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Not to be confused with globalization.

The concept of globalism now is most commonly used to refer to different ideologies of globalization. The clearest rendition of this use is Manfred Steger's. He distinguishes different globalisms such as justice globalism, jihad globalism, and market globalism.[1] Market globalisms include the ideology of neoliberalism.

In some hands, the reduction of globalism to market globalism and neoliberalism has led to confusion. For example, in his 2005 book The Collapse of Globalism and the Reinvention of the World, Canadian philosopher John Ralston Saul treated globalism as coterminous with neoliberalism and neoliberal globalization. He argued that, far from being an inevitable force, globalization is already breaking up into contradictory pieces and that citizens are reasserting their national interests in both positive and destructive ways.

American political scientist Joseph Nye, co-founder of the international relations theory of neoliberalism, generalized the term to argue that globalism refers to any description and explanation of a world which is characterized by networks of connections that span multi-continental distances; while globalization refers to the increase or decline in the degree of globalism.[2] This more general use of the concept is much less influential.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Manfred B. Steger, The rise of the global imaginary: political ideologies from the French Revolution to the global war on terror, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.
  2. ^ Joseph Nye, "Globalism Versus Globalization"

Further reading[edit]

(PDF download

  • James, P. and Steger, M B., eds, 2010, Ideologies of globalism, edited by Paul James and Manfred B. Steger, Sage Publications, London.
  • Steger, M.B., 2009. Globalism: The new market ideology, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, 2002, 2nd edition, 2005, 3rd edition, 2009.

External links[edit]