A god, as a male deity, contrasts with female deities, or "goddesses". While the term "goddess" specifically refers to a female deity, the plural "gods" can be applied to all gods collectively, regardless of gender.
In most polytheistic religions, both in history and in the present, male deities had the more prominent role. The Greek and Roman pantheons were ruled by Zeus and Jupiter.
When Ancient Egyptian religion developed closer to monotheism, it was Amun, a male god, who rose to the most prominent place.
War gods were, like the rulers of the pantheon, typically male, too; Ares/Mars and Toutatis are obvious examples.
- ^ Article "Jupiter" in The Oxford Classical Dictionary. ISBN 0-19-860641-9
- ^ Vincent Arieh Tobin, Oxford Guide: The Essential Guide to Egyptian Mythology, Edited by Donald B. Redford, p. 20, Berkley books, ISBN 0-425-19096-X
- ^ Paul-Marie Duval. 1993. Les dieux de la Gaule. Éditions Payot, Paris. ISBN 2-228-88621-1