Gloucester City, New Jersey
|Gloucester City, New Jersey|
|City of Gloucester City|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||February 25, 1868|
|• Mayor||William P. James (term ends December 31, 2014)|
|• Administrator||Jack Lipsett|
|• Total||2.782 sq mi (7.206 km2)|
|• Land||2.320 sq mi (6.009 km2)|
|• Water||0.462 sq mi (1.197 km2) 16.62%|
|Area rank||354th of 566 in state
15th of 37 in county
|Elevation||23 ft (7 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2012)||11,440|
|• Rank||213th of 566 in state
12th of 37 in county
|• Density||4,937.8/sq mi (1,906.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||112th of 566 in state
10th of 37 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||856 exchanges: 456, 742|
|GNIS feature ID||0885234|
Gloucester City is a city in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 11,456, reflecting a decline of 28 (-0.2%) from the 11,484 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 1,165 (-9.2%) from the 12,649 counted in the 1990 Census.
Gloucester City was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 25, 1868, from the remaining portions of Union Township, which was then dissolved. Additional territory was annexed in 1925 from Centre Township and in 1927 from Haddon Township.
Gloucester City is located at United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 2.782 square miles (7.206 km2), of which, 2.320 square miles (6.009 km2) of it was land and 0.462 square miles (1.197 km2) of it (16.62%) was water.(39.891609,-75.1167). According to the
|Population sources: 1870-2000
1870-1920 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,456 people, 4,248 households, and 2,804 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,937.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,906.5 /km2). There were 4,712 housing units at an average density of 2,031.0 per square mile (784.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.52% (10,370) White, 3.07% (352) Black or African American, 0.14% (16) Native American, 2.68% (307) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.82% (209) from other races, and 1.76% (202) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.70% (767) of the population.
There were 4,248 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the city, 24.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.7 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $52,222 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,589) and the median family income was $58,825 (+/- $7,975). Males had a median income of $49,032 (+/- $3,038) versus $36,560 (+/- $2,335) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,718 (+/- $1,341). About 12.2% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 11,484 people, 4,213 households, and 2,839 families residing in the city. The 2009 Census counted 11,534. An increase of 50 people. Gloucester is ranked 210th in the state for population. The population density was 5,213.7 people per square mile (2,015.5/km2). There were 4,604 housing units at an average density of 2,090.2 per square mile (808.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.14% White, 0.69% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.88% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, 34.2% of Gloucester City residents were of Irish ancestry, the ninth-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and third-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.
There were 4,213 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.32.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,855, and the median income for a family was $46,038. Males had a median income of $35,659 versus $24,907 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,912. About 7.7% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.
Gloucester City is governed under the City form of municipal government. The Mayor and members of the Common Council are elected directly by the public, with the Mayor serving a four-year term and members of the council serving three-year staggered terms, so that there are no council seats up for vote in one year in the three-year cycle. The Mayor and Common Council are responsible for making public policy that addresses the needs of the City and its residents. The Mayor and Common Council also appoint members of the Planning and Zoning Board, as well as the Board of Health.
- First Ward: John Hutchinson (2013) and Dan Spencer (2015)
- Second Ward: James "Bowie" Johnson (2015) and Bruce Parry (2013)
- Third Ward: Nancy Randolph Baus (2015) and Helen "Lynn" Bucher (2013)
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
The 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Donald Norcross (D, Camden) and in the General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members elected at-large to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2013[update], Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2014), Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2013), Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015), Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015), Scot N. McCray (Camden, 2014), Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015) and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2013). Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Joseph Ripa, Sheriff Charles H. Billingham and Surrogate Patricia Egan Jones.
The sheriff of Camden County is Charles H. Billingham, a resident of Gloucester City who had perviously served as the city's mayor.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,726 registered voters in Gloucester City, of which 3,320 (49.4%) were registered as Democrats, 660 (9.8%) were registered as Republicans and 2,744 (40.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 59.2% of the vote here (2,611 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 37.0% (1,631 votes), with 4,411 ballots cast among the city's 6,711 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.7%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 58.9% of the vote here (2,698 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 38.3% (1,755 votes), with 4,578 ballots cast among the city's 6,653 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.8.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 54.8% of the vote here (1,473 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 36.0% (969 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.2% (113 votes), with 2,689 ballots cast among the city's 6,708 registered voters, yielding a 40.1% turnout.
The Gloucester City Public Schools serve students in preschool through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Students from Brooklawn attend the district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship.
Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Cold Springs Elementary School (grades PreK-3; 833 students), Mary Ethel Costello Elementary School (4-6; 386) and Gloucester City Junior-Senior High School (7-12; 824).
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden operates Gloucester Catholic High School, a co-educational four-year Roman Catholic high school. Saint Mary School was a Catholic grammar school that served grade levels from three- and four-year-old pre-school to eighth grade, which was closed by the diocese at the end of the 2010-2011 school year, in the wake of declining enrollment and rising deficits that were beyond the ability of the diocese to cover.
Portions of the City of Gloucester within an Urban Enterprise Zone where, in addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate at eligible merchants (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
|New Netherland series|
|The Patroon System|
|Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions|
|Directors of New Netherland:|
|People of New Netherland|
The name Fort Nassau was used by the Dutch in the 17th century for several fortifications, mostly trading stations, named for the House of Orange-Nassau. The one built in the 1620s at today's Gloucester City was for trade, mostly in beaver pelts, with the indigenous population of Susquehannock and Lenape. The region along the Delaware River and its bay was called the Zuyd Rivier and marked the southern flank of the province of New Netherland.
