster zone was destroyed.
August 6–11: Americas
On August 11, the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) issued a warning that about 1⁄3 of America's 80,000 dams and levees had a "high" or "significant" hazard to life and property if a catastrophic structural failure occurred.
August 6–11: Asia
August 7 in China had 700 people known to have been killed and more than 1,000 people still missing and presumed dead as landslides demolished hundreds of buildings, including several seven stories high buildings in the remote Zhouqu county of Gansu province after several days of heavy rain in the county.
The major landslides were triggered by torrential rains and covered an area of 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) by 500 meters (1,600 ft). 45,000 people in Zhouqu county were evacuated as 7,000 soldiers, fire-fighters and medical staff deployed to tackle the disaster. The worst floods for a decade killed over 2,100 and millions more were displaced nationwide.
A report compiled by Lanzhou University in 2006 had warned that the felling of the forests around Zhouqu for coal mining and agriculture would cause heavy soil erosion and destabilize hillsides. The construction of a major highway and more than 40 hydroelectric dam and recovery systems in the steep valleys acted to further destabilize the local geology, according to leading Chinese geologist Fan Xiao.
August 10 saw China's state-run Xinhua news agency report that the authorities sent nearly 3,000 soldiers and about 100 medical experts to help in search and rescue effort in the Gannan and Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures in Gansu province after record floods hit the province. Reports said Zhouqu county had at least 337 dead as rescuers searched for up to 1,148 others who were still missing. Landslides up to five stories deep buried three villages, destroyed roads and bridges, disrupted mobile telecommunications equipment, and cut phone lines, water, and electricity supplies in parts of the region.
The Chinese government sent experts by helicopter to survey the flooding in devastated villages, and examine how to blast open the remaining flood-induced blockages at the end of the valley, according to Chinese state television. In total, about 875,000 homes were destroyed, 9,610,000 million people were evacuated, 22,000,000 acres (89,000 km2; 34,000 sq mi) of crops were destroyed, and tens of billions of dollars in damage were caused by the floods in 28 provinces and regions.
August 6–11: Europe
August 13–29: Africa
On August 20 the worst floods for 80 years hit Africa's Sahara Desert region. The UN warned that Niger, Chad, Burkina Faso, Cameroon and northern Nigeria were also in the grip of the worst regional food crisis since 2006. In the Sudanian Savanna city of Kano, Nigeria, over 2,000 families were displaced by floods, and in the nearby Jigawa region, an entire village was evacuated due to heavy flooding. A Mauritanian child was swept away in a flood that damaged bridges and many homes in the mountain town of Aioun. Heavy flooding happened around parts of Lake Chad.
August 13–29: Europe
After weeks without rain, heavy downpours soaked Moscow and nearby areas, bringing further relief for the extended heat wave. However, in Sarov (about 480 kilometres (300 mi) east of Moscow) a new fire started near the country's top nuclear research center. Earlier in August, radioactive and explosive materials were moved out of the facility due to the threat of forest fires; however, they were later returned when the threat lessened. Over 3,400 fire-fighters battled the forest blaze, assisted by a special fire-fighting train. The front end of the forest peat fire-fighting came near the town of Roshal (in the Shatursky district) at one point on August 13.
Heavy rain and thunder storms hit the British Isles between August 13 and 22, leading to heavy flooding in parts of Sussex, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire. The low cloud and rain led to the closure of the Bournemouth Air Festival on August 21 and 22. The morning of August 23 saw heavy storms hit Pembrokeshire, the English Midlands and Argyll. Some flooding was reported in Oxfordshire and Pembrokeshire. As the day went on the storms lined up on the east coast between The Wash and Aberdeen, with isolated storms in south-west Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, south Cambridgeshire, south-west Yorkshire, Leicestershire, and Moray.
September 1–7: Africa
On September 1, floods hit the Niger River. Flooded ruins were all that was left of three districts of the West African country's capital Niamey (Zarmagandaye, Lamorde and Karadje) It was the worst flooding by the Niger recorded since 1929.
September 1–7: Americas
September 4 saw a landslide killing 12 people by hitting a bus, as record amounts of rain started falling in parts of Guatemala and south-eastern Mexico. Thousands were evacuated from the Mexican Gulf coastline by the state of Tabasco as the flooding continued to grow.
September 5 saw up to 100 people trapped in a bus by a landslide as torrential rains continued to swamp parts of Guatemala. Most were rescued, but 18 people were killed in the incident.
