Glycyrrhiza

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Glycyrrhiza
Glycyrrhiza glabra - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-207.jpg
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
(unranked): Inverted repeat-lacking clade
Genus: Glycyrrhiza
L.
Glycyrrhiza echinata Fruits and Seeds - MHNT
Plant as used in Chinese herbology (crude medicine)

Glycyrrhiza is a genus of about 18 accepted species in the legume family (Fabaceae), with a subcosmopolitan distribution in Asia, Australia, Europe, and the Americas.

The genus is best known for liquorice (British English; licorice in American English), G. glabra, a species native to the Mediterranean region, from which the confectionary liquorice is produced. Very little G. glabra is grown in North America, but American Licorice G. lepidota is a common native species there. Russian Liquorice (G. echinata) and Chinese Liquorice (G. uralensis; Chinese: 甘草; pinyin: gāncǎo) are also cultivated, the latter being important in traditional Chinese medicine. Also known by following names in these languages: Hindi – mulethi, Sanskrit – yastimadhu, Gujarati name – jethimadh, Marathi name - Jeshthamadh (जेष्ठमध).

Species[edit]

Species include:[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]