Gnathiidae are a family of isopod crustaceans. They occur in a wide range of depths, from the littoral zone to the deep sea. The adults are associated with sponges and may not feed. The [1 ] juvenile form is known as a 'praniza' larva, and it is a temporary parasite of marine fish. [1 ]
Taxonomy in the family relies on male characters, such that females and juveniles cannot be reliably identified.
The family contains 182 species, [1 ] divided among the following genera: [2 ] [3 ]
Afrignathia Hadfield & Smit, 2008
Bathygnathia Dollfus, 1901
Bythognathia Camp, 1988
Caecognathia Dollfus, 1901
Elaphognathia Monod, 1926
Euneognathia Stebbing, 1893
Gibbagnathia Cohen & Poore, 1994
Gnathia Leach, 1814
Monodgnathia Cohen & Poore, 1994
Paragnathia Omer-Cooper & Omer-Cooper, 1916
Tenerognathia Tanaka, 2005
Thaumastognathia Monod, 1926
External links [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Richard Brusca, Vania R. Coelho & Stefano Taiti (2001). "Suborder Gnathiidae [. sic]" Guide to the Coastal Marine Isopods of California. Tree of Life Web Project . Retrieved August 28, 2010.
^ Jörundar Svavarsson (2006). "New species of Gnathiidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Cymothoida) from seamounts off northern New Zealand" ( PDF). Zootaxa 1173: 39–56.
^ WoRMS (2010). "Gnathiidae". In M. Schotte, C. B. Boyko, N. L. Bruce, G. C. B. Poore, S. Taiti & G. D. F. Wilson. World Marine, Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans database. World Register of Marine Species . Retrieved August 28, 2010.