On September 6, the region's first major tropical storm of the year killed at least 145 people in Guatemala, with at least 53 missing and thousands homeless as emergency crews struggled to reach isolated communities. Tropical Storm Agatha washed away hundreds of roads and collapsed many bridges in the country. The Chimaltenango department's governor, Erick de Leon, said that the landslides buried dozens of small rural Amerindian communities and killed at least 60 around the local village of Santa Apolonia alone. Local volunteers worked desperately to recover the bodies of two brothers aged four and eight who were buried by a landslide in the village of Parajbei.
September 6 also saw an overnight landslide (caused by a flood) burying around 100 people who were trying to rescue victims of the previous bus trapped by a landslide along the Inter-American Highway in the Guatemalan Highlands. 23 people were killed in the incident near the town of Santa Maria Ixtaguacan, and 12 had died in the original landslide. The floods were estimated by the government to have killed 45 people on the highway so far, with 38 dying over the last two days of heavy rain and landslides far. President Alvaro Colom declared a nationwide state of emergency and urged that citizens to stay off the nation's highways due to the likelihood of more landslides. The week-long heavy rain and floods affected some 40,000 people in the country and caused $350–500 million in damages. He also warned that 24,000 more people were at risk and the government was running out of funds.
Thousands more fled their homes in Honduras after mudslides and landslips killed 15 on September 6. State officials warned people to stay away from any swollen waterways as the rain-swollen reservoirs behind two dams near the capital of Tegucigalpa overflowed the dam walls' ramparts and spilled into a nearby river.
Meanwhile, a weather forecast of yet more rain was issued[clarification needed] across Central America; it prompted officials in Mexico to take precautions against rain induced landslides. Heavy flooding made thousands homeless in the southern Mexican states of Veracruz, Tabasco, Chiapas and Oaxaca. Mexican president Felipe Calderón pledged to send aid to the devastated regions on his Twitter page. Mexico's national power company opened floodgates on some hydroelectric dams in the region, worsening the flooding in some low-lying areas but causing no deaths and avoiding a catastrophic dam burst situation.
September 1–7: Asia
The Pakistan government said on September 2 that 1,500 had died across Pakistan so far. Basera (near Muzaffargarh in Punjab province), Jatti (near Thatta in Sindh province, Pakistan), and Larkana (in Sindh province) were still in chaos and choked with refugees on September 2. The United Nations warned that up to 3,5000,000 children were at risk from water-borne diseases like cholera in the disaster areas and refugee camps.
On September 4 storms swept into the prefecture-level city of Luoyang in China's Henan province at 7 am. A total of 15 villages were hit by gales, hail, flood and heavy rain. Several small boats were sunk in a river running through a local scenic spot in Luoyang. One person was reported dead, and electricity poles and telecommunication links were cut down in some villages as well as three bridges destroyed, farm crops destroyed, and several roads blocked, causing about 900,000,000 Yuan or $132,000,000 in material losses.
September 1–7: Europe
A second day of heavy rain hit the UK on September 6. August 2010 was the coolest since 1993, with the average maximum temperatures 1 °C (34 °F) below normal. The rainfall was much above average in both south-east England and Wales, and the third-wettest August on record had happened in East Anglia; over twice the average August rainfall occurred in 2010.
September 1–7: Oceania
The 2010 Victorian floods were a widespread series of flood events across the Australian state of Victoria from September 2 to 7. Heavy rainstorms hit New Zealand's South Island on September 2; the same rain system then hit Victoria in Australia. Flooding followed heavy rain across south-eastern Australia and caused the inundation of about 250 homes, hundreds of evacuations, and millions of dollars of damage. Weather warnings were initially issued for Victoria on Thursday, September 2 and rain began to fall on that Friday, continuing through the weekend to Tuesday, September 7. Heavy rain fell in most regions of the state, particularly higher altitudes in the state's west and north-east, flooding the upper reaches of many of Victoria's major rivers. A state of emergency was declared with State Emergency Service crews arriving from Queensland, South Australia, and Tasmania. In Skipton in the state's Western District, 20 properties were put on evacuation alert, while in the Central Highlands 120 people sought refuge in the town hall at Creswick and 30 people were evacuated from a caravan park in Clunes. In northern Victoria, 150 extra police and 50 military personnel were deployed to assist with evacuations and sandbagging.
