Globalism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with globalization.

The concept of globalism now is most commonly used to refer to different ideologies of globalization.

Interpretations[edit]

Manfred Steger distinguishes between different globalisms such as justice globalism, jihad globalism, and market globalism.[1] Market globalisms include the ideology of neoliberalism. In some hands, the reduction of globalism to the single ideology of market globalism and neoliberalism has led to confusion. For example, in his 2005 book The Collapse of Globalism and the Reinvention of the World, Canadian philosopher John Ralston Saul treated globalism as coterminous with neoliberalism and neoliberal globalization. He argued that, far from being an inevitable force, globalization is already breaking up into contradictory pieces and that citizens are reasserting their national interests in both positive and destructive ways.

Alternatively, American political scientist Joseph Nye, co-founder of the international relations theory of neoliberalism, generalized the term to argue that globalism refers to any description and explanation of a world which is characterized by networks of connections that span multi-continental distances; while globalization refers to the increase or decline in the degree of globalism.[2] This more general use of the concept is much less influential.

Definitions[edit]

Paul James defines globalism "at least in its more specific use ... as the dominant ideology and subjectivity associated with different historically-dominant formations of global extension. The definition thus implies that there were pre-modern or traditional forms of globalism and globalization long before the driving force of capitalism sought to colonize every corner of the globe, for example, going back to the Roman Empire in the second century CE, and perhaps to the Greeks of the fifth-century BCE.2."[3]

History[edit]

While ideologies of the global have a long history, globalism emerged as a dominant set of associated ideologies across the course of the late twentieth century. As these ideologies settled, and as various processes of globalization intensified, they contributed to the consolidation of a connecting global imaginary.[4] In their recent writings, Manfred Steger and Paul James have theorized this process in terms of four levels of change: changing ideas, ideologies, imaginaries and ontologies.[5] [6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manfred B. Steger, The rise of the global imaginary: political ideologies from the French Revolution to the global war on terror, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.
  2. ^ Joseph Nye, "Globalism Versus Globalization" http://www.theglobalist.com/StoryId.aspx?StoryId=2392
  3. ^ James, Paul (2006). Globalism, Nationalism, Tribalism: Bringing Theory Back In. London: Sage Publications. p. 22. 
  4. ^ Manfred B. Steger, The rise of the global imaginary: political ideologies from the French Revolution to the global war on terror, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.
  5. ^ Manfred B. Steger and Paul James, ‘Ideologies of Globalism’, in Paul James and Manfred B. Steger, eds, Globalization and Culture: Vol. 4, Ideologies of Globalism, Sage Publications, London, 2010. download pdf http://uws.academia.edu/PaulJames
  6. ^ "globalism in American-English corpus, 1800–2000". Google Ngram Viewer. Retrieved 24 October 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]