Go for Broke! (1951 film)

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Go for Broke!
Go For Broke poster 1951.jpg
Directed by Robert Pirosh
Produced by Dore Schary
Written by Robert Pirosh
Starring Van Johnson
Lane Nakano
George Miki
Edited by James E. Newcom
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release dates 24 May 1951 (NYC)
Running time 92 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1,337,000[1]
Box office $3,337,000[1]

Go for Broke! is a 1951 war film directed by Robert Pirosh,[2] produced by Dore Schary and featured Van Johnson in the starring role, as well as several veterans of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, Henry Nakamura, Warner Anderson, and Don Haggerty amongst its large cast.

The film dramatizes the real-life story of the 442nd, which was composed of Nisei (second-generation Americans born of Japanese parents) soldiers.[3]

Fighting in the European theater during World War II, this unit became the most heavily decorated unit for its size and length of service in the history of the United States Army, as well as one of the units with the highest casualty rates.[4] This film is a Hollywood rarity for its era in that it features Asian Americans in a positive light, highlighting the wartime efforts of Japanese Americans on behalf of their country even while that same country interned their families in camps.

As with his earlier film script Battleground, in which Van Johnson also starred, writer-director Robert Pirosh[2] focuses on the average squad member, mixing humor with pathos, while accurately detailing equipment and tactics used by American infantry in World War II.[5] The contrast of reality versus public relations, the hardships of field life on the line, and the reality of high casualty rates are accurately portrayed with a minimum of heroics.

In 1979, the film entered the public domain (in the USA) due to the claimants failure to renew its copyright registration in the 28th year after publication.[6]

Plot[edit]

The film begins in 1943 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, with newly commissioned Lieutenant Michael Grayson (Johnson) reporting for duty with the 442nd, then in training. He discovers that he has been sent to a unit composed of Nisei, when he had expected to return to the U.S. 36th Infantry Division, a Texas National Guard unit with which he had served as an enlisted man. Having joined the war to fight against the Japanese, he is disturbed to find he is expected to fight alongside people whom he sees as Japanese, rather than Americans. From the outset, Grayson runs his platoon with rather harsh treatment of his subordinates, including an almost martinet-like insistence upon the strict observance of regulations.

He (and the audience) learn that "Go for broke" is a pidgin phrase (used in Hawaii) meaning to gamble everything, to "shoot the works" – to risk "going broke" or bankruptcy.[5] Eventually, Grayson also learns the meaning of the frequently repeated expletive Baka tare, which, loosely translated, means "very stupid."

There is only brief mention of the internment camps from which most of the men have come, but throughout the film, there are references to the camps. There are also a few brief references to the distinctions between the Nisei from Hawaii ("Buta-heads") and those from the mainland ("Katonks"). While Buta-heads (the phrase later devolved to "Buddha-Heads") were a key part of the Hawaiian economy and society, Katonks were largely distrusted and disliked by their neighbors.

Arriving in Italy, the unit is joined by the 100th Battalion, the Nisei unit formed in Hawaii before the 442nd was created on the mainland. The troops of the 100th are seasoned veterans and the new arrivals look to them for advice. On the march to the front lines, Grayson inadvertently gets left behind while fraternizing with a signorina, but when he catches up, finds that his platoon has covered for him during an inspection of their positions by the colonel.

Through fighting in Italy and France, Grayson eventually comes to respect the Nisei, and his bigotry fades. Eventually, he is transferred back to his old unit, the 36th as a liaison—over his objections—when the 442nd is attached to the larger unit.

As he has misjudged the Nisei, they have misjudged Grayson.[5] They eventually learn that he has defended them against bigotry, even getting into a fistfight with an old friend of his from the 36th who had insulted them.

The climax of the movie comes with the "Buddha-heads'" famous rescue of the "Lost Battalion", after the 36th is surrounded by the German army. Then comes their return home, and the award of the eighth Presidential Unit Citation.[7]

Cast[edit]

These actors were actual veterans of the 442nd.

There is archive footage of Gen. Mark Clark, and Pres. Truman presenting the unit citation.[4]

Reception[edit]

According to MGM records the film made $2,531,000 in the US and Canada[12] and $806,000 overseas, resulting in a profit of $761,000.[1]

Honors[edit]

The story and screenplay by Robert Pirosh were nominated for an Academy Award in 1951.[13]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study .
  2. ^ a b "Robert Pirosh, 79, Veteran of Combat and Author, Is Dead," New York Times. December 31, 1989.
  3. ^ Barsam, Richard. (1992). Nonfiction Film: a Critical History, p. 220.
  4. ^ a b Sterner, C. Douglas. (2005). Go For Broke: The Nisei Warriors of World War II Who Conquered Germany, p. 141.
  5. ^ a b c Crowther, Bosley. "'Go for Broke!', Tribate to War Record of Nisei Regiment, Opens at the Capitol," New York Times. May 25, 1951.
  6. ^ Pierce, David (June 2007). "Forgotten Faces: Why Some of Our Cinema Heritage Is Part of the Public Domain". Film History: An International Journal 19 (2): 125–43. doi:10.2979/FIL.2007.19.2.125. ISSN 0892-2160. JSTOR 25165419. OCLC 15122313. 
  7. ^ Takemoto, Kenneth.' (2006). Nisei memories: my parents talk about the war years, p. 120.
  8. ^ "Lane Nakano, 80, a Soldier Turned Actor, Is Dead," New York Times. May 11, 2005.
  9. ^ Akira Fukunaga, film credits
  10. ^ Harry Hamada, image of hula-dancing soldier; film credits
  11. ^ Henry Nakamura, film credits
  12. ^ 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1951', Variety, January 2, 1952
  13. ^ "Go for Broke! (1951); Cast, Credits and Awards," New York Times online.

References[edit]

External links[edit]