Glogovac

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This article is about the town in Kosovo. For the village in Bogatić municipality, Serbia, see Glogovac (Bogatić).
Glogovac / Drenas
Municipality and town
Glogovac / Drenas is located in Kosovo
Glogovac / Drenas
Glogovac / Drenas
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°37′N 20°54′E / 42.617°N 20.900°E / 42.617; 20.900Coordinates: 42°37′N 20°54′E / 42.617°N 20.900°E / 42.617; 20.900
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Pristina
Population (2011)
 • Total 58,579 (municipality)
 • Density 212.5/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381 38
Car plates 01
Website Municipality of Glogovac

Glogovac or Drenas (Serbian: Глоговац, Glogovac; Albanian: Drenas, Gllogovc, Turkish: Glogovaç) is a town and municipality in the Pristina district of central Kosovo.

History[edit]

Train passing the "Guri i Plakes" in Dobroshevc(Dritan)

The municipality of Glogovac was established before World War Two as a new social, political and administrative unit.During the last eighty years, economic growth has been too low, because the regime of the anti-popular past-directed from the center attended a specific discriminatory policy, especially in economy.Despite this the municipality has taken some steps in gradual (albeit slow) to its economic, agricultural, educational, medical and industrial. Especially in the improvement of municipal development has affected the construction of network-educational system, health and service network intensifying agricultural development has become especially after the construction of the irrigation system "Iber Lepenci.", while a positivemovement for the economy of Drenasit is marked by complex building "Ferronikeli"

Before the Kosovo War of 1999, the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) had a strong level of influence and controlled large areas of the municipality.

During the war, many people were killed by federal forces. Mass graves were later exhumed in an attempt to conceal the massacre.[1][2] See Drenica massacres.

About the town[edit]

Glogovac municipality is located in central Kosovo, between the Čičavica mountains in the east and the Drenica hills in the north and west. The main road from Pristina to Peć crosses the municipality.

At a junction at Komorani village, a smaller road extends north from the highway, passing through Glogovac town and continuing to Skenderaj There are a total of 36 villages in the municipality, including the town of Glogovac. The municipality's population prior to the 1999 bombing was approximately 58,579 made up almost entirely of Albanians, with a small number of Serbs and others only in the Glogovac town. No minorities remained in the municipality, thus Glogovac today reflects a mono-ethnic environment. Glogovac has been the cradle of Kosovo Albanian nationalist movements.[citation needed] Before the conflict the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) had a strong level of influence and controlled large areas of the municipality. Glogovac municipality was consequently badly affected, as was the entire Drenica region. A series of Serbian police operations resulting in armed confrontation and civilian casualties represented defining episodes in the escalation of armed conflict in Kosovo.

Religious, places of worship, and cultural institutions[edit]

The predominant religion in Glogovac is Islam. Since the Kosovo Serb presence was always insignificant in numbers[citation needed] and not a traditional area of settlement, there are no Serb Orthodox churches in Glogovac.[citation needed] There are eight Mosques, the main one being in Glogovac town. All of these mosques function, except the one in Krajkovo, which was destroyed(This was the second elder mosque in Kosovo). Though there are a few Catholics in the municipality, there is no Catholic Church. The Islamic Community has an office in the town. There are no signs of political influence within the religious community.[citation needed] Besides the mosques there are other sites of great significance. These are the mass graves in the municipality.[citation needed] People pay regular visits to the specific burial grounds or places where massacres[citation needed] took place and they organize ceremonies to remember the lost members of their families who were killed during the conflict.

Services, media and organizations[edit]

Internet services[edit]

The strongest local Internet providing company at the area at the time is Q.SH.I.K. Sky net Drenas. The company was established after the war at 2002 and is one of leading companies at the region.

Local and international NGOs[edit]

The presence of the international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the municipality remains unchanged. The number of international NGOs is reduced, while their activity level can be described as modest. Only the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) continues to be based in Glogovac while the few other international NGOs working in Glogovac are mainly based in Pristina. These include Swiss CARITAS and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC). The most prominent local NGOs are Mother Theresa Society (MTS), the ‘Council for Defense of Human Rights and Freedoms’, Shpresa, Aureola, Gresa, Nora, and Handikos. The KLA War Veterans Association, KLA Invalids Association, Friends of KPC, Pensioners Association, Glogovac Hearing Impaired Association, Union Fund of the Republic of Kosova (UFORK) or the so- called "Bukoshi Fund" are active in the municipality as well.

