Glutamate synthase (NADPH)

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glutamate synthase (NADPH)
Identifiers
EC number 1.4.1.13
CAS number 37213-53-9
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a glutamate synthase (NADPH) (EC 1.4.1.13) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

L-glutamine + 2-oxoglutarate + NADPH + H+ \rightleftharpoons 2 L-glutamate + NADP+

Thus, the four substrates of this enzyme are L-glutamine, 2-oxoglutarate (α-ketoglutarate), NADPH, and H+, whereas the two products are L-glutamate and NADP+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-NH2 group of donors with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. This enzyme participates in glutamate metabolism and nitrogen metabolism. It has 5 cofactors: FAD, Iron, FMN, Sulfur, and Iron-sulfur.

It occurs in bacteria and plants but not animals, and is important as it provides glutamate for the glutamine synthetase reaction.[1][2]

Nomenclature[edit]

The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-glutamate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (transaminating). Other names in common use include:

  • glutamate (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate), synthase,
  • glutamate synthase (NADPH),
  • glutamate synthetase (NADP),
  • glutamine amide-2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase (oxidoreductase, NADP),
  • glutamine-ketoglutaric aminotransferase,
  • L-glutamate synthase,
  • L-glutamate synthetase,
  • L-glutamine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, NADPH oxidizing,
  • NADPH-dependent glutamate synthase,
  • NADPH-glutamate synthase, and
  • NADPH-linked glutamate synthase.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 1EA0.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Temple SJ, Vance CP, Gantt JS (1998). "Glutamate synthase and nitrogen assimilation". Trends in Plant Science 3 (2): 51–56. doi:10.1016/S1360-1385(97)01159-X. 
  2. ^ Vanoni MA, Curti B (May 2008). "Structure-function studies of glutamate synthases: a class of self-regulated iron-sulfur flavoenzymes essential for nitrogen assimilation". IUBMB Life 60 (5): 287–300. doi:10.1002/iub.52. PMID 18421771. 

Further reading[edit]