Since the storms started on September 9, 144 people were killed and 13,000 affected people were moved to temporary relief shelters. Five of El Salvador's fourteen departments were still seeing heavy rainfall. More than 20 homes were destroyed, 24 bridges and 1,600 houses were damaged, as the town of San Vicente (48 kilometers (30 mi) east of San Salvador) was buried under landslides on November 11, killing several people.
Mexico experienced its worst rainy season on record starting from September 10. Mexico's President Felipe Calderón said 900,000 people were affected in the latest tropical storms. It was the worst such event since Hurricane Alex killed 22 and made 40,000 homeless in July.
September 14–18: Asia
A record cloudburst hit northern India on September 18 and 19, causing deadly flooding.
September 14–18: Europe
The 2010 Slovenian floods on the weekend of September 17–19 were caused by heavy rains in Slovenia, resulting in one of the worst floods in the country's history. Among the regions affected were the capital Ljubljana, the Zasavje region, Laško, the Slovenian Littoral and the Lower Carniola region. Initial damage was estimated to reach €15 million. Three people were killed.
On September 17, north-east England's firefighters, medics and emergency rescue teams did flood and rainstorm related training exercises at Hurworth Burn Reservoir, near Middleton St George in County Durham, as well as at Rothbury and Otterburn in Northumberland.
Three Spaniards died as heavy rains hit southern Spain on September 17. A man died when a wall collapsed in Bujalance in eastern Córdoba province, while a man and a woman died in Aguilar de la Frontera in the south of the province. Storm warnings were announced by the national weather authority later in the day.
September 14–18: Oceania
On September 18, heavy flooding closed a 100-meter (330 ft) stretch covered in water up to 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) deep on and off State Highway 1 north of Bulls as high winds and rain created major disturbances around the country. State Highway 3 was entirely closed and there were also landslips on State Highway 4 at the Manawatu Gorge. The NZ Transport Agency said State Highway 1 between Woodlands and Edendale in Southland had reopened after the ending of heavy snowfalls. Similar weather incidents and some minor car crashes closed parts of State Highway 99. Heavy floods under railway overbridge closed the highway near Marton, forcing a local diversion.
Powerco restored supply to around 28,000 customers as a severe wind and rain storm continued to pound the North Island. The storm had caused power cuts to around 45,000 customers through the middle of the North Island; the worst affected areas were Thames, Coromandel, Thames-Coromandel, Tirau and Putaruru, parts of the western Bay of Plenty, parts of Wanganui, Wairarapa, and Manawatu, Hauraki-Piako, and parts of Taranaki.
Overnight between September 17 and September 18, snow and ice settled on Southland's roads causing slippery conditions on rural roads and treacherous conditions in Invercargill as the local police asked people to stay indoors and off the roads. An autistic 7-year-old boy nearly died after falling in Paeroa, and hundreds of cars were damaged or destroyed nationwide. A big tree fell on State Highway Five, the Napier-Taupo Road, about 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) on the Napier side of the Tarawera Tavern. Sheep died in the worst winter since 1996.
WeatherWatch.co.nz reported that some gusts had peaked at 154 kilometers per hour (96 mph), collapsing power lines and cutting electricity in Warkworth, Remuera, Mangere and west Auckland. The electricity supply line company Vector believes about 30,000 people lost power in the Auckland area and in Piha to the west of the city.
September 19–22: Americas
Bermuda closed government-run schools for September 20 and 21 in anticipation of Hurricane Igor. In addition to school closures, the Bermuda International Airport (BDA) was shut down in advance of the storm. During the storm, the major causeway leading to the airport was shut down earlier than anticipated due to the threat of tornadoes.
Despite initial fears that Hurricane Igor would cause immense damage across Bermuda, the storm passed after causing relatively minimal structural damage. Heavy rains fell across the islands between September 18 and 19, amounting to 2.97 in (75 mm); sustained winds were recorded over hurricane force and gusts reached 93 mph (150 km/h). An AWOS on St. David's Lighthouse recorded a peak sustained wind of 91 mph (146 km/h) and gusts of 117 mph (188 km/h). Although roughly 27,500 of the 35,000 residences across the island were without power, the damage was limited mainly to downed trees. No reports of loss of life or serious injuries came after the storm's passage. Officials in Bermuda stated that the biggest loss from Igor would be lessened tourism revenue following a mass exodus prior to the hurricane's arrival. Catastrophe modeler AIR Worldwide indicated that insured losses in Bermuda were less than $100 million.
