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Glorieuses or Glorioso Islands ( French: or officially also Îles Glorieuses Archipel des Glorieuses) are a group of French islands and rocks totalling 5 square kilometres (1,200 acres), at 11°33′S 47°20′E / 11.550°S 47.333°E , in the northern Mozambique channel, about 160 kilometres (99 mi) northwest of Coordinates: 11°33′S 47°20′E / 11.550°S 47.333°E Madagascar. The Glorieuses have an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 48,350 square kilometres (18,670 sq mi). There are anchorages offshore, and Grande Glorieuse has a 1,300-metre (4,300 ft) long airstrip.
archipelago consists of two islands, Grande Glorieuse ( ) and 11°34′46.54″S 47°17′54.14″E / 11.5795944°S 47.2983722°E Île du Lys, as well as eight rock islets ( Roches Vertes): Wreck Rock ( ), South Rock ( 11°30′45.19″S 47°22′54.17″E / 11.5125528°S 47.3817139°E ) and Verte Rocks ( 11°35′43.76″S 47°18′6.66″E / 11.5954889°S 47.3018500°E ) and three others that are unnamed. They form part of a 11°34′15.63″S 47°19′54.18″E / 11.5710083°S 47.3317167°E coral reef and lagoon. Grande Glorieuses is roughly circular and measures about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) across. It is thickly vegetated, mainly by the remains of a coconut plantation and casuarina trees.
Île du Lys, located at
about five miles (about 8 km) northeast of Grande Glorieuses, is about 600 metres (2,000 ft) long and consists of sand 11°30′59.35″S 47°22′36.02″E / 11.5164861°S 47.3766722°E dunes and scrub with some mangroves. It was formerly quarried for phosphate ( guano).
The climate is tropical and the terrain is low and flat, varying from sea level to 12 metres (39 ft). Île de Lys in particular is a nesting ground for
migratory seabirds, and turtles lay eggs on the beaches.
History [ edit ]
Perhaps earlier known to Arab navigators, the Glorieuses were named and settled in 1880 by a
Frenchman, Hippolyte Caltaux, who established a coconut plantation on Grande Glorieuse. The archipelago became a French possession in 1892 when Captain Richard of the Primauget made a formal claim.
From 1914 to 1958 concessions to exploit the islands were given to
Seychelles companies. The islands are today nature reserves with a meteorological station garrisoned by French troops (The French Foreign Legion). Madagascar continues to claim sovereignty over the islands, as do the Comoros and the Seychelles. [1 ] [2 ]
Gallery [ edit ]
Satellite image of the islands
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]