Sole Satisfier

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Sole Satisfier is a term in Christian theology which refers to God as the only one who can satisfy human beings. The terminology is based on the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas, who said: "God alone satisfies" (Exposition of the Apostles’ Creed 1). This is based on the Bible: "Come to me all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest" (Gospel of Matthew 11: 28); "Only God is good" (Gospel of Luke 18:19). Aquinas in his philosophy also discussed summum bonum, the greatest good.

Biblical basis[edit]

Jesus Christ, whom Christian theology considers as God, said: "Come to me all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me: for I am gentle and lowly in heart: and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden light." (Mt 11: 28-30)

Jesus Christ also said: "Consider the lilies, how they grow; they neither toil nor spin; yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. But if God so clothes the grass which is alive in the field today and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, O men of little faith! And do not seek what you are to eat and what you are to drink, nor be of anxious mind. For all the nations of the world seek these things; and your Father knows that you need them. Instead, seek his kingdom, and these things shall be yours as well. (Lk 12:27-31)

In his discussion with a young man, he also said: "Only God is good." (Luke 18:19)

David says to God in his final Psalm of the Psalter, "You open your hand; you satisfy the desire of every living thing." (Psalm 145:16)

These and dozens of other scriptures[citation needed] refer to God as satisfaction for mankind.

Theological and philosophical basis[edit]

On the part of man[edit]

According to Christian philosophy, the basis of the doctrine that only God satisfies the human soul is that the faculties of man which makes him really human are the intellect and will. These two faculties, which distinguishes him from animals, are "open to the infinite."

This means that with his intellect or mind, man can always "know more" i.e. he can keep on receiving new information, new meaning without ever filling up. He can also "love more", i.e. he can always expand the quantity of the people and things he loves, and he can also improve the quality of that love. Thus only the Infinite God can satisfy the human spirit that is open to the infinite.

St. Thomas in Summa contra Gentiles states: "the will's desire is satisfied by the divine good alone as its last end."

On the part of God[edit]

Christian theology says that God is I AM WHO AM. He alone IS. He is Subsistent Being from whom all the other beings get their existence and their force. Thus compared to him the other beings are nothing. Compared to God who is All Goodness, his creatures as "no good." And in Metaphysics, we are told that Being = Goodness, and that "good" means "that which everything desires." Thus God, who is Goodness Itself and the source of all goodness, is the only one which can satisfy man's desires.

Peter Kreeft, a Christian philosopher who follows the steps of Thomas Aquinas, says that only God wins in the list of Candidates for the Greatest Good. He lists down other candidates which people seek: pleasure, power, money, honor, virtue, wisdom. And they all pale in comparison with God because they are temporary, limited, and many are means to an end and not the end itself.

This is also based on the experience of people: materials things do not satisfy completely and people are not easily satiated with them. Some management literature says:

Salary is no longer the sole satisfier, nor the key to employee loyalty. Instead, loyalty is tied to the feelings workers get from their workplaces, and the values and ethics that are transmitted from the leadership. Just like Tom Cruise's character in the movie Jerry McGuire, employees are seeking deeper meaning and inspiration from their work, evaluating their companies' ethics and searching for their own.[1]

Saints[edit]

Cyprian[edit]

Cyprian is one of the Fathers of the Church.

To those who seek the kingdom of God and his righteousness, he has promised to give all else besides. Since everything indeed belongs to God, he who possesses God wants for nothing, if he himself is not found wanting before God. [2]

Augustine[edit]

Augustine is the foremost Western Father of the Church. In modern language, he was, before his conversion to Christianity, considered a playboy and a cafeteria believer, choosing whatever faith suited him. These did not satisfy him thus he wrote one of his most famous words:

You have made us, O Lord, for yourself, and our heart is restless until it rests in you. (Confessions of St. Augustine, 1)
We all want to live happily; in the whole human race there is no one who does not assent to this proposition, even before it is fully articulated. How is it, then, that I seek you, Lord? Since in seeking you, my God, I seek a happy life, let me seek you so that my soul may live, for my body draws life from my soul and my soul draws life from you.[3]

Thomas Aquinas[edit]

Aquinas wrote the Summa Theologiae, a comprehensive summation or compendium of theology.

Eternal life is the perfect fulfillment of desire, because each of the blessed will have more than he desired or hoped for. In this life, no one can fulfill his desires, nor can any creature satisfy a man’s craving. God alone satisfies and infinitely surpasses man’s desires, which therefore can never rest except in God.