Local media[edit]

There are no local newspapers, except two temporary magazines "Realiteti" (a youth magazine) and "Spektri" (local magazine). However, there are four correspondents residing in Glogovac working for major newspapers based in Pristina. There are two local Radio Stations, "Radio Drenasi 92.1" and "Radio Dodona", and there is a TV station "Star TV".

Police, civil protection, and military presence[edit]

Police in Glogovac is under the KPS management since July 2003. 15 UNMIK International police officers are mainly assisting and advising. The number of KPS is 99.[citation needed] They are all Kosovo Albanians. The Norwegian Kosovo Force (KFOR) contingent was taken over by the Finnish Battalion of KFOR in July 2003. The Finnish team enjoy the support of the community and has excellent co-operation with UNMIK Police, UN Civil Administration, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and other members of international and local communities.[citation needed] The Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC), a civilian defence unit and the successor of the KLA, numbers 60 members and is still dependent on the Regional Training Group (RTG) 1 Zone located in Skenderaj.

Economy[edit]

UNMIK, KFOR and NGOs are the main employers in the municipality, while the majority of the population is employed in family-owned, small sized, non-productive, private businesses like shops, car washes, and petrol stations. Most businesses have officially registered with UNMIK. Glogovac is an agricultural-based, rural municipality with wheat and maize as the primary crops. Before the conflict, a socially owned agricultural enterprise dominated the production but was destroyed. As a result, a large portion of the arable land is not cultivated as of today. The Cattle Farm in Krajkovo is now utilised as the Temporary Community Shelter. The Ferronikel Factory provided jobs for more than 2,000 people at the peak of its production in 1988. Heavy damages were inflicted on the facility during the 1999 conflict, leaving it inoperable. Nevertheless, the recently privatised factory is still contributing to the infrastructure of Glogovac town with power, including water supply and an electric grid. A major development is the building of the Trade Centre in Glogovac town, which was completed by mid-2004. The municipality played a central role in the whole process by co-ordinating the financing, construction and management of the project. The Trade Centre contains 134 shops and offices for small businesses.[citation needed] Two quarries at Gornja Koretica and Staro Čikatovo have become operational since the conflict.

Infrastructure[edit]

The roads in the municipality range from good to poor. The main road has been redone. Local roads in the town and roads in the majority of villages remain a primary concern. During rainy or icy weather conditions it is difficult to reach some of the more remote villages due to the poor road conditions. All over the municipality there is a great lack of appropriate sewage systems in place, although in some areas the system was rehabilitated during 2001 and 2002. Telephone land lines are operational and the usage of mobile phones is the main form of communication. Electricity is available with daily power cuts, similar to the rest of the country. Latest developments include work done on the sewage network in Komorane and Glogovac II, construction of Court building and restoration of the Town Hall. Furthermore, the decision by EAR to discontinue the housing reconstruction program negatively impacted on the municipality where 1171 homes remain to be rebuilt.

Social services, health, and education[edit]

According to the information from the Social Centre, there are 2,166 families receiving social assistance. A specialized team is dispatched to deal with traumatized people and domestic violence problems. A Health Center and six small Clinics serve the immediate need of population in Glogovac. A lack of sufficient amount of medicine and specialized equipment is notable. The outstanding issue of reimbursing the additional staff has been a major issue during 2003 and 2004. Despite the allocation of funds during the course of last year, no similar provisions have been made for 2004. In 2002 eight new buildings, including elementary schools and one pre-primary school were built, while in 2003 an additional primary school was constructed. In Glogovac municipality there are 21 primary schools, 2 secondary schools and 2 pre-primary school. The quality of teachers is less than desirable as many of them do not have the necessary qualifications. The overcrowding of schools presents one of the most persisting dilemmas for the municipality. The additional of “9th” class has further overburdened an existing malfunctioning system. There is a need for more kindergarten facilities, pre-primary and primary schools, and upgrading of the existing schools. Another persisting problem is the effective de-politicization of educational institutes, intensive training for the teachers and revision of the curriculum.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Kosovo Chronology". PBS. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "World: Europe Serbs accused of clearing mass graves". BBC News. 18 May 1999. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 

External links[edit]