Gnevny-class destroyer

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For the Project 57 class destroyers also known as the Gnevny class, see Kanin class destroyer.
Bditelnyy(7)01.jpg
Soviet Destroyer Bditelnyy
Class overview
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 People's Liberation Army Navy
Built: 1935-42
In service: 1938-90
Planned: 36
Completed: 30
Cancelled: 6
General characteristics
Type: destroyer
Displacement: 1,612 tonnes (1,587 long tons; 1,777 short tons) (standard)
2,039 tonnes (2,007 long tons; 2,248 short tons) (full load)
Length: 112.8 m (370 ft 1 in)
Beam: 10.2 m (33 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)
Propulsion: 2-shaft GTZA-24 geared steam turbines
3 watertube boilers
50,500 shp (37,700 kW) (trials)
Speed: 39.37 knots (45.31 mph; 72.91 km/h) (trials)
Endurance: 2,640 nmi (4,890 km) at 19.83 knots (37 km/h)
Complement: 197 (236 wartime)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Arktur hydrophone
Armament: 4 × 1 - 130 mm (5.1 in) B-13 guns

2 × 1 - 76.2 mm (3.00 in) 34-K AA guns
2 × 1 - 45 mm (1.8 in) 21-K AA guns
2 × 1 - 12.7 mm (0.50 in) DK or DShK machine guns
3 × 2 - 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes
60-95 mines

25 depth charges

The Gnevny class were a group of destroyers built for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s - early 1940s. They are sometimes known as the Gremyashchiy class destroyer and the Official Soviet Designation was Project 7. These ships fought in World War II.

In the early 1930s the Soviets felt able to restart construction of fleet destroyers and forty eight ships were ordered under the second Five-Year Plan.

The design was produced with Italian assistance despite ideological differences between the Soviets and Fascist Italy. They resembled contemporary destroyers built in Italy for the Greek and Turkish Navies.

They suffered from some of the same weaknesses of contemporary Italian ships with structural weakness and limited seaworthiness. There were also significant machinery problems in the earliest ships. The design flaws were apparent after trials of the first units in 1936/7 and production stopped after 30 ships. A modified design was then placed into production as the Type 7U.

Four surviving ships from the Pacific Fleet were transferred to the People's Liberation Army Navy and served as the Anshan class destroyers.

Ships[edit]

Black Sea Fleet[edit]

Ship Builder Launched Completed Fate
Bodry - Бодрый (Brisk) Marti Yard, Nikolaev 1936 1938 scrapped 1950s page in Russian
Bystry - Быстрый (Rapid) Marti Yard, Nikolaev 1936 Nov 1938 sunk 1 July 1941 by magnetic mine
Bezuprechny - Безупречный ( Irreproachable) 61 Kommunar yard, Nikolaev 1936 1938 sunk 26 June 1942 page in Russian
Bditelny - Бдительный (Watchful) 61 Kommunar yard, Nikolaev 1936 1938 sunk 2 July 1942 Page in Russian
Boiky - Бойкий (Spry / bold) Marti Yard, Nikolaev 29 Oct 1936 1 May 1939 scrapped 1958, Page in Russian
Bezposhchadny - Беспощадный (Merciless) Sevastopol Navy Yard 1937 Sept 1939 sunk 6 October 1943, bombing by Stukas page in Russian

Baltic Fleet[edit]

Ship Builder Launched Completed Fate
Gnevny (wrathful) Zhdanov Yard, Leningrad 13 June 1936 31 jan 1939 sunk 23 June 1941 by mines
Gordy (proud) Baltic yard, Leningrad 1936 1938 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1941, scrapped 1950s
Gromky(Loud) Baltic yard, Leningrad 6 Dec 1937 23 Feb 1939 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1941, scrapped 1960
Grozny (terrible) Zhdanov yard Leningrad 31 July 1936 1939 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1941, used as a target for nuclear testing 1957, near Novaya Zemlya
Gremyashchy (thunderous) Zhdanov yard Leningrad 12 March 1937 1939 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1941, used as a target for nuclear testing 1957, near Novaya Zemlya
Grozyashtchi (menacing) Zhdanov yard Leningrad 18 Aug 1936 1939 During the first day of the Winter War, captured small Finnish steamer Auvo and took it as prize to Paldiski.[1] Damaged by bombing near Leningrad, scrapped 1950s
Sokrushitelny (Destructive) Zhdanov yard Leningrad 15 Aug 1936 1939 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1941 sunk in a storm 22 November 1942, after stern broke off, 35 dead
Steregushchy (Alert) Zhdanov yard Leningrad 1937 1939 bombed and sunk 21 September 1941 near Krondstadt, salvaged in 1944 and returned to service 1948, Scrapped 1959
Stremitelny (Impetuous) Zhdanov yard Leningrad 1936 1938 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1941 sunk 20 July 1941 by German Bombers in Ekatirinskaya Bay, Murmansk, partially raised in 1942 and cannibalised for spair parts to repair Raz'yaryonny

Pacific Fleet[edit]

All the Pacific Fleet ships were built by Dalzavod, Komsomolsk na Amure and towed to Vladivostok for fitting out due to the shallow depth of the Amur River. One unit, Reshitelny (i), was lost by stranding on passage 7 November 1938, being damaged beyond repair. The material for these ships was assembled in Nikolayev and then shipped east via the Trans-Siberian railway.

Ship Launched Completed Fate
Reshitelnyy Решительнвй (decisive) 1937 Not completed Lost while being towed between Sovetskaya Gavan and Vladivostok for final fitting out
Rezvyy Резвый (frisky) 1937 Dec 1939 Scrapped 1950s
Ryanyy Ряный (spirited) Oct 1937 1940 Sunk as target 8 January 1961 in the Sea of Japan
Rastoropnyy Расторопный (prompt) 1939 1941 Scrapped 1950s
Redkiy Редкий (rare) 1941 Scrapped 1962
Razyashchyy Разящий (furious) 1938 1941 sunk as target ship 1961
Reshitelnyy (ii) Решительный (decisive) 1939 1941 sold to China 1955 as An'Shan
Retivyy Ретивый (ardent) 1940 1941 sold to China 1955 as Chi Lin
Revnostnyy Ревностный (fervent) 1940 1941 scrapped 1950s
Razyaryonnyy Разъяренный (enraged) May 1941 Dec 1941 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1942, target ship 1958
Razumnyy Разумный (sensible) 1940 1941 transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet in 1942, foundered 1960s
Rekordnyy Рекордный (record breaking) 1940 1941 sold to China 1955 as TaiYuan
Rezkiy Резкий (Brusque) 1940 1942 sold to China 1954 as ChangChun

References[edit]

  • Roger Chesneau, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946. Greenwhich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised Edition ed.). Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Cassell Publishing. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 
  • Yakubov, Vladimir; Worth, Richard (2008). "The Soviet Project 7/7U Destroyers". In Jordan, John; Dent, Stephen. Warship 2008. London: Conway. pp. 99–114. ISBN 978-1-84486-062-3.