Glomeropitcairnia

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Glomeropitcarnia
Glomeropitcairnia penduliflora01.jpg
Glomeropitcairnia penduliflora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Tillandsioideae
Genus: Glomeropitcarnia
Mez
Synonyms[1]
  • Tillandsia penduliflora Griseb.
  • Caraguata penduliflora (Griseb.) Wittm.
  • Hepetis penduliflora (Griseb.) Mez

Glomeropitcarnia is a genus of the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae. The genus name is from the Latin “glomero” (to form into a ball) and the genus Pitcairnia.[2] It has two known species, native to Venezuela, Trinidad and the Lesser Antilles.[1][3][4]

Taxonomy[edit]

This plant group had been classified as a genera within the Pitcairnioideae subfamily, but modern cladistic and DNA analysis has revealed them as a member of Tillandsioideae, most closely related to the Guzmania and Mezobromelia generas. The only two species of this plant described to date are G. penduliflora and G. erectiflora, both common to the Caribbean. Among tank bromeliads they are noted as being able to store the most water, up to five gallons, providing a water source for other biota (with special reference to the environmentally sensitive El Tucuche Golden Tree Frog - Phyllodytes auratus ).[5]

Species[edit]

  1. Glomeropitcairnia erectiflora Mez - Trinidad, Venezuela (including Venezuelan Antilles)
  2. Glomeropitcairnia penduliflora (Grisebach) Mez - Lesser Antilles

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ "Bromeliad Info - Genera Etymology". BSI. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  3. ^ Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  4. ^ Barfuss, M.H.J., Samuel, R., Till, W. & Stussy, T.F. (2005). Phylogenetic relationships in subfamily Tillandsioideae (Bromeliaceae) based in DNA sequence data from seven placid regions. American journal of botany 92: 337-351.
  5. ^ A. J. Gilmartin, G. K. Brown, G. S. Varadarajan, M. Neighbours (Jul. - Sep., 1989), Status of Glomeropitcairnia within Evolutionary History of Bromeliaceae, Systematic Botany, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 339–348

External links[edit]