Glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate)

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glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate)
Identifiers
EC number 1.8.5.1
CAS number 9026-38-4
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate) (EC 1.8.5.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2 glutathione + dehydroascorbate \rightleftharpoons glutathione disulfide + ascorbate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are glutathione and dehydroascorbate, whereas its two products are glutathione disulfide and ascorbate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on a sulfur group of donors with a quinone or similar compound as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is glutathione:dehydroascorbate oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include dehydroascorbic reductase, dehydroascorbic acid reductase, glutathione dehydroascorbate reductase, DHA reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase, GDOR, and glutathione:dehydroascorbic acid oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, glutamate metabolism, and glutathione metabolism.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2HZE and 2HZF.

References[edit]

  • Crook EM (1941). "The system dehydroascorbic acid-glutathione". Biochem. J. 35: 226–236.