September 19–22: Asia
September 19 saw thirteen more people perish in Uttar Pradesh because of the Yamuna river floods. The maximum temperature in the capital city of New Delhi rose to 34.6 °C (94.3 °F). Several food prices rose because of the destroyed farmland.
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati demanded that a national government team be sent to assess the losses suffered during the floods. After taking an aerial survey of the flood-hit areas, she requested that the national government provide 2,175 crore for a flood relief team.
Not much happened in Pakistan on September 19, but the victims of the Pakistan flood struggled to rebuild on their own. People swarmed around any cars, begging for help: their homes and everything were completely destroyed; their fields were turned into rubbish. One villager said "[n]obody has visited our village. Nobody has helped us. My house, my furniture & and everything else was destroyed. We had no support from the government."
On September 20, heavy rain and landslides inflicted a death toll of 63 in Uttarakhand; Naintal lost 11, Haridwar 7 and Pauri 3. The river Ganges flooded several low lying areas as it passed 2 meters (6.6 ft) above the danger mark in Haridwar, as Har-Ki-Puari was completely submerged underneath the floodwaters. The state-run rescue operation to the region said that seven people were still trapped under the debris of flattened houses; local volunteers and police were already there. All the schools in the province were closed for three days. Uttarakhand's Chief Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, requested further help from both the Bharatiya Janata Party leader, Sushma Swaraj, and the Indian prime minister.
September 19–22: Europe
On September 22, in the morning after a night of steady rainfall Strathclyde Fire and Rescue received 117 calls about flooding in Kilbirnie, Glengarnock, Fairlie, and Largs in North Ayrshire, Scotland. There were similar downpours in parts of Northumberland and Cumbria at the same time as the Scottish floods took place. At one point later on September 22, 65 firefighters were called to flooding in the Rothesay and Helensburgh areas of Argyll and Bute. Just after 9:00 pm on September 22, a storm-weakened wall collapsed over the Glasgow to Largs main railway line near Pencil View in Largs, forcing Network Rail to close the line.
September 19–22: Oceania
On September 19 the roof of the 2,000 seat Stadium Southland tennis stadium in Invercargill, New Zealand collapsed and imploded after a storm dumped a near-record amount of snow on it during a tennis match. A tennis player narrowly evaded death when the air pressure's shock wave hit him as he loitered outside the stadium's entrance. In contrast, in Christchurch the weather was sunny and bright, with a temperature of 15 °C (59 °F) not −10 °C (14 °F). State Highway 1 near Woodlands, Invercargill and Edendale was closed after a Fonterra truck jackknifed. Fonterra had difficulty picking up milk from some areas due to tanker trucks jack-knifing on the roads; 400 farmers dumped their milk for hygiene reasons as it began to ferment and mold. Similar automotive incidents closed most of State Highway 99 as 10 centimeters (3.9 in) of snow hit Invercargill that day and blocked most of its streets. The airport was closed and Air New Zealand crews were sent home. Overnight snowfalls hit Lumsden and Queenstown for the second night running.
Heavy snow destroyed a 1,000 square meters (11,000 sq ft) glasshouse at Eldon Gardens, Donald McDonald's drive in Tweed St, killing 2,000 young tomato plants. The weight of the snow buckled the metal support poles of the glasshouse and most of the eight bays collapsed. The NZ$100,000 glass house was 18 years old. The snowfall in Invercargill was about 10–14 cm (3.9–5.5 in) deep, and was probably the worst in the town for at least 50 years.
September 23–25: Asia
September 23 saw northern India's storm devastating railways with 22 Delhi (inbound and outbound) trains canceled and another 65 diverted due to the severe flooding in Delhi as the river Yamuna reached the 207.06-meter (679.3 ft) danger mark. The Old Yamuna Bridge between East Delhi and New Delhi was closed for safety reasons as the Yamuna river's level rose menacingly. Residents in low-lying areas were evacuated to shelters in New Delhi.
The Yamuna river reached a record high above the 495-foot (151 m) danger mark in the worst monsoon rains for 30 years, leaving mosquito-attracting pools and coming dangerously near the Taj Mahal; more water was discharged from the Gokul and Okhla barrages.
