Gloucester (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Gloucester in Gloucestershire.
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
|Electorate||80,788 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Richard Graham (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
Gloucester i// is a constituency[n 1] centred on the cathedral city and county town of the same name, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] by Richard Graham of the Conservative Party.
- 1 History
- 2 Profile
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
- 9 External links
A borough of Gloucester was established by 1295 that returned two burgesses as Members of Parliament to the House of Commons. Its population meant this was a situation not leading to an outright rotten borough identified for abolition under the Reform Act 1832 however on more fair (far more equal representation) national changes in 1885, representation was reduced to one member under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
Since 1979 Gloucester has been a bellwether constituency by passing between representatives of the two largest parties in the same way as the government. After nearly three decades as a Conservative seat, it was held by Labour from 1997 to 2010 before returning to a Conservative on a swing of 8.9%.
The constituency consists of the following electoral wards from the City of Gloucester:
Abbey, Barnwood, Barton and Tredworth, Elmbridge, Grange, Hucclecote, Kingsholm and Wotton, Matson and Robinswood, Moreland, Podsmead, Quedgeley Fieldcourt, Quedgeley Severn Vale, Tuffley, Westgate.
Members of Parliament
In 1881, Robinson's willingness to stand down faced with a popular petition and the unwillingness of the Conservatives to make allegations nor investigate matters further led to suspicions of collusion between the parties and a Royal Commission was set up to examine electoral practices. The Royal Commission concluded that Gloucester was among the most corrupt of the seven towns investigated and that bribery was endemic in all elections in the city. The Commission concluded that half of the electorate had taken bribes in 1880 and blamed local politicians for most of the corruption. Despite these findings and virtually halving the electorate eligible to vote Robinson was reelected for Gloucester in 1885 when representation had been reduced to one member under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Gloucester|
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Hilton||9,767||19.2||+5.6|
|English Democrats||Alan Platt||564||1.1||+1.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Gloucester|
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Hilton||7,825||15.1||+0.8|
|General Election 2001: Gloucester|
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Bullamore||6,875||14.3||+3.8|
|Socialist Alliance||Stewart Smyth||272||0.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Gloucester|
|Liberal Democrat||P Munisamy||6,069||10.48|
|Referendum Party||A Reid||1,482||2.56|
|Natural Law||M Hamilton||281||0.49|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1992: Gloucester|
|Labour||Kevin E. Stephens||23,801||36.8||+7.2|
|Liberal Democrat||John M. Sewell||10,978||17.0||−3.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Gloucester|
|General Election 1983: Gloucester|
|Social Democrat||M Golder||13,499||24.03|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Gloucester|
|National Front||R Morgan||527||1.02|
|General Election October 1974: Gloucester|
|General Election February 1974: Gloucester|
|Powell Conservative||B Gordon-Storkey||366||0.71|
|General Election 1970: Gloucester|
|Liberal||James P Heppell||3,935||8.45|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Gloucester|
|General Election 1964: Gloucester|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Gloucester
|Conservative||H D Keith Scott||16,679||38.37|
|Liberal||Patrick Herbert Lort-Phillips||7,336||16.88|
|Gloucester by-election, 1957
|Liberal||Patrick Herbert Lort-Phillips||7,393|
|General Election 1955: Gloucester|
|General Election 1951: Gloucester|
|Liberal||Gordon E Payne||3,292||7.62|
|General Election 1950: Gloucester|
|Liberal National||JA Kershaw||15,708||37.09|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Gloucester|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Gloucester|
|General Election 1931: Gloucester|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly this constituency by removing Longlevens for General Election 2010
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Lenthall was also elected for Oxfordshire. Cobbett's recording of William Lenthall as elected for Gloucester may be an error, as his son John sat for the city both before and after this Parliament.
- Major-General John Desborough elected but was also elected for Somerset. Chose Somerset and was replaced by James Stephens
- At the election of 1727 there was a double return, but two of the candidates returned, Matthew Ducie Moreton and Thomas Chester waived their rights and Bathurst and Selwyn were declared duly elected.
- Created a baronet, 1784
- On petition, the 1859 election was declared void, the writ was suspended, and a Royal Commission appointed to investigate. After the Commission reported, the writ was restorted and a by-election held to fill the vacant seats.
- On petition, Robinson's election was declared void, the writ was suspended and a Royal Commission appointed to investigate
- Gloucester, 1835-1985: Parliamentary representation, A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 4: The City of Gloucester (1988), pp. 205-209. Date accessed: 22 April 2009
- Wain, Julian (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. Gloucester City Council. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Williams, W.R., Parliamentary History of Co. of Gloucester, Hereford, 1898
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) 
- Lewis Namier & John Brooke, The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1754-1790 (London: HMSO, 1964)
- J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)