Glynn County, Georgia

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Glynn County, Georgia
GA Brunswick Old Town HD new courthouse02.jpg
Map of Georgia highlighting Glynn County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1777
Named for John Glynn
Seat Brunswick
Largest city Brunswick
Area
 • Total 585.17 sq mi (1,516 km2)
 • Land 422.37 sq mi (1,094 km2)
 • Water 162.80 sq mi (422 km2), 27.82%
Population
 • (2010) 79,626
 • Density 160/sq mi (62/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.glynncounty.org

Glynn County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,626.[1] The county seat is Brunswick.[2]

It is part of the Brunswick, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Brantley, Glynn and McIntosh counties.

History[edit]

Glynn County, one of the original eight counties in the state created on February 5, 1777, was named after John Glynn,[3] a member of the British House of Commons who defended the cause of the American Colonies before the American Revolution.The Battle of Bloody Marsh was fought in Glynn County. James Oglethorpe built Fort Frederica which was used a base in the American Revolutionary War. Glynn Academy is the second oldest school in Georgia.

Glynn County includes the most prominent of the Sea Islands of Georgia, including Jekyll Island, St. Simons Island, and Sea Island. The Georgia poet Sidney Lanier immortalized the seacoast there in his poem, "The Marshes of Glynn", which begins:

Glooms of the live-oaks, beautiful-braided and woven
With intricate shades of the vines that myriad-cloven
Clamber the forks of the multiform boughs,--
Emerald twilights,--
Virginal shy lights,
Wrought of the leaves to allure to the whisper of vows,
When lovers pace timidly down through the green colonnades
Of the dim sweet woods, of the dear dark woods,
Of the heavenly woods and glades,
That run to the radiant marginal sand-beach within
The wide sea-marshes of Glynn;--

The former Glynco Naval Air Station, named for the county, was a major base for blimps and anti-submarine warfare during World War II. The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) now uses a substantial part of the former NAS as its main campus.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 585.17 square miles (1,515.6 km2), of which 422.37 square miles (1,093.9 km2) (or 72.18%) is land and 162.80 square miles (421.7 km2) (or 27.82%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Interstate highways[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

State routes[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 413
1800 1,874 353.8%
1810 3,417 82.3%
1820 3,418 0.0%
1830 4,567 33.6%
1840 5,302 16.1%
1850 4,933 −7.0%
1860 3,889 −21.2%
1870 5,376 38.2%
1880 6,497 20.9%
1890 13,420 106.6%
1900 14,317 6.7%
1910 15,720 9.8%
1920 19,370 23.2%
1930 19,400 0.2%
1940 21,920 13.0%
1950 29,046 32.5%
1960 41,954 44.4%
1970 50,528 20.4%
1980 54,981 8.8%
1990 62,496 13.7%
2000 67,568 8.1%
2010 79,626 17.8%
Est. 2012 81,022 1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 67,568 people, 27,208 households, and 18,392 families residing in the county. The population density was 160 per square mile (62 /km2). There were 32,636 housing units at an average density of 77 per square mile (30 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White, 26.45% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to census 2000 the largest European ancestry groups in Glynn county are:

There were 27,208 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,765, and the median income for a family was $46,984. Males had a median income of $34,363 versus $23,558 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,707. About 11.60% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Glynn County's public schools are operated by Glynn County School System.

Superfund sites[edit]

Glynn County is home to seventeen identified hazardous waste sites, six actively polluting industries, and four Superfund sites.[8][9] The Hanlin Group, Inc., which maintained a facility named "LCP Chemicals" in Glynn County just outside the corporate limits of Brunswick, was convicted of dumping 150 tons of mercury into Purvis Creek, a tributary of the Turtle River and surrounding tidal marshes between the mid-1980s and its closure in 1994. Two executives were sentenced to prison time over the incident.

The LCP facility had been declared a Superfund site when it closed in 1994 and was already under scrutiny by the EPA when Service biologists discovered mercury poisoning in endangered wood storks on St. Simons Island. Fish, shellfish, crabs, and shrimps taken in coastal waters as well as other bird species also contained the toxic metal. The Service traced the source of the contamination to the LCP plant and documented the extent of the damage to wildlife resources–an effort that resulted in the addition of Endangered Species Act charges to those that would be brought against Hanlin and its officers. Link to EPA information

Other Superfund sites in the area are

  • Brunswick Wood Preserving EPA link
  • Hercules 009 Landfill EPA link
  • Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall EPA link

Mass murder in 2009[edit]

On August 29, 2009, the county suffered the worst mass murder in Georgia state history, when seven individuals were found dead at a trailer in New Hope Mobile Home Park. Two others were critically injured, one of them dying later in hospital. Guy Heinze, Jr. was later convicted of the murders.

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 139. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Brunswick Pollution Overview (TOES)". TOES-USA.org. Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  9. ^ "Glynn County Environmental Statistics". Glynn Environmental Coalition. Archived from the original on 2008-04-12. Retrieved 2007-12-01. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°13′N 81°29′W / 31.22°N 81.49°W / 31.22; -81.49