Teresa of Avila[edit]

Teresa of Avila was a Mystic and is a Doctor of the Church. God as the Sole Satisfier of human longing is one of the central teachings of the Discalced Carmelite reform that she and St. John of the Cross collaborated upon in the 16th century.

Let nothing trouble you
Let nothing frighten you
Everything passes
God never changes
Patience
Obtains all
Whoever has God
Wants for nothing
God alone is enough.[4]

Josemaria[edit]

Josemaria is the founder of Opus Dei who preached about the universal call to holiness.

After twenty centuries, we have to proclaim with complete conviction that the spirit of Christ has not lost its redemptive force, which alone can satisfy the desires of the human heart. Begin by feeding that truth into your own heart, which will be perpetually restless, as Saint Augustine wrote, until it rests entirely in God.[5]
Once we recognise the insignificant and contingent nature of our earthly endeavours, the way is then open for true hope, a hope which upgrades all human work and turns it into a meeting point with God. ... Perhaps there is no greater tragedy for man than the sense of disillusionment he suffers when he has corrupted or falsified his hope, by placing it in something other than the one Love which satisfies without ever satiating.[6]
'Stay with us; it is towards evening, and it is far on in the day,' night is coming on. That's just like us. Always short on daring, perhaps because we are insincere, or because we feel embarrassed. Deep down, what we are really thinking is: 'Stay with us, because our souls are shrouded in darkness and You alone are the light. You alone can satisfy this longing that consumes us.' For 'we know full well which among all things fair and honourable is the best: to possess God for ever.' [7]

Catholic authorities[edit]

Catechism[edit]

The Catechism of the Catholic Church is the result of four centuries of scholarship and teaching after the Catechism of Trent of the 16th Century.

The Beatitudes respond to the natural desire for happiness. This desire is of divine origin: God has placed it in the human heart in order to draw man to the One who alone can fulfill it.[8]
The beatitude we are promised confronts us with decisive moral choices. It invites us to purify our hearts of bad instincts and to seek the love of God above all else. It teaches us that true happiness is not found in riches or well-being, in human fame or power, or in any human achievement - however beneficial it may be - such as science, technology, and art, or indeed in any creature, but in God alone, the source of every good and of all love.

Benedict XVI[edit]

In his book, Jesus of Nazareth, Pope Benedict XVI stressed that "The issue is the primacy of God." He said that God is "the reality without which nothing else can be good... If man's heart is not good, then nothing else can turn out good either. And the goodness of the human heart can ultimately come only from the One who is goodness, who is the Good itself."

Benedict XVI also asked rhetorically: "What did Jesus actually bring, if not world peace, universal prosperity, and a better world? The answer is very simple: God. He has brought God. ....He has brought God, and now we know his face, now we can call upon him. Now we know the path that we human beings have to take in this world. Jesus has brought God and with God the truth about our origin and destiny: faith, hope, and love.

The importance of "faith, hope and love" was already emphasized by the then Cardinal Ratzinger in his book God and the World. There he quotes Sor Lucia on what is the real message of Fatima. Sor Lucia told him to tell the world this: Don't take notice of the other things related to the Fatima story. The only message that is important is "faith, hope and love."

Benedict's first two encyclicals are on love and hope.

Other religions[edit]

Islam also refers to Allah (God) as AS-SAMAD or The Satisfier of all needs: "He is ever-present, knowing your needs before you do and satisfying them in the way they should be satisfied."[9]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chris Penttila (2000-05-01). "Entrepreneurial, business - Actions Speak Loudest". Entrepreneur.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  2. ^ "CCC Search Result - Paragraph # 2830". Scborromeo.org. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  3. ^ "CCC Search Result - Paragraph # 1718". Scborromeo.org. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  4. ^ "CCC Search Result - Paragraph # 227". Scborromeo.org. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  5. ^ "Opus Dei - writings of the founder". Escrivaworks.org. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  6. ^ "Opus Dei - writings of the founder". Escrivaworks.org. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  7. ^ "Opus Dei - writings of the founder". Escrivaworks.org. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  8. ^ "CCC Search Result - Paragraph # 1718". Scborromeo.org. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  9. ^ "Allah's Divine Names & Attributes". Members.tripod.com. Retrieved 2013-09-16.