Temporal range: 0–0Ma Neogene(Pleistocene) - Recent
|Glyptemys muhlenbergii 
Glyptemys insculpta 
Vulnerable (IUCN 2.3)
Glyptemys is a genus of turtle in the family Emydidae. It comprises two species, the bog turtle and wood turtle, both of which are endemic to North America. Until 2001, these turtles were considered members of the genus Clemmys, which currently has one member: the spotted turtle.
Full grown, these turtles grow to between 8.9 and 20 centimeters (3.5 and 7.9 in). These turtles are semi-aquatic, although this varies based on season. They have morphological characteristics that make them unique from other species and unique from each other.
The Glyptemys turtles prefer slow moving streams and ponds and feed on insects, plant matter, small invertebrates, and eat carrion. These turtles are protected throughout their range.
|Portion of Emydidae family|
|In the past, the taxonomic classification of these turtles looked very different however, the current system has Clemmys as a monotypic genus and Glyptemys, Terrepene, and Emys as three distinct genera (the species Emys trinacris is not shown).|
Before 2001, the bog and wood turtles were members of the Clemmys genus, however, they were moved to a newly created genus, Glyptemys, after further morphological and genetic analyses revealed that they were much closer relatives to each other than to the spotted turtle. The bog turtle and wood turtle have a similar genetic makeup that is marginally different than that of the spotted turtle, the only current member of the Clemmys genus. The western pond turtle was also a former member of Clemmys, but it was recently moved to the genus Actinemys: of which it is now the only member. Both Glyptemys turtles have a karyotype that consists of 50 chromosomes.
There are several common names for each species: ones for the bog include mud turtle, marsh turtle, yellowhead, and snapper while the wood may be referred to as the sculptured tortoise, red-legged tortoise, or redleg.
Glyptemys turtles are small to medium in size: the bog turtle males grow to be 9.4 centimeters (3.7 in) and females 8.9 centimeters (3.5 in) while wood turtles of either gender reach 14 to 20 centimeters (5.5 to 7.9 in) in length. Bog turtles weigh 110 grams (3.9 oz) and wood turtles average 1 kilogram (35 oz) at maturity. The bog can be recognized by small, bright blotches on each side of its neck  and the wood by its dark gray to black head and bright orange coloration on its ventral surfaces.
 Distribution and habitat
Glyptemys turtles are endemic to eastern North America. Their collective range extends from Nova Scotia south to Georgia and from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota. These turtles are semi-aquatic and are commonly found in bogs, fens, and small streams which have soft yet compacted sandy bottoms.
 Evolutionary history
During the last post-Pleistocene ice age, Glyptemys turtles were forced south by encroaching glaciers from the north. After glaciation, some turtle colonies relocated to their original northern range while others continued to live in the new, southern range. Some fossil remains from the Rancholabrean period (300,000 to 11,000 years BP) have been found in states such as Georgia and Tennessee, areas farther south than the turtles' current range.
 Ecology and behavior
These turtles are diurnal and become active in the early morning. During extremely cold days they each may spend time underwater while the bog has been known to also seek dense underbrush or mud to bury itself in. Excessively hot days sometimes causes these turtles to estivate.
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