Main Street of Gloster, 1948
Location of Gloster, Mississippi
|• Mayor||Leroy Billy Johnson|
|• Total||1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)|
|• Land||1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||423 ft (129 m)|
|• Density||526/sq mi (203.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0693304|
The community is located 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the Homochitto National Forest.
Gloster was incorporated on March 11, 1884.
The Gloster Arboretum was established in 1965, and features a variety of plants and trees in a natural setting. The Arboretum attracts many visitors, and admission is free.
In 1990, the Gloster Southern Railroad began freight service on a short-line railroad between Gloster and Slaughter, Louisiana. Service was discontinued in 2009, and by 2013 the track had been removed.
In 2012, Drax Biomass announced plans to construct a 450,000 metric ton per year wood pellet production facility in Gloster. The facility was expected to create 45 jobs, and would be called Amite BioEnergy.
Gloster is located at .(31.196878, -91.019272)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 324 people, 223 households, and 114 families residing in the town. The population density was 588.4 people per square mile (227.6/km²). There were 481 housing units at an average density of 263.8 per square mile (102.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 54.99% African American, 44.18% White, 0.56% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.77% of the population.
There were 422 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 29.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the town the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 77.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $19,922, and the median income for a family was $23,750. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $17,222 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,536. About 35.0% of families and 39.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 61.5% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.
The town of Gloster is served by the Amite County School District.
- Carl Augustus Hansberry, businessman and plaintiff in Hansberry v. Lee U.S. Supreme Court case. Father of playwright Lorraine Hansberry.
- William Leo Hansberry, scholar. Uncle of playwright Lorraine Hansberry.
- William F. Love, U.S. Representative from Mississippi.
- T. T. Martin, evangelist and prominent figures in the anti-evolution movement in the 1920s; buried in Gloster.
- Frank A. McLain, U.S. Representative from Mississippi.
- Barney Poole, American football player.
- Linda T. Walker, federal magistrate; judge for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia.
- James W. Washington, Jr., African-American painter and sculptor.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gloster town, Mississippi". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- "Gloster". Amite County.
- "Drax Biomass Announces Wood Pellet Production Facility in Gloster, Miss.". Mississippi Development Authority. Dec 13, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.