September 24–25: Europe
In Scotland, Grampian Police warned of treacherous conditions as flooding hit Aberdeenshire and Aberdeen on September 23. Residents of the Meadows Care Home in Huntly, Aberdeenshire were moved to temporary shelder as the level of the River Deveron rose to danger level. 40 other local residents were given shelter at the Gordon Schools. Grampian Fire and Rescue Service said a number of crews from Huntly, Elgin, and the former Tayside region, along with the British Red Cross and a local coast-guard team, were all involved in the evacuation. Some schools were shut after several hours of torrential rain dramatically raised the level of a nearby Aberdeenshire river, while about 10 households in Soy Avenue and Durn Road, Portsoy were evacuated to a nearby care home. Parts of North Ayrshire, Glasgow, Lothian, and Argyll and Bute were also affected. Lothian and Borders Police later reported some flooding on West Maitland Street, Edinburgh, and High Street in Prestonpans.
The Met Office said that 37 millimeters (1.5 in) of rain had fallen in 12 hours overnight; Glasgow normally has 95 millimeters (3.7 in) of rain in all of September. Aberdeenshire also had 25 millimeters (0.98 in) of rain in 12 hours, and it continued to rain for the rest of the day leaving an extra 10–20 millimeters (0.39–0.79 in) of rain by nightfall. September 24 and 25 also saw patches of heavy rain hit various parts of Ireland, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
September 26–30: Africa
In Hadejia and Kararar Rima, Nigeria, the flood victims slept wherever they could; the men searched for dry spots on the roads, while women and children kept piling into the houses still standing, as huge numbers of displaced people returned to flood-hit villages in northern Nigeria. Over two million people were affected by the flood waters and more than fifty thousand families were made homeless. Most of the houses were made of clay, so they dissolved in the flood waters.
September 26–30: Americas
The Mississippi river started to rise and threatened St. Paul, Minnesota, with Mayor Chris Coleman declaring an emergency. The previous week's rain caused the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers to reach flood levels. Rising water levels after last week's heavy rainfall in southern Minnesota forced Water Street between Plato Boulevard and Minnesota 13 to be closed on September 28.
In Canada, the financial assistance department announced that up to CA$300,000 per claim would be available to the people harmed by heavy rains and flooding in the North Island and Central Coast areas. Areas including Port Alice, Port Hardy, Zeballos, and the Central Coast region's Bella Coola, Kingcome, and the Highway 20 corridor between Bella Coola and Anahim Lake would be covered.
September 26–30: Asia
September 26 saw heavy rain (causing more massive flooding) moving into Bihar and devastating an area around Patna. The Danapur Diyara district was the worst affected. Locals complained about a lack of emergency housing and supplies. The river Ganges breached its banks and flooded all low-lying areas, leaving many stranded due to flooded roads, collapsed bridges, and precautionary closures.
September 27 and 28 saw the flood situation reaching its worst at Agra where the river water level touched 152.4 meters (500 ft) on the morning of September 27. Many neighborhoods and ghats, such as the Taj Ganj cremation ghat, were submerged after several thunderstorms brought very heavy rainfall. Almost half of the city was without drinking water. Tourists visiting the Taj Mahal were asked to stay far away from the raging river. Settlements in the Balkeshwar and Dayalbagh areas have been inundated. More than 30 villages in the Bah tehsil have also been badly hit by the Yamuna river floods.
September 26–30: Oceania
In Waikato, people started preparing for floods as heavy rain threatened to push already-swollen rivers past their limits. Preparations were made for the worst as the region had already been hit by a storm the previous week. While further rain did fall, the most serious flooding at the start of October 2010 turned out to be south of Waikato in the central region of New Zealand.
- 2010 Central European floods
- 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull
- 2010 floods
- 2010 Northern Hemisphere summer heat wave
- 2010 Pacific typhoon season
- 2010 Romanian floods
- 2010 severe weather of the Indian subcontinent
- 2010 Victorian storms in Australia
- 2010 Western Australian storms in Earth's Southern Hemisphere
- February 2009 Great Britain and Ireland snowfall
- East Asian snowstorms of late 2009
- Winter of 1946–1947 in the United Kingdom
- Winter of 1962–1963 in the United Kingdom
- Winter of 1990–1991 in Western Europe
- Winter of 2009–2010 in Europe
- Winter storm
- Winter storms of 2008–2009
- Arctic dipole anomaly
- Arctic oscillation
- El Niño-Southern Oscillation
- Gulf Stream
- Jet stream
- North Atlantic oscillation
- Pacific-North American teleconnection pattern
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