Gloster Goring

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Goring
Gloster Goring - flying.png
Role Torpedo and day bomber
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Gloucestershire Aircraft Company
Designer S.J. Waters
First flight March 1927
Number built 1

The Gloster Goring was a single-engined two-seat biplane designed to meet 1926 Air Ministry specifications for a day/torpedo bomber. It was not put into production and the one aircraft built served later as an engine test bed.

Development[edit]

Early in 1926 the Air Ministry issued two specifications, 23/25 for a two-seat day bomber, torpedo bomber and reconnaissance aircraft, followed by 24/25 for a high altitude bomber. These two specifications brought out prototypes from several makers: the Blackburn Beagle, Handley Page Hare, Hawker Harrier, Vickers Vildebeest and Westland Witch. The Goring was Gloster's submission, aimed, like most of the other machines at both specifications.[1]

The Goring[1][2] was a single bay biplane with staggered wings of unequal span and slight sweep. They were based on spruce spars with internal wire bracing. The lower wing was angled downwards briefly as it left the fuselage, enabling a shorter than usual undercarriage. Short struts ran from the wing joint of this centre section to mid-fuselage. The fuselage was also a wooden structure of rectangular cross section formed by ash longerons. Wings and fuselage were fabric covered. The pilot sat below the upper wing trailing edge with a cut-out for visibility. The gunner sat behind in a second open cockpit fitted with a Scarff ring for a Vickers machine gun. The rear cockpit also allowed the gunner to get into a prone position for bombing. The tailplane was strut braced and the fin was low with broad chord. Both rudder and elevators had horn balances which projected beyond the fixed surfaces. The standard undercarriage was a simple single axle arrangement, but it could be swapped for a split axle unit to allow the carrying and dropping of torpedoes. In addition the Goring could operate as a seaplane. The floats were accompanied by a rudder enlarged by an extension below the fuselage.[1]

The Goring originally flew in March 1927 with an uncowled direct drive 425 hp (315 kW) Bristol Jupiter VI. Later in the year this engine was replaced by a geared 460 hp (345 kW) Bristol Jupiter VIII and flew in both land- and sea- plane configurations.[1]

Goring on wheeled undercarriage
Goring taxying on water

Operational history[edit]

At RAF Martlesham Heath in 1928 the Goring powered by the Jupiter VIII competed with the Hare, Harrier and Witch over the 23/25 specification. In the event none of them satisfied the Air Ministry, probably because they had anticipated higher performing aircraft powered by the supercharged Jupiter VII and X variants which had been unavailable owing to development difficulties.[1]

In 1930 the Goring returned to Gloster's works at Hucclecote to be converted once more to a seaplane and it remained in that guise over 1931, doing extensive flying from Calshot. Later it returned as a landplane to test the now airworthy Jupiter XF, at the same time having its fin area reduced by a narrower, straight edged surface.[1]

The Goring's final role was as an engine test bed at Bristol's Filton works where it flew in turn with the 745 hp (555 kW) Bristol Mercury VIIA, the 570 hp (425 kW) Bristol Pegasus II and the sleeve valved 670 hp (500 kW) Bristol Perseus II radial engines, the second and third of these at least within a wide chord cowling.[1]

Specifications (landplane)[edit]

Data from James 1971, pp. 144

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
  • Wingspan: 42 ft 0 in (12.18 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 6 in (3.50 m)
  • Wing area: 450 ft2 (41.8 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,914 lb (1,321 kg)
  • Gross weight: 5,650 lb (2,437 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Jupiter VIII 9-cylinder radial, 460 hp (345 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: at 4,000 ft (1,219 m) 136 mph (218 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 16,500 ft (5,030 m)
  • Rate of climb: to 10,000 ft (3,050 m) 770 ft/min (3.91 m/s)

Armament

  • 1×fixed synchronised forward firing 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun
  • 1× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis gun on Scarff ring in rear cockpit
  • underwing bomb racks and under fuselage torpedo crutches , max load 690 lb (313 kg)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g James 1971, pp. 140–4
  2. ^ Flight 24 May 1928