|Regions with significant populations|
English, Marathi, Portuguese, Swahili and others
Christianity (Roman Catholicism) and Hinduism
Islam and others
Goans (Konkani: गोंयकार, Romi lipi: Goenkar) is the demonym used to describe the people of Goa, India, who form an ethno-linguistic group resulting from the assimilation of Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic ethnic and/or linguistic ancestries. They speak different dialects of Konkani natively. Goan Hindus refer to themselves as Konkane (Devanagari: कोंकणे), meaning the residents of Konkan. Goanese is an incorrect usage for Goans.
A copperplate dating early 4th century AD found in Shiroda, mentions one Devaraja of the Gominas, which is a reference to the Bhoja king ruling from Chandor, who is hailed as the ruler of the Goans or Gominas.
Goans mainly speak the Konkani language, a Prakrit based language belonging to the Southern group of Indo-Aryan Languages. Various dialects of Konkani spoken by the Goans include Bardeskari, Sashtikari, Pednekari, Antruj bhasha, whereas Konkani spoken by the Catholics is notably different from those of the Hindus, with a lot of Portuguese influence in its vocabulary. Konkani was suppressed under the Portuguese rule, playing a minor part in education of the past generations. They are mostly multilingual and Marathi has played a significant role for Hindus. Most Goans were educated in Portuguese in the past. There is a very small minority of descendants of the Portuguese, most of whom are of mixed descent and speak Portuguese.
They use Devanagari and Latin script for education as well as communication (personal, formal and religious). In the past Goykanadi, Modi, Kannada scripts were also used which later fell into disuse owing to many social, political and religious reasons.
Goans are a predominantly Hindu population followed by Roman Catholic population and small Muslim community. Hindus in Goa are divided into many different castes and sub-castes, known as Jatis. They use their village names to identify their clans, some of them use titles. Some are known by the occupation their ancestors have been practicing; Nayak, Borkar, Raikar, Prabhu, Kamat, Lotlikar, Chodankar, Naik, Bhat, Tari, Gaude are few examples. The Catholics display a strong Portuguese influence, because of the 451 years as a Portuguese colony. Portuguese names are common among the Christians. The Caste system is either not followed by Goan Catholics or followed to a lesser degree as compared to other Indians. Very few Catholic families also share Indo-Portuguese ancestry.
Goans have been migrating all along the coast and across the world for the last six centuries because of many socio-religious and economic reasons, the diaspora are commonly known as the Konkani people, residing in the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala who do not refer to themselves as Goans. Many Goans have settled in Mumbai (Bombay) in the last century and still identify themselves as Goans. India's Goan population is mainly concentrated in the mega cities like Bangalore, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai and Pune.
Until the early 1970s there were substantial populations of Goans in the Middle East, Africa and Europe. Goans in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique and Angola. The end of colonial rule and the subsequent waves of expulsion of Indians from Kenya and Uganda forced the community to migrate elsewhere. The Gulf News put the number of Goans residing outside India as approximately 300,000.
- Goan Catholics
- Goan Hindus
- Caste system in Goa
- Goan cuisine
- Konkani people
- List of people from Goa
- Goan houses
|Look up Goan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- "Young NRIs trace their roots in Goa". Gulf News. December 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
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