Glostrup is a Danish town in Region Hovedstaden, forming one of the western suburbs of Copenhagen. It is the administrative seat of Glostrup Municipality, with an estimated population of 21,650 as of 2012.
During the 20th century Glostrup developed from a small railroad town into a modern middle class suburb. The population reached a peak during the 1970s flight from central Copenhagen, but has since stabilized. While most of Copenhagens western suburbs are dominated by public housing projects, Glostrups mix is around the Danish average. A series of large companies, e.g. Grontmijs and Motorolas Danish sections, along with NKT Holding and Pandora are situated in the area. Along with the surrounding municipalities, it forms the center of Copenhagens productive industry. Glostrup Municipality has a total of 21.200 jobs in the privat and public sectors combined.
Glostrup is also home to a series of public offices and institutions, e.g. Københavns Vestegn Police Departement and Glostrup Court covering the western and northern suburbs of Copenhagen. Glostrup Hospital was inaugurated in 1958 and employs 3.200 people.
- Madeleine Dupont
- Ronnie Ekelund
- Thomas Hansen (born 1976), cricketer
- Lasse Schøne
- Morten Wieghorst
- Mark Strudal
The village of Glostrup was established in the period between around 1000 and 1197 named after its founder Glob. The city is first mentioned between 1186 and 1197 as Glostorp, but it is probably founded at the same time as Glostrup church, erected around 1150. In the following centuries, most of the privately owned land were bought by Roskilde Cathedral and tranferred to the crown after the reformation in 1536. Sources from 1682 indicates that the soil in the area was quite fertile as the village consisted of eight farms and 13 houses. Most of the smallholders worked for the farmers. In 1773 the new main road between Copenhagen and Roskilde was constructed and has since been the main road of the area.
After the railroad
Around 1850, 275 people lived in Glostrup village, which was dominated by eight major farms. At this time, the railway between Copenhagen and Roskilde, stopping in Glostrup, triggered an explosive development in the last decades of the century. A poorhouse was established in 1862 to accommodate the larger town, followed by a pharmacy in 1864, a new-built school in 1876 and telephone connection in 1886.
Glostrup Housing Association was founded in 1943 as a part of the expansion of the Danish capitol and as an answer to the growing housing demand in general. The growing population combined with the already miserable loving conditions in the central city led to a series of national plans to expand the number of housing units. While the supporters of the Glostrup Housing Association, predominantly Social Democrats, stressed the need to maintain local control of the expansion plans, oppponents criticised the building of public housing in the municipality. The largest project of the association was the building of 1,200 housing units in relation to the building of Glostrup Hospital. They were build between 1956 and 1965, ultimately defining Glostrup as a suburb rather than a village. Other large plans included the erection of Avedøre Stationsby (Transferred to Hvidovre Municipality in 1974) and the Hvissinge Plan.
Transport in Glostrup has historically been dominated by the railroad station opened on the first Danish railroad in 1847 between Copenhagen and Roskilde. During the expansion of the motorways around Copenhagen in the port-war period Glostrup became a central note in the new transport geography of the larger Copenhagen area.
The railroad station
Twin towns – Sister cities
Glostrup is twinned with:
Media related to Glostrup at Wikimedia Commons