|Gloydius blomhoffii, Japanese mamushi|
Hoge & Romano-Hoge, 1981
- Common names: Asian moccasins.
Gloydius is a genus of venomous pitvipers found in Asia. Named after American herpetologist Howard K. Gloyd, this group is very similar to the North American genus Agkistrodon. Nine species are currently recognized.
|Species||Taxon author||Subsp.*||Common name||Geographic range|
|G. blomhoffii||(H. Boie, 1826)||3||Japanese mamushi||China, Korea and Japan.|
|G. halysT||(Pallas, 1776)||4||Siberian pitviper||Russia, east of the Ural Mountains through Siberia, Iran, Mongolia to northern and central China, as well as the southern Ryukyu Islands.|
|G. himalayanus||(Günther, 1864)||0||Himalayan pitviper||Along the southern slopes of the Himalayas from northeastern Pakistan, to northern India (Kashmir, Punjab) and Nepal. Found at 1524–3048 m altitude.|
|G. intermedius||(Strauch, 1868)||2||Central Asian pitviper||Southeastern Azerbaijan, northern Iran, southern Turkmenistan, northwestern Afghanistan, southern Russia, northwestern China and Mongolia.|
|G. monticola||(F. Werner, 1922)||0||Likiang pitviper||The mountains of northern Yunnan in China.|
|G. saxatilis||(Emelianov, 1937)||0||Rock mamushi||Russia (eastern Siberia), northeastern China and North and South Korea.|
|G. shedaoensis||(Zhao, 1979)||0||Shedao island pitviper||Shedao Island, off the coast of Liaotung, China.|
|G. strauchi||(Bedriaga, 1912)||0||Strauch's pitviper||The Tibetan Plateau in the provinces of Tsinghai and western Szechwan, China.|
|G. tsushimaensis||(Isogawa, Moriya & Mitsui, 1994)||0||Tsushima Island pitviper||Tsushima Island, Japan.|
|G. ussuriensis||(Emelianov, 1929)||0||Ussuri mamushi||Far east Russia (Primorskiy Kray), northeastern China, North and South Korea, as well as Quelpart Island.|
*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.
Due to the strong morphological similarity, these snakes were classified in the genus Agkistrodon until very recently. However, by 1999 cladistic studies clearly showed that Agkistrodon did not form a clade (indeed, it was not even paraphyletic) and was thus split into several genera.
A new species, G. tsushimaensis, was described by Isogawa, Moriya & Mitsui (1994). It is referred to as the Tsushima island pitviper and is found only on Tsushima Island, Japan.
- List of crotaline species and subspecies
- Crotalinae by common name
- Crotalinae by taxonomic synonyms
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
- "Gloydius". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 October 2006.
- Gumprecht A, Tillack F, Orlov NL, Captain A, Ryabov S. 2004. Asian Pitvipers. Geitje Books. Berlin. 1st Edition. 368 pp. ISBN 3-937975-00-4.
- Gloyd HK, Conant R. 1990. Snakes of the Agkistrodon Complex: A Monographic Review. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 614 pp. 52 plates. LCCN 89-50342. ISBN 0-916984-20-6.
- Isogawa K, Moriya A, Mitsui S. 1994. A new snake from the genus Agkistrodon (Serpentes: Viperidae) from Tsushima Island, Nagasaki Prefecture. Jap. J. Herpetol. 15:101-111.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gloydius.|
- Gloydius at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 12 December 2007.
- Taxonomy comparison by Dr. Wolfgang Wüster at Dr. Brian Grieg Fry's Int'l Venom & Toxin Database. Accessed 25 July 2007.