Potassium salt of glucoraphanin
|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||436.50 g mol−1|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)|
Glucoraphanin is a glucosinolate found in broccoli and cauliflower, in particular in the young sprouts. When these foods are consumed, the enzyme myrosinase transforms glucoraphanin into raphanin, which is an antibiotic, and into sulforaphane, which exhibits anti-cancer and antimicrobial properties in experimental models. Recent research also suggests that glucoraphanin may slow and prevent arthritis, and 'retune' mitochondrial metabolism. A variety of broccoli has been bred to reliably contain 2-3 times more glucoraphanin than standard broccoli. Consumption of large amounts of glucoraphanin may produce negative effects, due to increased creation of Reactive oxygen species.
- Jeffery, E. H.; Brown, A. F.; Kurilich, A. C.; Keck, A. S.; Matusheski, N.; Klein, B. P.; Juvik, J. A. (2003). "Variation in content of bioactive components in broccoli". Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 16 (3): 323–330. doi:10.1016/S0889-1575(03)00045-0.
- Roberts, Michelle. "Broccoli slows arthritis, researchers think". Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- Perocco P, Bronzetti G, Canistro D, Valgimigli L, Sapone A, Affatato A, Pedulli GF, Pozzetti L, Broccoli M, Iori R, Barillari J, Sblendorio V, Legator MS, Paolini M, Abdel-Rahman SZ. (2006). "Glucoraphanin, the bioprecursor of the widely extolled chemopreventive agent sulforaphane found in broccoli, induces phase-I xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes and increases free radical generation in rat liver.". Mutation Research 595 (1-2): 125–136. doi:10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2005.11.007.
- Cheng, Maria (October 26, 2011). "UK scientists grow super broccoli". Associated Press. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
|This article about an organic compound is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|