From 1638-1655 the area was part of New Sweden, which had been established by Peter Minuit, who had been Director of New Netherland, and was responsible for the famous purchase of the island of Manhattan. The location was disadvantageous since the richest fur-trapping area was on the west side of the river, where Swedish could intercept trade with the natives. In 1651, Peter Stuyvesant, director-general of New Netherland, dismantled the structure and relocated to a position on the other side of the river, in part to menace the Swedish, calling it Fort Casimir.
The Walt Whitman Bridge is a suspension bridge carrying Interstate 76, spanning the Delaware River, connecting Philadelphia and Gloucester City. The bridge, which extends for almost 12,000 feet (3,700 m) between abutments, opened to traffic on May 16, 1957. U.S. Route 130 also travels through Gloucester City.
Notable current and former residents of Gloucester City include:
- Gloucester Point Grounds is a former baseball ground located in Gloucester City that was the part-time home to the Philadelphia Athletics of the American Association from 1888 to 1890.
- Gloucester City is cited by some as the birthplace of rock and roll. Bill Haley & His Comets — originally a country music band called "Bill Haley and the Saddlemen" — were the house band playing at the Twin Bar for 18 months starting in the early 1950s and are said to have modified their performing style while on stage there to an early form of rock and roll.
- In 1881, painter Thomas Eakins completed two versions of "Shad-Fishing at Gloucester on the Delaware River". A watercolor version is housed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, while an oil on canvas version is on display at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia, just across the Delaware River from Gloucester City.
- On November 4, 1773, Elizabeth Griscom married John Ross at Huggs Tavern. Better known as Betsy Ross, Elizabeth is credited with designing and producing the first American flag. Huggs Tavern was torn down in the 1920s; the former site of the tavern is part of what is now Proprietor's Park.
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- Look Up a ZIP Code for Gloucester City, New Jersey, United States Postal Service. Accessed May 30, 2012.
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- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 279, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 14, 2013. "Gloucester City had a population in 1850, of 2,188; in 1860, 2,320; and in 1870, 3,682." Population listed for 1850 and 1860 is for predecessor municipalities.
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- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Gloucester City city, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 4, 2012.
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- Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Scot N. McCray, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
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- State of the County and Reorganization Meeting, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013. "Freeholder-Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. delivered the State of the County address as the Freeholder Board officially reorganized on Jan. 4 at 4:00 p.m. at the Camden County Courthouse. Newly elected Freeholder Michelle Gentek took the oath of office along with Ian Leonard and Jeffrey L. Nash to join their colleagues on the 2013 Freeholder Board."
- County Clerk, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Surrogate's Court, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- Charles H. Billingham Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed October 14, 2013. "He previously held public office for nearly four years as a Councilman and Mayor of Gloucester City.... A resident of Gloucester City with his wife Marion and their two sons, Chuckie and Michael, Sheriff Billingham’s commitment to the citizens of Camden County is governed by his concern for family and community."
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- What are SDA Districts?, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 15, 2012. "SDA Districts are 31 special-needs school districts throughout New Jersey. They were formerly known as Abbott Districts, based on the Abbott v. Burke case in which the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts.... The districts were renamed after the elimination of the Abbott designation through passage of the state's new School Funding Formula in January 2008."
- SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 15, 2012.
- Graham, Kristen A. "BROOKLAWN CONSIDERS FINDING NEW DISTRICT FOR HIGH SCHOOL PUPILS", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 16, 2001. Accessed June 19, 2008. "The tiny Brooklawn system, comprising just over 300 students and one school, sends about 80 ninth through 12th graders to the neighboring Gloucester City district, which has more than 2,000 students and four schools."
- Data for the Gloucester City Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 4, 2012.
- Cold Springs Elementary School, Gloucester City Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2013.
- Mary Ethel Costello Elementary School, Gloucester City Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2013.
- Gloucester City Junior-Senior High School, Gloucester City Public Schools. Accessed October 14, 2013.
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- New Jersey School Directory for the Gloucester City Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 14, 2013.
- Camden County Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed October 14, 2013.
- Giordano, Rita. "St. Mary School in Gloucester City to close, diocese confirms", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 20, 2011. Accessed October 14, 2013. "The Diocese of Camden confirmed Thursday that it planned to close St. Mary School in Gloucester City at the end of this school year, but members of the school community said they would not give up without a fight.... In a statement posted Thursday on St. Mary's website, Bishop Joseph A. Galante said the diocese had been working with the school to help it meet its financial challenges, including providing loans. In three years, he said, enrollment has shrunk from 194 to 183 now, with 155 projected for next year."
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- Preston, Jennifer. "Man of the House". The New York Times, February 4, 1996. Accessed February 10, 2013. "He and his wife, Betsy, have owned their three-acre farm in Pittsgrove Township since 1974, when they traded in their Gloucester City row house for the rural life."
- Strauss, Robert. "Cradle of Rock? Two Towns Stake Their Claims", The New York Times, July 10, 2007. Accessed July 10, 2007. "But Gloucester City, another New Jersey town, about an 80-mile drive northwest of Wildwood, wants to cut in right there. And on Saturday, Mr. Richards and other Comets plan to headline a show in Gloucester City, in Camden County along the Delaware River, to commemorate an 18-month span in the early 1950s when Mr. Haley led the house band at the Twin Bar."
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- Gloucester City municipal information
- Gloucester City Public Schools
- Gloucester City Public Schools's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Gloucester City Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Gloucester City Library
- History of the Gloucester Race Track