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Glufosfamide, also known as glucophosphamide, D-glucose isophosphoramide mustard, D-19575  - is a new, experimental cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of malignancies.
Glufosfamide, being a conjugate of glucose and active alkylating moiety of ifosfamide, has the better cell permeability than the parent compound - ifosfamide - or its metabolites. Glufosfamide utilizes the normal cell glucose transport mechanism (a sodium-dependent glucose/sodium co-transporter) for its own transport into the cell. And the glucose uptake mechanism is grossly overexpressed and upregulated in certain cancer cell lines, especially pancreatic cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and glioblastoma multiforme. This, theoretically, should render them more sensitive to the alkylating effects of glufosfamide while relatively sparing (doing relatively little collateral damage) to the normal cells in which the glucose uptake mechanism is not so upregulated.
Glufosfamide has successfully passed Phase I and Phase II of clinical trials in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, non-small cell lung cancer and recurrent glioblastoma multiforme and began Phase III trials. Subsequently, however, further development was discontinued by Baxter Oncology, without any clear explanation for the reason of discontinuation.
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- Glufosfamide: beta-D-Glc -IPM, D 19575.Drugs R D. 2005 , 6 (1) :49-52
- Liang J, Huang M, Duan W, Yu XQ, Zhou S. Design of new oxazaphosphorine anticancer drugs.Curr Pharm Des. 2007, 13 (9) :963-78 .
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